Environmental Degradation Group
Dr Abigail Ackerman - Replicating Corrosion in Gas Turbine Engines
Investigator: Dr Abigail Ackerman
Project Title: Replicating Corrosion in Gas Turbine Engines
Supervisors: Dr Stella Pedrazzini
Corrosion is currently a significant problem within engineering. The corrosion of Ni superalloys in particular has been a large subject of study in recent years. The presence of SO2/3 within gas turbine engines, as a product of exhaust emissions, volcanic activity and the ingestion and high temperature oxidation of H2S is not yet understood. The production of SO2, its conversion to SO3 (with or without catalytic activity), the effect of moisture and/or salt on the materials within the turbine is known to be negative, but requires further investigation. This project involves the design and development of a novel gas exchange rig, that combines moisture and SO2/SO3 to replicate the service environment of a gas turbine engine. This is used in combination with salted specimens to perform fatigue tests at temperature in order to gain a more complete understanding of superalloy corrosion.
Cynthia Rodenkirchen – Effect of Mo and W on the corrosion resistance of nickel superalloys
Investigator: Cynthia Rodenkirchen
Supervisor: Dr. Stella Pedrazzini and Prof. Mary Ryan
Collaborators: Rolls Royce
Duration: 28/02/2020 – 28/08/2023
Ni-based superalloys, commonly used e.g. in turbines for aircraft engines, are an important material class for operations at high temperature and high stress. They exhibit high mechanical strength and resistance to thermal creep deformation even at temperatures close to their melting points. Another essential characteristic of these superalloys is corrosion resistance. By investigation of several superalloys with varying Mo and W compositions, this study aims to understand the effect of Mo and W on type-2 hot corrosion of Ni-based superalloys.
Declan Clarke - The effects of alloying elements on the oxidation mechanics of Nickel-based superalloys
Investigator: D R Clarke
Supervisors: Dr S. Pedrazzini (Primary), Dr B. Gault, Dr A. K. Ackerman
Collaborators: Rolls-Royce plc
Duration: 01/10/2019 – 01/10/2022 (PhD Studentship)
Abstract: The use of nickel-based superalloys for aerospace applications for turbine blades and discs is well documented, due to their high temperature mechanical properties and microstructural stability. One of the key challenges to their use is corrosion, which can be mitigated through the formation of a surface passivating, adherent oxide scale. Trace amounts of alloying elements effect the thermal probability for certain oxides to form. Utilising this phenomenon, a preferable compound oxide layer can be tailored to unique alloy operations. We will investigate the effects of certain elements on Ni-based superalloys, contributing to a multi-faceted investigation into reducing environmental degradation.