Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Physical Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5831anthony Website




Mr Stuart Haylock +44 (0)20 7594 5717




433ChemistrySouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Parra-Puerto, A and Ng, KL and Fahy, K and Goode, AE and Ryan, MP and Kucernak, A},
doi = {10.1021/acscatal.9b03359},
journal = {ACS Catalysis},
pages = {11515--11529},
title = {Supported transition metal phosphides: Activity survey for HER, ORR, OER and corrosion resistance in acid and alkaline electrolytes},
url = {},
volume = {9},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Carbon supported MxPy (M = Ni, Co, W, Cr and Mo) were prepared via pyrolysis using a very simple and scalable method utilizing non-toxic metal and phosphorous precursors. The electrochemical hydrogen evolution (HER), oxygen reduction (ORR), and oxygen evolution (OER) reactions and corrosion resistance under both acid and alkaline conditions were examined for all these catalysts and compared to the benchmark catalysts Pt/C (HER/ORR) and IrO2(OER). The highest activities were found in alkaline solutions for Co2P for HER and ORR and Ni2P for OER. Good activity for these was also found in acid for some of these reactions, although the catalysts suffered from susceptibility to corrosion. Co2P was further studied in an alkaline environment as it shows high catalytic activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) without significant hysteresis. The onset potential (at 0.5 mA cm-2) obtained was 0.8 V and a Tafel slope value of 38 mV dec-1 with a maximum kinetic mass activity of 2870 A gCo-1 at 0.7 V (RHE). Utilising high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) it is possible to observe high-surface area needle-like single crystal cobalt oxide structures on the surfaces of the Co2P particles at the beginning of the ORR. Hence the high rates of initial corrosion of the Co2P identified appear to be associated with the dissolution and precipitation of Cobalt oxide on the particle surface. The as-synthesised Co2P/C also shows good performance in an 8-hour stability test for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction (OER), carried out at 1.6 V vs. RHE in alkaline conditions, with negligible drop in current density over time. Interestingly, in an acidic environment the catalyst is very active towards 2-electron- oxygen reduction leading to H2O2 with high selectivity (85%). It is intriguing that the pH dependence on this catalyst towards the ORR is similar to that seen for gold.
AU - Parra-Puerto,A
AU - Ng,KL
AU - Fahy,K
AU - Goode,AE
AU - Ryan,MP
AU - Kucernak,A
DO - 10.1021/acscatal.9b03359
EP - 11529
PY - 2019///
SN - 2155-5435
SP - 11515
TI - Supported transition metal phosphides: Activity survey for HER, ORR, OER and corrosion resistance in acid and alkaline electrolytes
T2 - ACS Catalysis
UR -
UR -
VL - 9
ER -