Imperial College London

Professor Claire Shovlin

Faculty of MedicineNational Heart & Lung Institute

Professor of Practice (Clinical and Molecular Medicine)
 
 
 
//

Contact

 

c.shovlin Website

 
 
//

Location

 

534Block L Hammersmith HospitalHammersmith Campus

//

Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Shovlin:2016:10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.006,
author = {Shovlin, CL and Awan, I and Cahilog, Z and Abdulla, FN and Guttmacher, AE},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.006},
journal = {International Journal of Cardiology},
pages = {179--185},
title = {Reported cardiac phenotypes in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia emphasize burdens from arrhythmias, anemia and its treatments, but suggest reduced rates of myocardial infarction},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.006},
volume = {215},
year = {2016}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - IntroductionCardiac phenotypes should be pronounced in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) due to frequent systemic arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), iron deficiency anemia, hypoxemia, hyperdynamic circulations, venous thromboemboli, and paradoxical emboli through pulmonary AVMs.Methods/resultsIn an international survey, 1025 respondents (median age 55 years) met HHT diagnostic criteria: 942 (91.9%) reported nosebleeds, 452 (44.1%) at least daily. AVMs were commonly reported in pulmonary (544, 53%), hepatic (194, 18.9%) and/or cerebral (92, 9.0%) circulations. 770/1025 (75%) had used iron tablets, 256 (25.0%) intravenous iron, and 374 (36.5%) received blood transfusions. Arrhythmias were reported by 113/1025 (11%, including 44 (4.3%) with atrial fibrillation), angina by 36 (3.5%), and cardiac failure by 26 (2.5%). In multivariate logistic regression, these phenotypes were associated with hepatic AVMs/pulmonary hypertension (relatively interchangeable variables), blood transfusions, and intravenous iron. Cardiac insufficiency/failure often provokes intensive anemia treatments, but associations with arrhythmias, particularly with a greater transfusion burden, were less easy to explain.Myocardial infarction (23/1025; 2.2%), and abnormal coronary angiogram (≤ 31/76, ≤ 54%) rates appeared low. Provocative preliminary data were obtained including HHT-affected respondents' parents and grandparents in whom HHT could be confidently assigned, or excluded based on autosomal dominant inheritance patterns: in crude and survival analyses, myocardial infarctions were reported less frequently for individuals with HHT, particularly for males (p = 0.001).ConclusionArrhythmias are the most common cardiac phenotype in HHT, and likely to be aggravated by iron deficiency anemia, its treatments, and/or high output states due to AVMs. Myocardial infarction rates may be reduced in this apparently high risk population.
AU - Shovlin,CL
AU - Awan,I
AU - Cahilog,Z
AU - Abdulla,FN
AU - Guttmacher,AE
DO - 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.006
EP - 185
PY - 2016///
SN - 1874-1754
SP - 179
TI - Reported cardiac phenotypes in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia emphasize burdens from arrhythmias, anemia and its treatments, but suggest reduced rates of myocardial infarction
T2 - International Journal of Cardiology
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.006
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/32863
VL - 215
ER -