Imperial College London

Professor Christopher Jackson

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Professor of Basin Analysis
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 7450c.jackson Website

 
 
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Location

 

1.46ARoyal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

146 results found

Coleman AJ, Jackson CA-L, Duffy OB, Nikolinakou MAet al., 2018, How, where, and when do radial faults grow near salt diapirs?, Geology, ISSN: 0091-7613

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dmitrieva E, Jackson CA-L, Huuse M, Kane IAet al., 2018, Regional distribution and controls on the development of post-rift turbidite systems: insights from the Paleocene of the eastern North Viking Graben, offshore Norway, 8th Petroleum Geology Conference (PGC), Publisher: GEOLOGICAL SOC PUBLISHING HOUSE, Pages: 147-170, ISSN: 2047-9921

CONFERENCE PAPER

Duffy OB, Dooley TP, Hudec MR, Jackson MPA, Fernandez N, Jackson CA-L, Soto JIet al., 2018, Structural Evolution of Salt-Influenced Fold-and-Thrust belts: A Synthesis and New Insights From Basins Containing Isolated Salt Diapirs, Journal of Structural Geology, ISSN: 0191-8141

Lateral shortening is expressed in unique ways in salt basins, especially if pre-shortening diapirs are present. We present an overview and new 3-D conceptual models capturing the evolution of shortening structures formed in salt provinces dominated by precursor isolated diapirs (termed isolated-diapir provinces). In such provinces, isolated diapirs form only a minor volumetric component of a sedimentary basin, however, due to the relative weakness of rock salt and their ability to localize strain, during shortening they have a disproportionately large influence on structural development. We find three key mechanical principles govern the processes and structural styles developed during shortening of isolated-diapir provinces. First, salt diapirs shorten before surrounding sedimentary rocks due to their relative weakness, and so form salients in the thrust front during early shortening. Second, diapirs tend to nucleate folds and faults, which radiate out from the diapirs. Third, as diapir walls converge, the roof must shorten. Extrusive salt sheets are expelled through thin roofs, but thicker roofs resist piercement and so tend to undergo complex folding and faulting. As a result of these principles, the first-order controls on the structural styles expressed across a shortened isolated-diapir province are the pre-shortening configuration of diapirs, the connectivity of the diapirs prior to shortening, total strain magnitude, and diapir roof thickness. Second-order controls include the initial cross-sectional and map-view geometry of diapirs, diapir size, and diapir orientation with respect to the shortening direction.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ortiz-Karpf A, Hodgson DM, Jackson CA-L, McCaffrey WDet al., 2018, Mass-transport complexes as markers of deep-water fold-and-thrust belt evolution: insights from the southern Magdalena fan, offshore Colombia, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 30, Pages: 65-88, ISSN: 0950-091X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Patruno S, Reid W, Jackson CA-L, Davies Cet al., 2018, New insights into the unexploited reservoir potential of the Mid North Sea High (UKCS quadrants 35-38 and 41-43): a newly described intra-Zechstein sulphate-carbonate platform complex, 8th Petroleum Geology Conference (PGC), Publisher: GEOLOGICAL SOC PUBLISHING HOUSE, Pages: 87-124, ISSN: 2047-9921

CONFERENCE PAPER

Phillips TB, Magee C, Jackson CA-L, Bell REet al., 2018, Determining the three-dimensional geometry of a dike swarm and its impact on later rift geometry using seismic reflection data, GEOLOGY, Vol: 46, Pages: 119-122, ISSN: 0091-7613

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rodriguez CR, Jackson CA-L, Rotevatn A, Bell RE, Francis Met al., 2018, Dual tectonic-climatic controls on salt giant deposition in the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil, GEOSPHERE, Vol: 14, Pages: 215-242, ISSN: 1553-040X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Alqahtani FA, Jackson CA-L, Johnson HD, Som MRBet al., 2017, CONTROLS ON THE GEOMETRY AND EVOLUTION OF HUMID-TROPICAL FLUVIAL SYSTEMS: INSIGHTS FROM 3D SEISMIC GEOMORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MALAY BASIN, SUNDA SHELF, SOUTHEAST ASIA, JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, Vol: 87, Pages: 17-40, ISSN: 1527-1404

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Childs C, Holdsworth RW, Jackson CA-L, Manzocchi T, Walsh JJ, Yielding Get al., 2017, Introduction to the geometry and growth of normal faults, Geometry and Growth of Normal Faults, Publisher: Geological Society of London, Pages: 1-9

