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    Baxter W, Aurisicchio M, Childs PRN,

    Tear Here: the Impact of Object Transformations on Proper Disposal

    , IAPRI 20th World Conference on Packaging

    Efforts promoting proper disposal of packaging generally focus on infrastructure and messaging. Significantly less attention has been given to how the attributes of packaging can be used to change disposal behaviour. This research shows how changes in packaging attributes (e.g. alterations in shape, colour, or size) influence two disposal behaviours: recycling and littering. Specifically, we use an implicit association test to measure the subconscious tendency to categorize altered objects as trash rather than recycling. The results indicate that 82% or respondents showed at least a slight effect and 53% showed a strong effect towards associating altered objects with waste. Next, we evaluate object transformations on littering behaviour through an observational field study. Observations (N = 2823) indicated that littering is influenced by deformed, torn, disassembled, and partially full packaging. No significant effect was found with regard to packaging that is wet, sticky, has undergone colour changes or that is has remains (e.g. sauce) on it. These findings suggest that the (re)design of packaging can significantly influence proper disposal. Based on this, packaging can be (re)designed in two ways. First, many types of packaging have scripted alterations such as the iconic ‘tear here’ indicator. These can be changed to preserve properties associated with recyclables and non-littering. Second, packaging can be designed so that there are fewer alterations during use. This work can also help identify inherent attributes that encourage proper disposal.

    Aurino E, 2017,

    Do boys eat better than girls in India? Longitudinal evidence on dietary diversity and food consumption disparities among children and adolescents

    , ECONOMICS & HUMAN BIOLOGY, Vol: 25, Pages: 99-111, ISSN: 1570-677X
    Aurino E, Fernandes M, Penny ME, 2017,

    The nutrition transition and adolescents' diets in low- and middle-income countries: a cross-cohort comparison

    , PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, Vol: 20, Pages: 72-81, ISSN: 1368-9800
    Baxter WL, childs PRN, 2017,

    Designing Circular Possessions

    , The Routledge Handbook of Sustainable Product Design, Editors: Chapman

    The notion of possession is one of the most fundamental concepts that guide everyday behaviour. Paradoxically, it is often poorly understood. This is particularly true in a circular context where consumer interactions with possessions are being altered and in some cases redefined. Thus, an understanding of possession serves as a useful, if not necessary, prerequisite to designing circular products, services and systems. This chapter explores the idea of possession: what it is, how an object becomes one and why it is important for the circular economy. Possession is understood through a human-centred lens that considers the consumer’s state of mind towards and relationship with an object. A state of possessiveness can be attained for material or immaterial objects and for objects that may or may not legally belong to the person. The discussion is presented within a design framework that discusses the motives and routes that lead to the state of possession. This framework is substantiated by looking at affordance principles and paths associated with possession. Each section includes a theoretical discussion as well as practical examples and insights that can be incorporated into the product design process itself. This chapter aids in understanding interactions relevant to the circular economy such as the maintenance and care that comes with object attachment and adoption of access-based consumption models. Understanding and designing for these desired interactions should be the first priority of designers followed by an establishment of laws, regulations and policies to support them.

    Brooks L, Viardot A, Tsakmaki A, Stolarczyk E, Howard JK, Cani PD, Everard A, Sleeth ML, Psichas A, Anastasovskaj J, Bell JD, Bell-Anderson K, Mackay CR, Ghatei MA, Bloom SR, Frost G, Bewick GAet al., 2017,

    Fermentable carbohydrate stimulates FFAR2-dependent colonic PYY cell expansion to increase satiety

    , MOLECULAR METABOLISM, Vol: 6, Pages: 48-60, ISSN: 2212-8778
    Galizzi MM, Miraldo M, 2017,

    Are You What You Eat? Healthy Behaviour and Risk Preferences

    Garcia-Perez I, Posma JM, Gibson R, Chambers ES, Hansen TH, Vestergaard H, Hansen T, Beckmann M, Pedersen O, Elliott P, Stamler J, Nicholson JK, Draper J, Mathers JC, Holmes E, Frost Get al., 2017,

    Objective assessment of dietary patterns by use of metabolic phenotyping: a randomised, controlled, crossover trial

    , LANCET DIABETES & ENDOCRINOLOGY, Vol: 5, Pages: 184-195, ISSN: 2213-8587
    Mohammed MAP, Wanigasooriya L, Chakrabarti-Bell S, Charalambides MNet al., 2017,

    Extrusion of unleavened bread dough: Experiments and simulations

    , JOURNAL OF RHEOLOGY, Vol: 61, Pages: 49-65, ISSN: 0148-6055
    Picchioni F, Aurino E, Aleksandrowicz L, Bruce M, Chesterman S, Dominguez-Salas P, Gersten Z, Kalamatianou S, Turner C, Yates Jet al., 2017,

    Roads to interdisciplinarity - working at the nexus among food systems, nutrition and health

    , FOOD SECURITY, Vol: 9, Pages: 181-189, ISSN: 1876-4517
    Sassi F, 2017,


    , ADDICTION, Vol: 112, Pages: 569-570, ISSN: 0965-2140

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