Imperial College London

Dr Charlotte Dean

Faculty of MedicineNational Heart & Lung Institute

Senior Lecturer



+44 (0)20 7594 3174c.dean




360Sir Alexander Fleming BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Ng-Blichfeldt, JP and Alçada, J and Montero, MA and Dean, CH and Griesenbach, U and Griffiths, MJ and Hind, M},
doi = {10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-208846},
journal = {Thorax},
pages = {510--521},
title = {Deficient retinoid-driven angiogenesis may contribute to failure of adult human lung regeneration in emphysema},
url = {},
volume = {72},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BACKGROUND: Molecular pathways that regulate alveolar development and adult repair represent potential therapeutic targets for emphysema. Signalling via retinoic acid (RA), derived from vitamin A, is required for mammalian alveologenesis, and exogenous RA can induce alveolar regeneration in rodents. Little is known about RA signalling in the human lung and its potential role in lung disease. OBJECTIVES: To examine regulation of human alveolar epithelial and endothelial repair by RA, and characterise RA signalling in human emphysema. METHODS: The role of RA signalling in alveolar epithelial repair was investigated with a scratch assay using an alveolar cell line (A549) and primary human alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells from resected lung, and the role in angiogenesis using a tube formation assay with human lung microvascular endothelial cells (HLMVEC). Localisation of RA synthetic (RALDH-1) and degrading (cytochrome P450 subfamily 26 A1 (CYP26A1)) enzymes in human lung was determined by immunofluorescence. Regulation of RA pathway components was investigated in emphysematous and control human lung tissue by quantitative real-time PCR and Western analysis. RESULTS: RA stimulated HLMVEC angiogenesis in vitro; this was partially reproduced with a RAR-α agonist. RA induced mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and VEGFR2. RA did not modulate AT2 repair. CYP26A1 protein was identified in human lung microvasculature, whereas RALDH-1 partially co-localised with vimentin-positive fibroblasts. CYP26A1 mRNA and protein were increased in emphysema. CONCLUSIONS: RA regulates lung microvascular angiogenesis; the endothelium produces CYP26A1 which is increased in emphysema, possibly leading to reduced RA availability. These data highlight a role for RA in maintenance of the human pulmonary microvascular endothelium.
AU - Ng-Blichfeldt,JP
AU - Alçada,J
AU - Montero,MA
AU - Dean,CH
AU - Griesenbach,U
AU - Griffiths,MJ
AU - Hind,M
DO - 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-208846
EP - 521
PY - 2017///
SN - 0040-6376
SP - 510
TI - Deficient retinoid-driven angiogenesis may contribute to failure of adult human lung regeneration in emphysema
T2 - Thorax
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 72
ER -