BibTex format

author = {Bridgestock, L and van, de Flierdt T and Rehkamper, M and Paul, M and Middag, R and Milne, A and Lohan, MC and Baker, AR and Chance, R and Khondoker, R and Strekopytov, S and Humphreys-Williams, E and Achterberg, EP and Rijkenberg, MJA and Gerringa, LJA and de, Baar HJW},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms12921},
journal = {Nature Communications},
title = {Return of naturally sourced Pb to Atlantic surface waters},
url = {},
volume = {7},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Anthropogenic emissions completely overwhelmed natural marine Pb sources during the past century, predominantly due to leaded petrol usage. Here, based on Pb isotope measurements, we reassess the importance of natural and anthropogenic Pb sources to the tropical North Atlantic following the nearly complete global cessation of leaded petrol use. For the first time, significant proportions of up to 30 – 50% of natural Pb, derived from mineral dust, are observed in Atlantic surface waters, reflecting the success of the global effort to reduce anthropogenic Pb emissions. The observation of mineral dust derived Pb in surface waters is governed by the elevated atmospheric mineral dust concentration of the North African dust plume and the dominance of dry deposition for the atmospheric aerosol flux to surface waters. Given these specific regional conditions, emissions from anthropogenic activities will remain the dominant global marine Pb source, even in the absence of leaded petrol combustion.
AU - Bridgestock,L
AU - van,de Flierdt T
AU - Rehkamper,M
AU - Paul,M
AU - Middag,R
AU - Milne,A
AU - Lohan,MC
AU - Baker,AR
AU - Chance,R
AU - Khondoker,R
AU - Strekopytov,S
AU - Humphreys-Williams,E
AU - Achterberg,EP
AU - Rijkenberg,MJA
AU - Gerringa,LJA
AU - de,Baar HJW
DO - 10.1038/ncomms12921
PY - 2016///
SN - 2041-1723
TI - Return of naturally sourced Pb to Atlantic surface waters
T2 - Nature Communications
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 7
ER -