Imperial College London

Dr Enrique Castro Sánchez

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Medicine

Academic Research Nurse



+44 (0)20 3313 2732e.castro-sanchez Website




7N.12Commonwealth BuildingHammersmith Campus





Enrique is currently combining an Early Career Research Fellowship exploring increased participation of nurses in antimicrobial stewardship decision-making and a position as Lead Research Nurse at the Health Protection Research Unit in AMR and HCAI. He works in the theme "Innovations in behaviour change, technology and patient safety to improve infection prevention and antimicrobial use", led by Prof Bryony Dean Franklin and Susan Hopkins.

The HPRU, which was established on 1 April 2014, is a partnership between Imperial College London, Public Health England, Cambridge University Veterinary School, the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and Imperial College Health Partners North West London Academic Health Science Network.

He was awarded a PhD in Nursing at the University of Alicante (Spain) in 2015. He trained in nursing and management of nursing services in Spain, followed by an MSc in Public Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 2003. His research interests include health literacy in infectious diseases and healthcare-associated infections; the impact of health inequalities on infectious diseases; policy influence on management of infectious diseases; use of social networks on clinicians and patients’ attitudes to infection; and the implementation and evaluation of new roles for nurses.

Enrique has got a broad clinical experience in tropical and infectious diseases including malaria, leprosy, tuberculosis, HIV and sexually transmitted infections. His work as advanced nurse practitioner (developing and evaluating new models of care for people living with HIV) has received national awards. In 2007 he was the National Advisor for Sexual Health and HIV for the Royal College of Nursing, developing a national HIV awareness campaign.

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Bermudez-Tamayo C, Negrin Hernandez M, Bolivar J, et al., 2017, GACETA SANITARIA in 2016. A new stage; the strengthening of e-Gaceta and its internationalisation, Gaceta Sanitaria, Vol:31, ISSN:0213-9111, Pages:77-81

Boyd SE, Moore LSP, Gilchrist M, et al., 2017, Obtaining antibiotics online from within the UK: a cross-sectional study, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Vol:72, ISSN:0305-7453, Pages:1521-1528

Pereira NR, Castro-Sanchez E, Nathwani D, 2017, How can multi-professional education support better stewardship?, Infectious Disease Reports, Vol:9, ISSN:2036-7430, Pages:1-7

Castro-Sanchez E, Kyratsis Y, Iwami M, et al., 2016, Serious electronic games as behavioural change interventions in healthcareassociated infections and infection prevention and control: a scoping review of the literature and future directions, Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, Vol:5, ISSN:2047-2994

Rawson TM, Moore LSP, Hernandez B, et al., 2016, Patient engagement with infection management in secondary care: a qualitative investigation of current experiences, Bmj Open, Vol:6, ISSN:2044-6055

Castro-Sanchez E, Moore LSP, Husson F, et al., 2016, What are the factors driving antimicrobial resistance? Perspectives from a public event in London, England, BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol:16, ISSN:1471-2334

Micallef C, Kildonaviciute K, Castro-Sanchez E, et al., 2017, Patient and public understanding and knowledge of antimicrobial resistance and stewardship in a UK hospital: should public campaigns change focus?, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Vol:72, ISSN:0305-7453, Pages:311-314

Micallef C, Kildonavaciute K, Castro-Sanchez E, et al., 2016, Is There a Role for a Bespoke App on Antimicrobial Stewardship Targeting Patients and the Public?, Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol:63, ISSN:1058-4838, Pages:140-U166

Castro-Sanchez E, Drumright LN, Gharbi M, et al., 2016, Mapping Antimicrobial Stewardship in Undergraduate Medical, Dental, Pharmacy, Nursing and Veterinary Education in the United Kingdom, PLOS One, Vol:11, ISSN:1932-6203

Castro-Sanchez E, Chang PWS, Vila-Candel R, et al., 2016, Health literacy and infectious diseases: why does it matter?, International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol:43, ISSN:1201-9712, Pages:103-110

