Search or filter publications

Filter by type:

Filter by publication type

Filter by year:

to

Results

  • Showing results for:
  • Reset all filters

Search results

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Masouros SD, Newell N, Bonner TJ, Ramasamy A, Hill AM, West ATH, Clasper JC, Bull AMJet al., 2012,

    A standing vehicle occupant is likely to sustain a more severe injury than one who has flexed knees in an under-vehicle explosion: A cadaveric study

    , 2012 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, Pages: 289-295

    The lower limb of military vehicle occupants has been the most injured body part due to undervehicle explosions in recent conflicts. Understanding the injury mechanism and causality of injury severity could aid in developing better protection. Therefore, we tested 4 different occupant postures (seated, brace, standing, standing with knee locked in hyper-extension) in a simulated under-vehicle explosion (solid blast) using our traumatic injury simulator in the laboratory; we hypothesised that occupant posture would affect injury severity. No skeletal injury was observed in the specimens in seated and braced postures. Severe, impairing injuries were observed in the foot of standing and hyper-extended specimens. These results demonstrate that a vehicle occupant whose posture at the time of the attack incorporates knee flexion is more likely to be protected against severe skeletal injury to the lower leg.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Newell N, Masouros SD, Ramasamy A, Bonner TJ, Hill AM, Clasper JC, Bull AMJet al., 2012,

    Use of cadavers and anthropometric test devices (ATDs) for assessing lower limb injury outcome from under-vehicle explosions

    , 2012 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, Pages: 296-303

    Lower extremities are particularly susceptible to injury in an under-vehicle explosion. Operational fitness of military vehicles is assessed through anthropometric test devices (ATDs) in full-scale blast tests. The aim of this study was to compare the response between the Hybrid-III ATD, the MiL-Lx ATD and cadavers in our traumatic injury simulator, which is able to replicate the response of the vehicle floor in an under-vehicle explosion. All specimens were fitted with a combat boot and tested on our traumatic injury simulator in a seated position. The load recorded in the ATDs was above the tolerance levels recommended by NATO in all tests; no injuries were observed in any of the 3 cadaveric specimens. The Hybrid-III produced higher peak forces than the MiL-Lx. The time to peak strain in the calcaneus of the cadavers was similar to the time to peak force in the ATDs. Maximum compression of the sole of the combat boot was similar for cadavers and MiL-Lx, but significantly greater for the Hybrid-III. These results suggest that the MiL-Lx has a more biofidelic response to under-vehicle explosive events compared to the Hybrid-III. Therefore, it is recommended that mitigation strategies are assessed using the MiL-Lx surrogate and not the Hybrid-III.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Phillips ATM, 2012,

    Structural optimisation: Biomechanics of the femur

    , Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering and Computational Mechanics, Vol: 165, Pages: 147-154, ISSN: 1755-0777

    A preliminary iterative three-dimensional meso-scale structural model of the femur was developed, in which bar and shell elements were used to represent trabecular and cortical bone respectively. The cross-sectional areas of the bar elements and the thickness values of the shell elements were adjusted over successive iterations of the model based on a target strain stimulus, resulting in an optimised construct. The predicted trabecular architecture, and cortical thickness distribution showed good agreement with clinical observations, based on the application of a single leg stance load case during gait. The benefit of using a meso-scale structural approach in comparison to micro- or macroscale continuum approaches to predictive bone modelling was achievement of the symbiotic goals of computational efficiency and structural description of the femur.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Rankin S, 2012,

    Mesenchymal stem cells

    , THORAX, Vol: 67, Pages: 565-566, ISSN: 0040-6376
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Rankin SM, 2012,

    Chemokines and adult bone marrow stem cells

    , IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 145, Pages: 47-54, ISSN: 0165-2478
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Bo C, Balzer J, Brown KA, Walley SM, Proud WGet al., 2011,

    Development of a chamber to investigate high-intensity compression waves upon live cell cultures

    , EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL-APPLIED PHYSICS, Vol: 55, ISSN: 1286-0042
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Bonner TJ, Eardley WGP, Newell N, Masouros S, Matthews JJ, Gibb I, Clasper JCet al., 2011,

    Accurate placement of a pelvic binder improves reduction of unstable fractures of the pelvic ring

    , JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-BRITISH VOLUME, Vol: 93B, Pages: 1524-1528, ISSN: 0301-620X
  • JOURNAL ARTICLE
    Ramasamy A, Hill AM, Masouros SD, Gordon F, Clasper JC, Bull AMJet al., 2011,

    Evaluating the effect of vehicle modification in reducing injuries from landmine blasts. An analysis of 2212 incidents and its application for humanitarian purposes

    , ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, Vol: 43, Pages: 1878-1886, ISSN: 0001-4575
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Etard, Reichenbach J,

    EEG-measured correlates of comprehension in speech-in-noise listening

    , Basic Auditory Science 2017
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Villette CC, Phillips ATM,

    Combined predictive structural finite element and musculoskeletal modeling of bone structure for study of fracture under solid blast condition

    , IStructE Young Researchers' Conference
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Villette CC, Phillips ATM,

    Towards a patient-specific combined musculoskeletal and finite element model of bone structure

    , 2nd UK Patient Specific Modelling Meeting - IPEM conferences
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Villette CC, Phillips ATM,

    Predictive mesoscale structural modelling of bone informed by microscale poroelastic analyses

    , XXV congress of the International Society of Biomechanics
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Villette CC, Phillips ATM,

    Combined finite element and musculoskeletal predictive structural modelling of the femur: Potential mechanobiology applications

    , 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Villette CC, Phillips ATM, Modenese L,

    Combined Musculoskeletal and Finite Element Modelling of the Femur

    , XXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Villette CC, Phillips ATM, Modenese L,

    Combined musculoskeletal and finite element predictive modelling of bone structure and simple fracture analysis

    , 12th international symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Villette CC, Phillips ATM, Zaharie DT,

    Frangible optimised lower limb surrogate for assessing underbelly blast injury

    , International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury
  • CONFERENCE PAPER
    Zaharie D, Villette C, Phillips A,

    FRANGIBLE OPTIMISED LOWER LIMB SURROGATE FOR ASSESSING INJURY CAUSED BY UNDERBELLY BLAST

    , XV International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics

This data is extracted from the Web of Science and reproduced under a licence from Thomson Reuters. You may not copy or re-distribute this data in whole or in part without the written consent of the Science business of Thomson Reuters.

Request URL: http://wlsprd.imperial.ac.uk:80/respub/WEB-INF/jsp/search-t4-html.jsp Request URI: /respub/WEB-INF/jsp/search-t4-html.jsp Query String: id=566&limit=20&page=5&respub-action=search.html Current Millis: 1534901364995 Current Time: Wed Aug 22 02:29:24 BST 2018