Imperial College London

Dr Boris F. Ochoa-Tocachi

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Research Associate



+44 (0)20 7594 6018boris.ochoa13 CV




411Skempton BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Bonnesoeur, V and Locatelli, B and Guariguata, MR and Ochoa-Tocachi, BF and Vanacker, V and Mao, Z and Stokes, A and Mathez-Stiefel, S-L},
doi = {10.1016/j.foreco.2018.11.033},
journal = {Forest Ecology and Management},
pages = {569--584},
title = {Impacts of forests and forestation on hydrological services in the Andes: A systematic review},
url = {},
volume = {433},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Several Andean countries have planned to restore forest cover in degraded land to enhance the provision of multiple ecosystem services in response to international commitments such as the Bonn Challenge. Hydrological services, e.g. water supply, hydrological regulation and erosion mitigation, are particularly important to sustain the life of more than fifty million Andean people. While rapid and important forest cover changes have occurred during recent decades, critical information on the impact of forestation on hydrological services has not yet been synthesized in the context of Andean ecosystems. We define forestation as the establishment of forest by plantation or natural regeneration on areas that either had forest in the past or not. To help improve decision-making on forestation in the Andes, we reviewed the available literature concerning the impacts of forestation on water supply, hydrological regulation and mitigation of erosion and landslides. We also examined available data on the most relevant hydrological processes such as infiltration, evapotranspiration and runoff in forest stands. Hydrological services from native forests were also included as a reference state for comparing processes and services provided by forestation. Following systematic review protocols, we synthesized 155 studies using different methods, including meta-analyses and meta-regressions. Results show that forestation has had clear impacts on degraded soils, through reducing water erosion of soils and risk of moderate floods, increasing soil infiltration rate by 8 and topsoil organic matter (SOM). We found that 20years of tree plantation was sufficient to recover infiltration rate and sediment yield close to the levels of native forests whereas SOM, soil water storage and surface runoff of native forests could not be recovered by forestation in the time scales examined. The benefits in terms of hydrological regulation are at the expense of a reduction in total water supply since
AU - Bonnesoeur,V
AU - Locatelli,B
AU - Guariguata,MR
AU - Ochoa-Tocachi,BF
AU - Vanacker,V
AU - Mao,Z
AU - Stokes,A
AU - Mathez-Stiefel,S-L
DO - 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.11.033
EP - 584
PY - 2019///
SN - 0378-1127
SP - 569
TI - Impacts of forests and forestation on hydrological services in the Andes: A systematic review
T2 - Forest Ecology and Management
UR -
UR -
VL - 433
ER -