Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Mechanical Engineering

Distinguished Research Fellow



+44 (0)20 7594 7066a.v.olver




691City and Guilds BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Vladescu, S-C and Medina, S and Olver, AV and Pegg, IG and Reddyhoff, T},
doi = {10.1007/s11249-016-0669-8},
journal = {Tribology Letters},
title = {The Transient Friction Response of a Laser-Textured, Reciprocating Contact to the Entrainment of Individual Pockets},
url = {},
volume = {62},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - To shed light on the mechanisms with which surface texture improves the tribological performance of piston–liner contacts, we have measured the transient friction response as individual pockets pass through a reciprocating sliding contact. Tests were performed at different sliding speeds and results compared to those from a non-textured, reference specimen under different lubrication regimes. At low speed when the contact is in the boundary regime, friction force falls abruptly as each pocket leaves the contact zone, before gradually returning to an approximately steady-state value. This suggests that each pocket acts to temporarily increase the film thickness, which then decays to its non-textured value as oil is squeezed out. At higher speeds, friction is seen to reduce in a stepwise fashion, since the period between pockets being entrained is less than the time taken for the film to decay. In addition, friction results obtained when the contact is operating in the middle of the mixed regime point to a temporary film thickness collapse as the pocket enters the contact, and this agrees with recent modelling predictions. At higher speeds, the compound effect of successive pockets is to shift the contact to the right on Stribeck curve. These results imply that each pocket gives rise to an increase in film thickness that is both short-lived and small in magnitude (we estimate a few tens of nm). However, the resulting effect on friction can be significant (up to 82 % in this study) for two reasons: (1) provided the pocket frequency is sufficiently high, each successive pocket entrainment builds the film up without there being time for it to reduce back to its steady-state value; (2) when the contact is in the mixed regime, the Stribeck curve is at its steepest and friction is therefore most sensitive to film thickness changes. This has important practical implications in that pocket spacing on piston liners should be varied as a function of reciprocating sliding
AU - Vladescu,S-C
AU - Medina,S
AU - Olver,AV
AU - Pegg,IG
AU - Reddyhoff,T
DO - 10.1007/s11249-016-0669-8
PY - 2016///
SN - 1573-2711
TI - The Transient Friction Response of a Laser-Textured, Reciprocating Contact to the Entrainment of Individual Pockets
T2 - Tribology Letters
UR -
UR -
VL - 62
ER -