BibTex format

author = {Douglas, P and Freni-Sterrantino, A and Leal, Sanchez M and Ashworth, DC and Ghosh, RE and Fecht, D and Font, A and Blangiardo, M and Gulliver, J and Toledano, MB and Elliott, P and De, Hoogh K and Fuller, GW and Hansell, AL},
doi = {10.1021/acs.est.6b06478},
journal = {Environmental science & technology},
pages = {7511--7519},
title = {Estimating Particulate Exposure from Modern Municipal Waste Incinerators in Great Britain},
url = {},
volume = {51},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Municipal Waste Incineration (MWI) is regulated through the European Union Directive on Industrial Emissions (IED), but there is ongoing public concern regarding potential hazards to health. Using dispersion modeling, we estimated spatial variability in PM10 concentrations arising from MWIs at postcodes (average 12 households) within 10 km of MWIs in Great Britain (GB) in 2003-2010. We also investigated change points in PM10 emissions in relation to introduction of EU Waste Incineration Directive (EU-WID) (subsequently transposed into IED) and correlations of PM10 with SO2, NOx, heavy metals, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furan (PCDD/F), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) emissions. Yearly average modeled PM10 concentrations were 1.00 × 10-5 to 5.53 × 10-2 μg m-3, a small contribution to ambient background levels which were typically 6.59-2.68 × 101 μg m-3, 3-5 orders of magnitude higher. While low, concentration surfaces are likely to represent a spatial proxy of other relevant pollutants. There were statistically significant correlations between PM10 and heavy metal compounds (other heavy metals (r = 0.43, p = <0.001)), PAHs (r = 0.20, p = 0.050), and PCBs (r = 0.19, p = 0.022). No clear change points were detected following EU-WID implementation, possibly as incinerators were operating to EU-WID standards before the implementation date. Results will be used in an epidemiological analysis examining potential associations between MWIs and health outcomes.
AU - Douglas,P
AU - Freni-Sterrantino,A
AU - Leal,Sanchez M
AU - Ashworth,DC
AU - Ghosh,RE
AU - Fecht,D
AU - Font,A
AU - Blangiardo,M
AU - Gulliver,J
AU - Toledano,MB
AU - Elliott,P
AU - De,Hoogh K
AU - Fuller,GW
AU - Hansell,AL
DO - 10.1021/acs.est.6b06478
EP - 7519
PY - 2017///
SN - 0013-936X
SP - 7511
TI - Estimating Particulate Exposure from Modern Municipal Waste Incinerators in Great Britain
T2 - Environmental science & technology
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 51
ER -