A primary motivation of our research is the monitoring of physical, physiological, and biochemical parameters - in any environment and without activity restriction and behaviour modification - through using miniaturised, wireless Body Sensor Networks (BSN). Key research issues that are currently being addressed include novel sensor designs, ultra-low power microprocessor and wireless platforms, energy scavenging, biocompatibility, system integration and miniaturisation, processing-on-node technologies combined with novel ASIC design, autonomic sensor networks and light-weight communication protocols. Our research is aimed at addressing the future needs of life-long health, wellbeing and healthcare, particularly those related to demographic changes associated with an ageing population and patients with chronic illnesses. This research theme is therefore closely aligned with the IGHI’s vision of providing safe, effective and accessible technologies for both developed and developing countries.

Some of our latest works were exhibited at the 2015 Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition.


Citation

BibTex format

@article{Thompson:2021:10.1136/gutjnl-2020-323609,
author = {Thompson, A and Bourke, C and Robertson, R and Shivakumar, N and Edwards, C and Preston, T and Holmes, E and Paul, K and Gary, F and Douglas, M},
doi = {10.1136/gutjnl-2020-323609},
journal = {Gut},
pages = {1580--1594},
title = {Understanding the role of the gut in undernutrition: what can technology tell us?},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2020-323609},
volume = {70},
year = {2021}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Gut function remains largely underinvestigated in undernutrition, despite its critical role in essential nutrient digestion, absorption and assimilation. In areas of high enteropathogen burden, alterations in gut barrier function and subsequent inflammatory effects are observable but remain poorly characterised. Environmental enteropathy (EE)—a condition that affects both gut morphology and function and is characterised by blunted villi, inflammation and increased permeability—is thought to play a role in impaired linear growth (stunting) and severe acute malnutrition. However, the lack of tools to quantitatively characterise gut functional capacity has hampered both our understanding of gut pathogenesis in undernutrition and evaluation of gut-targeted therapies to accelerate nutritional recovery. Here we survey the technology landscape for potential solutions to improve assessment of gut function, focussing on devices that could be deployed at point-of-care in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We assess the potential for technological innovation to assess gut morphology, function, barrier integrity and immune response in undernutrition, and highlight the approaches that are currently most suitable for deployment and development. This article focuses on EE and undernutrition in LMICs, but many of these technologies may also become useful in monitoring of other gut pathologies.
AU - Thompson,A
AU - Bourke,C
AU - Robertson,R
AU - Shivakumar,N
AU - Edwards,C
AU - Preston,T
AU - Holmes,E
AU - Paul,K
AU - Gary,F
AU - Douglas,M
DO - 10.1136/gutjnl-2020-323609
EP - 1594
PY - 2021///
SN - 0017-5749
SP - 1580
TI - Understanding the role of the gut in undernutrition: what can technology tell us?
T2 - Gut
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2020-323609
UR - https://gut.bmj.com/content/early/2021/06/07/gutjnl-2020-323609
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/89623
VL - 70
ER -