Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Medicine

Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer



+44 (0)20 3311 7042b.seemungal




Miss Lorna Stevenson +44 (0)20 3313 5525




10L17Lab BlockCharing Cross Campus






BibTex format

author = {Papathanasiou, ES and Cronin, T and Seemungal, B and Sandhu, J},
doi = {10.1177/2059700218812634},
journal = {Journal of Concussion},
title = {Electrophysiological testing in concussion: A guide to clinical applications},
url = {},
volume = {2},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury in concussion is difficult since it is often unwitnessed, the patient’s recall is unreliable and initial clinical examination is often unrevealing, correlating poorly with the extent of brain injury. At present, there are no objective biomarkers of mild traumatic brain injury in concussion. Thus, a sensitive gold standard test is required to enable the effective and safe triage of patients who present to the acute services. As well as triage, objective monitoring of patients’ recovery over time and separate from clinical features that patients may develop following the injury (e.g. depression and migraine) is also needed. In contrast to neuroimaging, which is widely used to investigate traumatic brain injury patients, electrophysiology is readily available, is cheap and there are internationally recognized standardised methodologies. Herein, we review the existing literature on electrophysiological testing in concussion and mild traumatic brain injury; specifically, electroencephalogram, polysomnography, brainstem auditory evoked potentials, electro- and videonystagmography, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials, visually evoked potentials, somatosensory evoked potentials and transcranial magnetic stimulation.
AU - Papathanasiou,ES
AU - Cronin,T
AU - Seemungal,B
AU - Sandhu,J
DO - 10.1177/2059700218812634
PY - 2018///
SN - 2059-7002
TI - Electrophysiological testing in concussion: A guide to clinical applications
T2 - Journal of Concussion
UR -
UR -
VL - 2
ER -