Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Chemical Engineering

Reader in Energy Systems



+44 (0)20 7594 9300a.hawkes




Ms Quasirat Hasnat +44 (0)20 7594 7250




C502Roderic Hill BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Vijay, A and Hawkes, A},
doi = {10.1016/},
journal = {Energy},
pages = {874--886},
title = {Impact of dynamic aspects on economics of fuel cell based micro co-generation in low carbon futures},
url = {},
volume = {155},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - This article evaluates the impact of a range of dynamic performance parameters on the techno-economics of fuel cell based micro co-generation. The main novelties in methodology are: (1) Analysis in the context of future power system decarbonisation, (2) Use of the Long Run Marginal Cost of electricity, (3) Combination of the above with dynamic aspects such as start-up cost, ramping limit, turn down ratio, minimum up time and minimum down time and (4) Identification of sensitive parameters for future research. To this end it combines a national level energy systems model with an individual heating system model. A case study of the United Kingdom is considered for the year 2035. Economic viability of fuel cell based micro co-generation hinges upon the use of an optimized control strategy. With such a control strategy, a hot start-up approach offers much greater economic potential than a cold start-up approach. The best case ratio of maximum allowable hot standby power to the nominal value is 4.2 while the ratio for cold start is only 1.1. Combinations involving low ramping limits less than 70W/min and limited turn down ratios above 35% need to be avoided as they seriously hinder economic performance.
AU - Vijay,A
AU - Hawkes,A
DO - 10.1016/
EP - 886
PY - 2018///
SN - 0360-5442
SP - 874
TI - Impact of dynamic aspects on economics of fuel cell based micro co-generation in low carbon futures
T2 - Energy
UR -
UR -
VL - 155
ER -