Imperial College London

DrAudreyde Nazelle

Faculty of Natural SciencesCentre for Environmental Policy

Senior Lecturer



+44 (0)20 7594 7319anazelle Website




20416 Prince's GardensSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Gascon, M and Götschi, T and de, Nazelle A and Gracia, E and Ambròs, A and Márquez, S and Marquet, O and Avila-Palencia, I and Brand, C and Iacorossi, F and Raser, E and Gaupp-Berghausen, M and Dons, E and Laeremans, M and Kahlmeier, S and Sánchez, J and Gerike, R and Anaya-Boig, E and Panis, LI and Nieuwenhuijsen, M},
doi = {10.1289/EHP4603},
journal = {Environmental Health Perspectives},
pages = {097003--1--097003--13},
title = {Correlates of walking for travel in seven European cities: The PASTA project.},
url = {},
volume = {127},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BACKGROUND: Although walking for travel can help in reaching the daily recommended levels of physical activity, we know relatively little about the correlates of walking for travel in the European context. OBJECTIVE: Within the framework of the European Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA) project, we aimed to explore the correlates of walking for travel in European cities. METHODS: The same protocol was applied in seven European cities. Using a web-based questionnaire, we collected information on total minutes of walking per week, individual characteristics, mobility behavior, and attitude ( N = 7,875 ). Characteristics of the built environment (the home and the work/study addresses) were determined with geographic information system (GIS)-based techniques. We conducted negative binomial regression analyses, including city as a random effect. Factor and principal component analyses were also conducted to define profiles of the different variables of interest. RESULTS: Living in high-density residential areas with richness of facilities and density of public transport stations was associated with increased walking for travel, whereas the same characteristics at the work/study area were less strongly associated with the outcome when the residential and work/study environments were entered in the model jointly. A walk-friendly social environment was associated with walking for travel. All three factors describing different opinions about walking (ranging from good to bad) were associated with increased minutes of walking per week, although the importance given to certain criteria to choose a mode of transport provided different results according to the criteria. DISCUSSION: The present study supports findings from previous research regarding the role of the built environment in the promotion o
AU - Gascon,M
AU - Götschi,T
AU - de,Nazelle A
AU - Gracia,E
AU - Ambròs,A
AU - Márquez,S
AU - Marquet,O
AU - Avila-Palencia,I
AU - Brand,C
AU - Iacorossi,F
AU - Raser,E
AU - Gaupp-Berghausen,M
AU - Dons,E
AU - Laeremans,M
AU - Kahlmeier,S
AU - Sánchez,J
AU - Gerike,R
AU - Anaya-Boig,E
AU - Panis,LI
AU - Nieuwenhuijsen,M
DO - 10.1289/EHP4603
EP - 1
PY - 2019///
SN - 0091-6765
SP - 097003
TI - Correlates of walking for travel in seven European cities: The PASTA project.
T2 - Environmental Health Perspectives
UR -
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 127
ER -