Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Chemical Engineering

Reader in Energy Systems



+44 (0)20 7594 9300a.hawkes




Ms Quasirat Hasnat +44 (0)20 7594 7250




C502Roderic Hill BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Staffell, I and Brett, D and Brandon, N and Hawkes, A},
doi = {10.1039/C2EE22653G},
journal = {Energy & Environmental Science},
pages = {9291--9306},
title = {A review of domestic heat pumps},
url = {},
volume = {5},
year = {2012}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Heat pumps are a promising technology for heating (and cooling) domestic buildings that provide exceptionally high efficiencies compared with fossil fuel combustion. There are in the region of a billion heat pumps in use world-wide, but despite their maturity they are a relatively new technology to many regions. This article gives an overview of the state-of-the-art technologies and the practical issues faced when installing and operating them. It focuses on the performance obtained in real-world operation, surveying the published efficiency figures for hundreds of air source and ground source heat pumps (ASHP and GSHP), and presenting a method to relate these to results from recent UK and German field trials. It also covers commercial aspects of the technologies, the typical savings in primary energy usage, carbon dioxide emissions abatement that can be realised, and wider implications of their uptake.
AU - Staffell,I
AU - Brett,D
AU - Brandon,N
AU - Hawkes,A
DO - 10.1039/C2EE22653G
EP - 9306
PY - 2012///
SN - 1754-5692
SP - 9291
TI - A review of domestic heat pumps
T2 - Energy & Environmental Science
UR -
VL - 5
ER -