Imperial College London

ProfessorDarrelFrancis

Faculty of MedicineNational Heart & Lung Institute

Professor of Cardiology
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 3381d.francis Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Miss Juliet Holmes +44 (0)20 7594 5735

 
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Location

 

Block B Hammersmith HospitalHammersmith Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Warisawa:2019:10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.118.007494,
author = {Warisawa, T and Cook, CM and Howard, JP and Ahmad, Y and Doi, S and Nakayama, M and Goto, S and Yakuta, Y and Karube, K and Shun-Shin, MJ and Petraco, R and Sen, S and Nijjer, S and Al, Lamee R and Ishibashi, Y and Matsuda, H and Escaned, J and di, Mario C and Francis, DP and Akashi, YJ and Davies, JE},
doi = {10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.118.007494},
journal = {Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions},
title = {Physiological pattern of disease assessed by pressure-wire pullback has an influence on fractional flow reserve/instantaneous wave-free ratio discordance},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.118.007494},
volume = {12},
year = {2019}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) and instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) disagree on the hemodynamic significance of a coronary lesion in ≈20% of cases. It is unknown whether the physiological pattern of disease is an influencing factor for this. This study assessed whether the physiological pattern of coronary artery disease influences discordance between FFR and iFR measurement. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three-hundred and sixty intermediate coronary lesions (345 patients; mean age, 64.4±10.3 years; 76% men) with combined FFR, iFR, and iFR pressure-wire pullback were included for analysis from an international multicenter registry. Cut points for hemodynamic significance were FFR ≤0.80 and iFR ≤0.89, respectively. Lesions were classified into FFR+/iFR+ (n=154; 42.7%), FFR-/iFR+ (n=38; 10.6%), FFR+/iFR- (n=41; 11.4%), and FFR-/iFR- (n=127; 35.3%) groups. The physiological pattern of disease was classified according to the iFR pullback recordings as predominantly physiologically focal (n=171; 47.5%) or predominantly physiologically diffuse (n=189; 52.5%). Median FFR and iFR were 0.80 (interquartile range, 0.75-0.85) and 0.89 (interquartile range, 0.86-0.92), respectively. FFR disagreed with iFR in 22% (79 of 360). The physiological pattern of disease was the only influencing factor relating to FFR/iFR discordance: predominantly physiologically focal was significantly associated with FFR+/iFR- (58.5% [24 of 41]), and predominantly physiologically diffuse was significantly associated with FFR-/iFR+ (81.6% [31 of 38]; P<0.001 for pattern of disease between FFR+/iFR- and FFR-/iFR+ groups). CONCLUSIONS: The physiological pattern of coronary artery disease was an important influencing factor for FFR/iFR discordance.
AU - Warisawa,T
AU - Cook,CM
AU - Howard,JP
AU - Ahmad,Y
AU - Doi,S
AU - Nakayama,M
AU - Goto,S
AU - Yakuta,Y
AU - Karube,K
AU - Shun-Shin,MJ
AU - Petraco,R
AU - Sen,S
AU - Nijjer,S
AU - Al,Lamee R
AU - Ishibashi,Y
AU - Matsuda,H
AU - Escaned,J
AU - di,Mario C
AU - Francis,DP
AU - Akashi,YJ
AU - Davies,JE
DO - 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.118.007494
PY - 2019///
SN - 1941-7640
TI - Physiological pattern of disease assessed by pressure-wire pullback has an influence on fractional flow reserve/instantaneous wave-free ratio discordance
T2 - Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.118.007494
UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31084237
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/70335
VL - 12
ER -