BibTex format

author = {Alberts, G and Gurguc, Z and Koutroumpis, P and Martin, R and Muuls, M and Napp, T},
doi = {10.1016/j.enpol.2016.06.001},
journal = {Energy Policy},
pages = {504--523},
title = {Competition and norms: a self-defeating combination?},
url = {},
volume = {96},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - This paper investigates the effects of information feedback mechanisms on electricity and heating usage at a student hall of residence in London. In a randomised control trial, we formulate different treatments such as feedback information and norms, as well as prize competition among subjects. We show that information and norms lead to a sharp – more than 20% - reduction in overall energy consumption. Because participants do not pay for their energy consumption this response cannot be driven by cost saving incentives. Interestingly, when combining feedback and norms with a prize competition for achieving low energy consumption, the reduction effect – while present initially – disappears in the long run. This could suggest that external rewards reduce and even destroy intrinsic motivation to change behaviour.
AU - Alberts,G
AU - Gurguc,Z
AU - Koutroumpis,P
AU - Martin,R
AU - Muuls,M
AU - Napp,T
DO - 10.1016/j.enpol.2016.06.001
EP - 523
PY - 2016///
SN - 1873-6777
SP - 504
TI - Competition and norms: a self-defeating combination?
T2 - Energy Policy
UR -
UR -
VL - 96
ER -