Zingg W, Castro-Sanchez E, Secci FV, et al., 2016, Innovative tools for quality assessment: integrated quality criteria for review of multiple study designs (ICROMS), Public Health, Vol:133, ISSN:0033-3506, Pages:19-37

Castro-Sanchez E, Gea-Caballero V, Juarez-Vela R, 2015, Declaration of funding and funding sources received by research projects presented at the largest international nursing research conference, Gaceta Sanitaria, Vol:29, ISSN:0213-9111, Pages:474-474

Castro-Sanchez E, Spanoudakis E, Holmes AH, 2015, Readability of Ebola Information on Websites of Public Health Agencies, United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and Europe, Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol:21, ISSN:1080-6040, Pages:1217-1219

Shah N, Castro-Sanchez E, Charani E, et al., 2015, Towards changing healthcare workers' behaviour: a qualitative study exploring non-compliance through appraisals of infection prevention and control practices, Journal of Hospital Infection, Vol:90, ISSN:0195-6701, Pages:126-134

Castro-Sanchez E, Holmes AH, 2015, Impact of organizations on healthcare-associated infections, Journal of Hospital Infection, Vol:89, ISSN:0195-6701, Pages:346-350

Dyar OJ, Castro-Sanchez E, Holmes AH, 2014, What makes people talk about antibiotics on social media? A retrospective analysis of Twitter use, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Vol:69, ISSN:0305-7453, Pages:2568-2572

Sanchez EC, Holmes A, 2012, Public behaviour and the response to pandemic influenza, Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol:12, ISSN:1473-3099, Pages:819-820

Charani E, Castro-Sanchez E, Sevdalis N, et al., 2013, Understanding the Determinants of Antimicrobial Prescribing Within Hospitals: The Role of "Prescribing Etiquette", Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol:57, ISSN:1058-4838, Pages:188-196

Castro-Sanchez E, Holmes A, 2013, International implementation of WHO's hand hygiene strategy, Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol:13, ISSN:1473-3099, Pages:824-825

Castro-Sanchez E, Charani E, Drumright LN, et al., 2014, Fragmentation of Care Threatens Patient Safety in Peripheral Vascular Catheter Management in Acute Care- A Qualitative Study, PLOS One, Vol:9, ISSN:1932-6203


Castro Sanchez EM, Nursing Leadership in AMS Interventions: Lessons Learnt Worldwide, 18th International Congress on Infectious Diseases/XVIII Congreso SADI

Castro Sanchez EM, Charani E, Moore LSP, et al., 2014, “On call: antibiotics”- development and evaluation of a serious antimicrobial prescribing game for hospital care, Games for Health europe 2014

Alividza V, Mariano V, Steel S, et al., Investigating the impact of poverty on colonization/infection with drug-resistant organisms in humans: a scoping review, ECCMID 2017

Castro Sanchez EM, Iwami M, Ahmad R, et al., 2017, Articulating citizen participation in national policies for addressing antimicrobial resistance in European countries - an updated analysis, ECCMID 2017, European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Castro Sanchez EM, Spanoudakis E, Holmes A, 2015, Ebola information for the public: an assessment of suitability and readability of information available through US, UK, Canadian and European public health agencies, ECCMID 2015, ESCMID

Castro Sanchez EM, Successful participation of nurses in AMS programmes worldwide: examples, barriers and facilitators, 6th Infection Control African Network

Castro Sanchez EM, Iwami, Ahmad R, et al., Articulating citizen participation in national antimicrobial resistance policies: how does the UK compare to other European countries?, FIS/HIS 2016

Castro Sanchez EM, 2013, Alfabetización en salud en emigrantes: revisión sistemática de la literatura, 17th International Nursing Research Conference

Castro-Sanchez E, Charani E, Moore LSP, et al., 2014, Taking antimicrobial stewardship initiatives to the next level: Development of a serious prescribing game for acute care, ELSEVIER SCI LTD, Pages:46-47, ISSN:1201-9712

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