The research Clea conducts is particularly pertinent to current and world affairs given the critical need for greenhouse gas emissions reduction in order to avoid dangerous climate change as recognized by the Paris Climate Agreement ratified by 141 parties. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is recognized by key organisations, nations and companies such as the UNFCCC, the World Bank, the IPCC and IEA as being key to least cost climate change mitigation and facilitating a global phase out of a fossil-fuel based economy.
Clea's PhD research focuses on the integration of above ground CO2 capture and below ground CO2 storage, investigation the techno-economic factors that come into play when deploying CCS on a large-scale. Her research aims at linking the capturing system to the transport and injection of CO2 by analysing the effect of time-varying rates of CO2 capture and CO2 stream purity requirements as a function of the transport distance and injection sink e.g. depleted oil reservoirs and saline aquifers. The techno-economic potential of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) by CO2 injection in depleted oil reservoirs is also assessed using reservoir modelling software such as ECLIPSE and compared with the prospect of CO2 storage in saline aquifers.
Clea has collaborated with a number of institutions and companies including Stanford University, University College London, the British Geological Survey and Shell.
"The impact of varying CO2 injection rates on systems level CO2 storage supply of the UK Bunter Sandstone", C. Kolster, S. Agada, N. Mac Dowell, S. Krevor, submitted to the Journal of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2017.
“The role of CO2 purification and transport networks in carbon capture and storage cost reduction”, C. Kolster, E. Mechleri, S. Krevor, N. Mac Dowell, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2017.
“The Sensitivity of CO2 Storage in the Bunter Sandstone of the UK Southern North Sea to Operational Demands from Energy Systems”, S. Agada, C. Kolster, N. Mac Dowell, S. Krevor, submitted to the Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control, December 2016.
“Cost and Performance of some carbon capture technology options for producing different quality CO2 product streams”, R. Porter, M. Fairweather, C. Kolster, N. Mac Dowell, N. Shah, R. Wooley, Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 11, 020.
Clea graduated from Imperial College London with an Upper Second Class Honours MEng in Chemical Engineering in June 2014 as part of which she spent an academic year abroad (2012-2013) at Columbia University, New York.