Imperial College London

DrDipankarNandi

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Brain Sciences

Professor of Practice (Neurosurgery)
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 3311 1182d.nandi

 
 
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Location

 

Lab BlockCharing Cross Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Yousif:2017:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005326,
author = {Yousif, N and Mace, M and Pavese, N and Borisyuk, R and Nandi, D and Bain, P},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005326},
journal = {Plos Computational Biology},
title = {A network model of local field potential activity in essential tremor and the impact of deep brain stimulation.},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005326},
volume = {13},
year = {2017}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Essential tremor (ET), a movement disorder characterised by an uncontrollable shaking of the affected body part, is often professed to be the most common movement disorder, affecting up to one percent of adults over 40 years of age. The precise cause of ET is unknown, however pathological oscillations of a network of a number of brain regions are implicated in leading to the disorder. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a clinical therapy used to alleviate the symptoms of a number of movement disorders. DBS involves the surgical implantation of electrodes into specific nuclei in the brain. For ET the targeted region is the ventralis intermedius (Vim) nucleus of the thalamus. Though DBS is effective for treating ET, the mechanism through which the therapeutic effect is obtained is not understood. To elucidate the mechanism underlying the pathological network activity and the effect of DBS on such activity, we take a computational modelling approach combined with electrophysiological data. The pathological brain activity was recorded intra-operatively via implanted DBS electrodes, whilst simultaneously recording muscle activity of the affected limbs. We modelled the network hypothesised to underlie ET using the Wilson-Cowan approach. The modelled network exhibited oscillatory behaviour within the tremor frequency range, as did our electrophysiological data. By applying a DBS-like input we suppressed these oscillations. This study shows that the dynamics of the ET network support oscillations at the tremor frequency and the application of a DBS-like input disrupts this activity, which could be one mechanism underlying the therapeutic benefit.
AU - Yousif,N
AU - Mace,M
AU - Pavese,N
AU - Borisyuk,R
AU - Nandi,D
AU - Bain,P
DO - 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005326
PY - 2017///
SN - 1553-7358
TI - A network model of local field potential activity in essential tremor and the impact of deep brain stimulation.
T2 - Plos Computational Biology
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005326
UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28068428
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/44131
VL - 13
ER -