A primary motivation of our research is the monitoring of physical, physiological, and biochemical parameters - in any environment and without activity restriction and behaviour modification - through using miniaturised, wireless Body Sensor Networks (BSN). Key research issues that are currently being addressed include novel sensor designs, ultra-low power microprocessor and wireless platforms, energy scavenging, biocompatibility, system integration and miniaturisation, processing-on-node technologies combined with novel ASIC design, autonomic sensor networks and light-weight communication protocols. Our research is aimed at addressing the future needs of life-long health, wellbeing and healthcare, particularly those related to demographic changes associated with an ageing population and patients with chronic illnesses. This research theme is therefore closely aligned with the IGHI’s vision of providing safe, effective and accessible technologies for both developed and developing countries.

Some of our latest works were exhibited at the 2015 Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition.


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  • Conference paper
    Rosa BG, Anastasova-Ivanova S, Lo B, Yang GZet al., 2019,

    Towards a fully automatic food intake recognition system using acoustic, image capturing and glucose measurements

    , IEEE 16th International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 2376-8886

    Food intake is a major healthcare issue in developed countries that has become an economic and social burden across all sectors of society. Bad food intake habits lead to increased risk for development of obesity in children, young people and adults, with the latter more prone to suffer from health diseases such as diabetes, shortening the life expectancy. Environmental, cultural and behavioural factors have been appointed to be responsible for altering the balance between energy intake and expenditure, resulting in excess body weight. Methods to counteract the food intake problem are vast and include self-reported food questionnaires, body-worn sensors that record the sound, pressure or movements in the mouth and GI tract or image-based approaches that recognize the different types of food being ingested. In this paper we present an ear-worn device to track food intake habits by recording the acoustic signal produced by the chewing movements as well as the glucose level amperiometrically. Combined with a small camera on a future version of the device, we hope to deliver a complete system to control dietary habits with caloric intake estimation during satiation and deficit during satiety periods, which can be adapted to the physiology of each user.

  • Conference paper
    Freer D, Deligianni F, Yang G-Z, 2019,

    Adaptive riemannian BCI for enhanced motor imagery training protocols

    , IEEE 16th International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 2376-8886

    Traditional methods of training a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) on motor imagery (MI) data generally involve multiple intensive sessions. The initial sessions produce simple prompts to users, while later sessions additionally provide realtime feedback to users, allowing for human adaptation to take place. However, this protocol only permits the BCI to update between sessions, with little real-time evaluation of how the classifier has improved. To solve this problem, we propose an adaptive BCI training framework which will update the classifier in real time to provide more accurate feedback to the user on 4-class motor imagery data. This framework will require only one session to fully train a BCI to a given subject. Three variations of an adaptive Riemannian BCI were implemented and compared on data from both our own recorded datasets and the commonly used BCI Competition IV Dataset 2a. Results indicate that the fastest and least computationally expensive adaptive BCI was able to correctly classify motor imagery data at a rate 5.8% higher than when using a standard protocol with limited data. In addition it was confirmed that the adaptive BCI automatically improved its performance as more data became available.

  • Conference paper
    Chen S, Kang L, Lu Y, Wang N, Lu Y, Lo B, Yang G-Zet al., 2019,

    Discriminative information added by wearable sensors for early screening - a case study on diabetic peripheral neuropathy

    , IEEE 16th International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 1-4, ISSN: 2376-8886

    Wearable inertial sensors have demonstrated their potential to screen for various neuropathies and neurological disorders. Most such research has been based on classification algorithms that differentiate the control group from the pathological group, using biomarkers extracted from wearable data as predictors. However, such methods often lack quantitative evaluation of how much information provided by the wearable biomarkers contributes to the overall prediction. Despite promising results from internal cross validation, their utility in clinical practice remains unclear. In this paper, we highlight in a case study - early screening for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) - evaluation methods for quantifying the contribution of wearable inertial sensors. Using a quick-to-deploy wearable sensor system, we collected 106 in-hospital diabetic patients' gait data and developed logistic regression models to predict the risk of a diabetic patient having DPN. Adopting various metrics, we evaluated the discriminative information added by gait biomarkers and how much it improved screening. The results show that the proposed wearable system added useful information significantly to the existing clinical standards, and boosted the C-index significantly from 0.75 to 0.84, surpassing the current survey-based screening methods used in clinics.

  • Conference paper
    Sun Y, Lo FP-W, Lo B, 2019,

    A deep learning approach on gender and age recognition using a single inertial sensor

    , IEEE 16th International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 2376-8886

    Extracting human attributes, such as gender and age, from biometrics have received much attention in recent years. Gender and age recognition can provide crucial information for applications such as security, healthcare, and gaming. In this paper, a novel deep learning approach on gender and age recognition using a single inertial sensors is proposed. The proposed approach is tested using the largest available inertial sensor-based gait database with data collected from more than 700 subjects. To demonstrate the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed approach, 10 trials of inter-subject Monte-Carlo cross validation were conducted, and the results show that the proposed approach can achieve an averaged accuracy of 86.6%±2.4% for distinguishing two age groups: teen and adult, and recognizing gender with averaged accuracies of 88.6%±2.5% and 73.9%±2.8% for adults and teens respectively.

  • Conference paper
    Qiu J, Lo FP-W, Lo B, 2019,

    Assessing individual dietary intake in food sharing scenarios with a 360 camera and deep learning

    , IEEE 16th International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 2376-8886

    A novel vision-based approach for estimating individual dietary intake in food sharing scenarios is proposed in this paper, which incorporates food detection, face recognition and hand tracking techniques. The method is validated using panoramic videos which capture subjects' eating episodes. The results demonstrate that the proposed approach is able to reliably estimate food intake of each individual as well as the food eating sequence. To identify the food items ingested by the subject, a transfer learning approach is designed. 4, 200 food images with segmentation masks, among which 1,500 are newly annotated, are used to fine-tune the deep neural network for the targeted food intake application. In addition, a method for associating detected hands with subjects is developed and the outcomes of face recognition are refined to enable the quantification of individual dietary intake in communal eating settings.

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