CONFERENCE PAPER

Claringbould JS, Bell RE, Jackson CA-L, Gawthorpe RL, Odinsen Tet al., 2017, Pre-existing normal faults have limited control on the rift geometry of the northern North Sea, EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, Vol: 475, Pages: 190-206, ISSN: 0012-821X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Coleman AJ, Jackson CA-L, Duffy OB, 2017, Balancing sub- and supra-salt strain in salt-influenced rifts: Implications for extension estimates, JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY, Vol: 102, Pages: 208-225, ISSN: 0191-8141

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Deng C, Fossen H, Gawthorpe RL, Rotevatn A, Jackson CA-L, FazliKhani Het al., 2017, Influence of fault reactivation during multiphase rifting: The Oseberg area, northern North Sea rift, MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, Vol: 86, Pages: 1252-1272, ISSN: 0264-8172

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Duffy OB, Fernandez N, Hudec MR, Jackson MPA, Burg G, Dooley TP, Jackson CA-Let al., 2017, Lateral mobility of minibasins during shortening: Insights from the SE Precaspian Basin, Kazakhstan, JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY, Vol: 97, Pages: 257-276, ISSN: 0191-8141

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Duffy OB, Nixon CW, Bell RE, Jackson CA-L, Gawthorpe RL, Sanderson DJ, Whipp PSet al., 2017, The topology of evolving rift fault networks: Single-phase vs multi-phase rifts, JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY, Vol: 96, Pages: 192-202, ISSN: 0191-8141

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Elliott GM, Jackson CA-L, Gawthorpe RL, Wilson P, Sharp IR, Michelsen Let al., 2017, Late syn-rift evolution of the Vingleia Fault Complex, Halten Terrace, offshore Mid-Norway; a test of rift basin tectono-stratigraphic models, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 29, Pages: 465-487, ISSN: 0950-091X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Fernandez N, Duffy OB, Hudec MR, Jackson MPA, Burg G, Jackson CA-L, Dooley TPet al., 2017, The origin of salt-encased sediment packages: Observations from the SE Precaspian Basin (Kazakhstan), JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY, Vol: 97, Pages: 237-256, ISSN: 0191-8141

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Jackson, Rotevatn A, Tvedt BM, Bell Ret al., 2017, The role of gravitational collapse in controlling the evolution of crestal faults systems (Espirito Santo Basin, SE Brazil) - Discussion, Journal of Structural Geology, Vol: 98, Pages: 95-97, ISSN: 0191-8141

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Jackson CA-L, Holford SP, Magee C, Schofield N, Sun Qet al., 2017, Subsurface expression of igneous systems and their impacts on petroleum systems, Interpretation, Vol: 5, Pages: SKi-SKiii, ISSN: 0020-9635

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lewis MM, Jackson CA-L, Gawthorpe RL, 2017, Tectono-sedimentary development of early syn-rift deposits: the Abura Graben, Suez Rift, Egypt, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 29, Pages: 327-351, ISSN: 0950-091X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Magee C, Bastow ID, de Vries BVW, Jackson CA-L, Hetherington R, Hagos M, Hoggett Met al., 2017, Structure and dynamics of surface uplift induced by incremental sill emplacement, GEOLOGY, Vol: 45, Pages: 431-434, ISSN: 0091-7613

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Magee C, Jackson CA-L, Hardman JP, Reeve MTet al., 2017, Decoding sill emplacement and forced fold growth in the Exmouth Sub-basin, offshore northwest Australia: Implications for hydrocarbon exploration, INTERPRETATION-A JOURNAL OF SUBSURFACE CHARACTERIZATION, Vol: 5, Pages: SK11-SK22, ISSN: 2324-8858

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ortiz-Karpf A, Hodgson DM, Jackson CA-L, McCaffrey WDet al., 2017, INFLUENCE OF SEABED MORPHOLOGY AND SUBSTRATE COMPOSITION ON MASS-TRANSPORT FLOW PROCESSES AND PATHWAYS: INSIGHTS FROM THE MAGDALENA FAN, OFFSHORE COLOMBIA, JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, Vol: 87, Pages: 189-209, ISSN: 1527-1404

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ryan L, Magee C, Jackson CA-L, 2017, The kinematics of normal faults in the Ceduna Subbasin, offshore southern Australia: Implications for hydrocarbon trapping in a frontier basin, AAPG BULLETIN, Vol: 101, Pages: 321-341, ISSN: 0149-1423

