About AVOID 2
The Grantham Institute is leading Imperial’s involvement in AVOID 2, a UK government funded climate change research programme involving a multi-disciplinary consortium of research organisations.
The AVOID research programme was established in 2009 to provide scientifically-robust, policy-relevant answers to questions directly related to the Ultimate Objective of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change which is to ‘prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system’.
The second phase of the programme began February 2014 and will run until March 2016.
The multi-disciplinary consortium for AVOID 2 is led by the Met Office and includes the Grantham Institute, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, and Walker Institute (University of Reading). There are 12 other organisations in the AVOID network.
Research and purpose
2014/2015 is a critical period in the international climate change negotiation process, in which the long-term climate goal will be discussed and the scale of greenhouse gas mitigation ambition and structure of a global agreement will be shaped. AVOID 2 will provide Government analysts and climate negotiating teams both in the UK and internationally with the science needed to inform their decisions, leading up to the UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP 21) in Paris in November 2015.
The research programme focuses on three key questions:
- What are the characteristics of ‘dangerous’ climate change?
- What greenhouse gas emissions pathways will avoid ‘dangerous’ climate change?
- What is the feasibility of such pathways?
Researchers working on the programme have a wide range of leading expertise in climate science and modelling, the interactions between the climate and the biosphere, hydrology, ecology, economics, psychology, sociology and a range of engineering disciplines.
The Institute has undertaken several studies for the AVOID and AVOID 2 Programmes, including:
- Review of Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies
- “Assessment of Mitigation Scenarios, Technologies and Hedges against Uncertainty” UK Carbon Capture and Storage activity in the next decade – creating UK and global options for the 2020’s
- The UK bio-energy resource base to 2050: Estimates, assumptions, and uncertainties
- Achievement of international near term targets for CO2 emissions mitigation
- The Potential for the Deployment of Negative Emissions Technologies in the UK
- AVOID Programme UK-USA Workshop on Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change
- China's energy technology options to 2050
- Implications of technological development and regional climate damage costs for international climate policy
- A taxonomy of countries’ climate change mitigation strategies
- India’s CO2 emissions pathway to 2050