Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Chemical Engineering

Professor of Clean Energy Technologies



+44 (0)20 7594 1601c.markides Website




404ACE ExtensionSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Acha, S and Mariaud, A and Shah, N and Markides, CN},
title = {Optimal design and operation of low-carbon energy technologies in commercial buildings},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - © 2017 IMEKO Non-domestic buildings are large energy consumers and present many opportunities with which to enhance the way they produce and consume electricity, heating and cooling. If energy system integration is feasible, this can lead to significant reductions in energy use and emissions associated with building operations. Due to their diverse energy requirements, a broad range of technologies in flexible solutions need to be evaluated to identify the best alternative. This paper presents an integrated energy-systems model that optimizes the selection and operation of distributed technologies for commercial buildings. The framework consists of a comprehensive technology database, half-hourly electricity cost profiles, conventional fuel costs and building features. This data is applied to a mixed-integer linear programming model that optimizes the design and operation of installed technologies based on a range of financial and environmental criteria. The model aims to guide decision makers in making attractive investments that are technically feasible and environmentally sound. A case study of a food distribution centre in the UK is presented to illustrate the economic and environmental benefits the proposed integrated energy systems model could bring against a business as usual (BaU) approach. The technology portfolio considered in the case study includes combined heat and power (CHP) and organic Rankine cycle (ORC) engines, absorption chillers, photovoltaic (PV) panels, and battery systems. The results clearly illustrate the different outcomes and trade-offs that can emerge when stakeholders champion different technologies instead of making an exhaustive assessment. Overall, the model provides meaningful insights that can allow stakeholders to make well informed investment decisions when it comes to the optimal configuration and operation of energy technologies in commercial buildings.
AU - Acha,S
AU - Mariaud,A
AU - Shah,N
AU - Markides,CN
PY - 2017///
TI - Optimal design and operation of low-carbon energy technologies in commercial buildings
ER -