Imperial College London

Jupiter mission reaches next milestone as Imperial instrument is ready to test

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Artist's impression of the JUICE mission exploring the Jupiter system

Artist's impression of the JUICE mission exploring the Jupiter system

Imperial scientists have sent their prototype magnetometer to ESA for testing, before building the final model for a mission to Jupiter.

The European Space Agency (ESA) JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE) mission is due to launch in 2022, and on board will be an Imperial-made magnetometer.

The magnetometer will measure the magnetic environment the spacecraft encounters, and in particular will study the magnetic field of Ganymede. The largest moon in the solar system, Ganymede is the only moon known to produce its own magnetic field.

Beneath its thick icy crust, Ganymede is suspected to have an ocean, which the magnetometer can help to characterise.

JUICE magnetometer principal investigator professor Michele Dougherty explains the mission of the instrument
JUICE magnetometer principal investigator professor Michele Dougherty explains the mission of the instrument









The magnetometer has to be very sensitive and cannot be affected by any magnetic fields created by the spacecraft itself. For this reason, it will be fixed to the end of the longest boom ESA have made for a spacecraft – sticking out over ten metres from the main body.

The team are already testing the sensitivity of their model magnetometer, using equipment that create magnetic fields.

Instrument Engineer Richard Baughen inspects the magnetometer before it goes into the testing drum
Instrument Engineer Richard Baughen inspects the magnetometer before it goes into the testing drum

Senior Instrument Manager Patrick Brown said: “Our magnetometer and the spacecraft will face a tough environment around Jupiter.

“We’re excited to be part of this ambitious project for ESA, which involves institutions all across Europe and the US. Kit built here at Imperial will join other instruments sent across the solar system, from the recently completed Cassini mission to Saturn to the upcoming Solar Orbiter mission to the sun.”

Senior Instrument Manager Patrick Brown discusses the main processing component of the magnetometer (bottom left)
Senior Instrument Manager Patrick Brown discusses the main processing component of the magnetometer (bottom left)

The Imperial team have finished their ‘engineering model’ of the magnetometer system, and today delivered it to Airbus in Toulouse, where the first tests of linkups between the instruments and a main mock spacecraft body will take place.

Next, they will build a ‘qualification model’, which will go through even more rigorous testing, such as simulation of the intense vibrations the craft will be subject to on launch, and simulation of the extreme temperature swings it will face out in space.

Members of the magnetometer team work on the next model
Members of the magnetometer team work on the next model









It will also be able to survive the intense radiation environment around Jupiter, which is worse even than for spacecraft flying close to the sun, as the moon Io is volcanically active and spews material into the environment that can affect the craft.

Finally, alongside the ‘qualification model’ the team will build the final ‘flight model’, which will be mounted on the spacecraft to begin its journey to Jupiter.

Reporters

Hayley Dunning

Hayley Dunning
Communications and Public Affairs

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Contact details

Tel: +44 (0)20 7594 2412
Email: h.dunning@imperial.ac.uk

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Thomas Angus [Photographer]

Thomas Angus [Photographer]
Communications and Public Affairs

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Contact details

Tel: +44 (0)7714 051 684
Email: t.angus@imperial.ac.uk

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