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Schmiedel T, Kjoberg S, Planke S, Magee C, Galland O, Schofield N, Jackson CA-L, Jerram DAet al., 2017, Mechanisms of overburden deformation associated with the emplacement of the Tulipan Sill, mid-Norwegian margin, Interpretation, Vol: 5, Pages: SK23-SK38, ISSN: 0020-9635

The emplacement of igneous intrusions into sedimentary basins mechanically deforms the host rocks and causes hydrocarbon maturation. Existing models of host-rock deformation are investigated using high-quality 3D seismic and industry well data in the western Møre Basin offshore mid-Norway. The models include synemplacement (e.g., elastic bending-related active uplift and volume reduction of metamorphic aureoles) and postemplacement (e.g., differential compaction) mechanisms. We use the seismic interpretations of five horizons in the Cretaceous-Paleogene sequence (Springar, Tang, and Tare Formations) to analyze the host rock deformation induced by the emplacement of the underlying saucer-shaped Tulipan sill. The results show that the sill, emplaced between 55.8 and 54.9 Ma, is responsible for the overlying dome structure observed in the seismic data. Isochron maps of the deformed sediments, as well as deformation of the younger postemplacement sediments, document a good match between the spatial distribution of the dome and the periphery of the sill. The thickness t of the Tulipan is less than 100 m, whereas the amplitude f of the overlying dome ranges between 30 and 70 m. Spectral decomposition maps highlight the distribution of fractures in the upper part of the dome. These fractures are observed in between hydrothermal vent complexes in the outer parts of the dome structure. The 3D seismic horizon interpretation and volume rendering visualization of the Tulipan sill reveal fingers and an overall saucer-shaped geometry. We conclude that a combination of different mechanisms of overburden deformation, including (1) elastic bending, (2) shear failure, and (3) differential compaction, is responsible for the synemplacement formation and the postemplacement modification of the observed dome structure in the Tulipan area.Read More: https://library.seg.org/doi/abs/10.1190/INT-2016-0155.1

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Schofield N, Holford S, Millett J, Brown D, Jolley D, Passey SR, Muirhead D, Grove C, Magee C, Murray J, Hole M, Jackson CA-L, Stevenson Cet al., 2017, Regional magma plumbing and emplacement mechanisms of the Faroe-Shetland Sill Complex: implications for magma transport and petroleum systems within sedimentary basins, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 29, Pages: 41-63, ISSN: 0950-091X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Suleiman AA, Magee C, Jackson CA-L, Fraser AJet al., 2017, Igneous activity in the Bornu Basin, Onshore NE Nigeria; implications for opening of the South Atlantic, Journal of the Geological Society, Vol: 174, Pages: 667-678, ISSN: 0016-7649

The structure of igneous plumbing systems in circum-South Atlantic, intra-continental rift basins (e.g. the West and Central African Rift Systems) remains enigmatic owing to poor subsurface data coverage and quality. How magmatism in these basins related to the opening of the South Atlantic is thus poorly understood. We integrate 2D and 3D seismic reflection data (c. 27 600 km2), data from 23 boreholes, and field observations from the Bornu Basin and Upper Benue Trough, onshore NE Nigeria, to examine the timing and development of igneous bodies possibly related to opening of the South Atlantic. We identify numerous sills, which typically have saucer-shaped and en echelon morphologies, and extrusive volcanic cones. The igneous rocks are alkali basalts and dolerites. Seismic-stratigraphic relationships indicate that emplacement occurred in the Early Cretaceous (Albian to Cenomanian; c. 120 Ma), Late Cretaceous (Santonian to early Campanian; c. 83 Ma) and Cenozoic (Miocene; c. 22 Ma). Magmatism was broadly coeval with major plate boundary interactions, characterized by major azimuthal changes in fracture zones in the developing South Atlantic Ocean. The broad temporal correlation between intra-continental rift basin magmatism and plate boundary interactions suggests that periods of magma emplacement may have, in some way, been instigated by stress dissipation into intra-continental rift basins.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Turrini L, Jackson CA-L, Thompson P, 2017, Seal rock deformation by polygonal faulting, offshore Uruguay, MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, Vol: 86, Pages: 892-907, ISSN: 0264-8172

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Wrona T, Jackson CA-L, Huuse M, Taylor KGet al., 2017, Silica diagenesis in Cenozoic mudstones of the North Viking Graben: physical properties and basin modelling, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 29, Pages: 556-575, ISSN: 0950-091X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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