Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Medicine

Chair of Immunology



+44 (0)20 7594 3730c.bangham Website




Ms Linda Hollick +44 (0)20 7594 3729




115Wright Fleming WingSt Mary's Campus





BA Cambridge 1976
BM, BCh Oxford 1980
MRCP (UK) 1983
PhD 1987
FRC Path 1999
Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (2003)
ScD Cambridge 2006

During my medical training I carried out studies on lung function, genetic polymorphisms, endocrine function and demography in high altitude populations in Nepal. In my PhD I established a model of respiratory syncytial (RS) virus infection in the mouse, and studied the T lymphocyte response to RS virus first in the mouse and then in the human.

Since 1987 I have studied the immune response to persistent virus infections, in particular infection with the human T-cell leukaemia virus (HTLV-I). Our aim is to produce a comprehensive, coherent, qualitative and quantitative understanding of the persistence of HTLV-I and the immune response to HTLV-I, and an explanation of why certain individuals infected with HTLV-I develop fatal or disabling diseases while the majority remain asymptomatic. We use a broad range of techniques in molecular and cellular immunology, viral and host genetics, cell biology, DNA expression microarrays, proteomics and mathematics.


Manivannan K, Rowan AG, Tanaka Y, et al., 2016, yy CADM1/TSLC1 Identifies HTLV-1-Infected Cells and Determines Their Susceptibility to CTL-Mediated Lysis, Plos Pathogens, Vol:12, ISSN:1553-7366

Cook LBM, Melamed A, Demontis MA, et al., 2016, Rapid dissemination of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 during primary infection in transplant recipients, Retrovirology, Vol:13, ISSN:1742-4690

Satou Y, Miyazato P, Ishihara K, et al., 2016, The retrovirus HTLV-1 inserts an ectopic CTCF-binding site into the human genome, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol:113, ISSN:0027-8424, Pages:3054-3059

Laydon DJ, Bangham CRM, Asquith B, 2015, Estimating T-cell repertoire diversity: limitations of classical estimators and a new approach, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-biological Sciences, Vol:370, ISSN:0962-8436

Rockwood N, Cook L, Kagdi H, et al., 2015, Immune Compromise in HIV-1/HTLV-1 Coinfection With Paradoxical Resolution of CD4 Lymphocytosis During Antiretroviral Therapy A Case Report, Medicine, Vol:94, ISSN:0025-7974

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