Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineNational Heart & Lung Institute

Imperial College Junior Research Fellow



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Emmanuel Kaye BuildingRoyal Brompton Campus






BibTex format

author = {Markevych, I and Schoierer, J and Hartig, T and Chudnovsky, A and Hystad, P and Dzhambov, AM and de, Vries S and Triguero-Mas, M and Brauer, M and Nieuwenhuijsen, MJ and Lupp, G and Richardson, EA and Astell-Burt, T and Dimitrova, D and Feng, X and Sadeh, M and Standl, M and Heinrich, J and Fuertes, E},
doi = {10.1016/j.envres.2017.06.028},
journal = {Environmental Research},
pages = {301--317},
title = {Exploring pathways linking greenspace to health: Theoretical and methodological guidance},
url = {},
volume = {158},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BACKGROUND: In a rapidly urbanizing world, many people have little contact with natural environments, which may affect health and well-being. Existing reviews generally conclude that residential greenspace is beneficial to health. However, the processes generating these benefits and how they can be best promoted remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: During an Expert Workshop held in September 2016, the evidence linking greenspace and health was reviewed from a transdisciplinary standpoint, with a particular focus on potential underlying biopsychosocial pathways and how these can be explored and organized to support policy-relevant population health research. DISCUSSIONS: Potential pathways linking greenspace to health are here presented in three domains, which emphasize three general functions of greenspace: reducing harm (e.g. reducing exposure to air pollution, noise and heat), restoring capacities (e.g. attention restoration and physiological stress recovery) and building capacities (e.g. encouraging physical activity and facilitating social cohesion). Interrelations between among the three domains are also noted. Among several recommendations, future studies should: use greenspace and behavioural measures that are relevant to hypothesized pathways; include assessment of presence, access and use of greenspace; use longitudinal, interventional and (quasi)experimental study designs to assess causation; and include low and middle income countries given their absence in the existing literature. Cultural, climatic, geographic and other contextual factors also need further consideration. CONCLUSIONS: While the existing evidence affirms beneficial impacts of greenspace on health, much remains to be learned about the specific pathways and functional form of such relationships, and how these may vary by context, population groups and health outcomes. This Report provides guidance for further epidemiological research with the goal of creating new evidence upon which to develop polic
AU - Markevych,I
AU - Schoierer,J
AU - Hartig,T
AU - Chudnovsky,A
AU - Hystad,P
AU - Dzhambov,AM
AU - de,Vries S
AU - Triguero-Mas,M
AU - Brauer,M
AU - Nieuwenhuijsen,MJ
AU - Lupp,G
AU - Richardson,EA
AU - Astell-Burt,T
AU - Dimitrova,D
AU - Feng,X
AU - Sadeh,M
AU - Standl,M
AU - Heinrich,J
AU - Fuertes,E
DO - 10.1016/j.envres.2017.06.028
EP - 317
PY - 2017///
SN - 0013-9351
SP - 301
TI - Exploring pathways linking greenspace to health: Theoretical and methodological guidance
T2 - Environmental Research
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 158
ER -