Imperial College London


Business School

Chair in Economics



+44 (0)20 7594 9291c.propper




Tanaka BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





Carol is a Professor of Economics at Imperial College Business School in the Organisation & Management Group. Carol joined Imperial College Business School as Professor of Economics and Head of the new Health Management Group on 1 October 2007. She also holds an appointment at the University of Bristol where she helped found the Centre for Market and Public Organisation, which has attracted major research funding from a number of bodies.

Carol was Senior Economic Advisor to NHS Executive on Regulation of the NHS Internal Market 1993-4, Co-Director of the Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion at London School of Economics from 1997-2007, Co-Director and Director of the Centre for Market and Public Organisation from 1998-2009, and chaired the ESRC research grants board until 2009.

She is particularly interested in the impact of incentives on the quality of health care delivery and, more widely, on the design and consequences of incentives within the public sector and the boundary between the state and private markets.

Carol has been awarded a CBE for her services to social science. The accolade recognises Carol’s research into public economics and economics of health care as well as her work with colleagues from other social science and medical disciplines. See the news item.

Carol and co-author John Van Reenan have been awarded the Arrow Award for the best paper in Health Economics published in 2010 for their paper "Can Pay Regulation Kill?" JPE 118(21):222-273, published in The Journal of Political Economy.  The prize is awarded by the International Health Economics Association.

Healthcare competition saves lives blog
Carol contributes to the Centre for Market and Public Organisation blog on the University of Bristol's website. Please download 'Healthcare competition saves lives' and "On the benefits of competition in healthcare"

Current areas of reseach - audio
Listen to Carol's audio on her current areas of research.

Current talk - video
'Excellence in Public Policy' at the LSE.

Debate on the effect of competition on the NHS


Britton J, Propper C, 2016, Teacher pay and school productivity: Exploiting wage regulation, Journal of Public Economics, Vol:133, ISSN:0047-2727, Pages:75-89

Santos R, Gravelle H, Propper C, 2015, Does quality affect patients’ choice of Doctor? Evidence from England, The Economic Journal, ISSN:0013-0133, Pages:n/a-n/a

Bloom N, Propper C, Seiler S, et al., 2015, The Impact of Competition on Management Quality: Evidence from Public Hospitals, The Review of Economic Studies, Vol:82, ISSN:0034-6527, Pages:457-489

Feng Y, Pistollato M, Charlesworth A, et al., 2015, Association between market concentration of hospitals and patient health gain following hip replacement surgery., J Health Serv Res Policy, Vol:20, Pages:11-17

von Hinke S, Davey Smith G, Lawlor DA, et al., 2015, Genetic markers as instrumental variables, Journal of Health Economics, ISSN:0167-6296

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