Imperial College London

Professor EJ Milner-Gulland

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Life Sciences (Silwood Park)

Visiting Professor
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 2509e.j.milner-gulland Website

 
 
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Location

 

108MunroSilwood Park

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
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351 results found

De Lange E, Milner-Gulland EJ, Yim V, Leng C, Phann S, Keane Aet al., 2021, Using mixed methods to understand sensitive wildlife poisoning behaviours in northern Cambodia, ORYX, Vol: 55, Pages: 889-902, ISSN: 0030-6053

In northern Cambodia, threatened wildlife, livestock and people are being poisoned by pesticides deposited in seasonal waterholes. Addressing this critical conservation threat requires understanding the drivers of poisoning behaviours and the social contexts in which they occur. This study across 10 communities in two protected areas aimed to provide a first assessment of this phenomenon. We used the theory of planned behaviour to measure socio-psychological determinants of behaviour and deepened this understanding using informant interviews and focus group discussions. Informants reported that so-called termite poisons, including powerful carbamates, are deliberately deposited at waterholes to catch wildlife for consumption. This method is perceived to be low effort and high efficacy, and perceptions of the health risks vary. Predominant users are young men and children, but it is unclear whether the practice is related to food insecurity. Threatened wildlife species reported as affected include the giant ibis Pseudibis gigantea and vulture species. Overall, social norms are strongly negative towards poisoning; 75% of survey respondents perceived negative norms because of impacts on human and livestock health, environmental quality, and risks of legal sanctions. This has led to interventions by local authorities in half of the studied villages. We suggest that future interventions should raise the salience of negative norms by providing a non-conflictual mechanism for community members to participate in monitoring and sanctioning, such as a reporting hotline. Regulatory interventions are also required to control the supply of restricted pesticides.

Journal article

de Lange E, Milner-Gulland EJ, Keane A, 2021, Effects of social networks on interventions to change conservation behavior, CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, ISSN: 0888-8892

Journal article

Oyanedel R, Gelcich S, Mathieu E, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2021, A dynamic simulation model to support reduction in illegal trade within legal wildlife markets, CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, ISSN: 0888-8892

Journal article

Arias M, Hinsley A, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2021, Use of evidence for decision-making by conservation practitioners in the illegal wildlife trade, PEOPLE AND NATURE, Vol: 3, Pages: 1110-1126

Journal article

Grace MK, Bennett EL, Akcakaya HR, Hilton-Taylor C, Hoffmann M, Jenkins R, Milner-Gulland EJ, Nieto A, Young RP, Long Bet al., 2021, IUCN launches Green Status of Species: a new standard for species recovery, ORYX, Vol: 55, Pages: 651-652, ISSN: 0030-6053

Journal article

Brittain S, Tugendhat H, Newing H, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2021, Conservation and the rights of Indigenous peoples and local communities: looking forwards, ORYX, Vol: 55, Pages: 641-642, ISSN: 0030-6053

Journal article

Hinsley A, Hu S, Chen H, Garshelis D, Hoffmann M, Lee TM, Moyle B, Qiu Y, Ruan X, Wan AKY, Zhou J, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2021, Combining data from consumers and traditional medicine practitioners to provide a more complete picture of Chinese bear bile markets, PEOPLE AND NATURE, Vol: 3, Pages: 1064-1077

Journal article

Booth H, Arlidge WNS, Squires D, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2021, Bycatch levies could reconcile trade-offs between blue growth and biodiversity conservation, NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol: 5, Pages: 715-725, ISSN: 2397-334X

Journal article

Milner-Gulland EJ, 2021, The global conservation movement is divided but not diverse: reflections on 2020, ORYX, Vol: 55, Pages: 321-322, ISSN: 0030-6053

Journal article

Banks-Leite C, Larrosa C, Carrasco LR, Tambosi LR, Milner-Gulland Eet al., 2021, The suggestion that landscapes should contain 40% of forest cover lacks evidence and is problematic, Ecology Letters, Vol: 24, Pages: 1112-1113, ISSN: 1461-023X

A recent review suggests that forest cover needs to be restored or maintained on at least 40% of land area. In the absence of empirical evidence to support this threshold, we discuss how this suggestion is unhelpful and potentially dangerous. We advocate for regionally defined thresholds to inform conservation and restoration.

Journal article

Booth H, Clark M, Milner-Gulland EJ, Amponsah-Mensah K, Antunes AP, Brittain S, Castilho LC, Campos-Silva JV, Lima Constantino PDA, Li Y, Mandoloma L, Nneji LM, Iponga DM, Moyo B, McNamara J, Rakotonarivo OS, Shi J, Tagne CTK, van Velden J, Williams DRet al., 2021, Investigating the risks of removing wild meat from global food systems, CURRENT BIOLOGY, Vol: 31, Pages: 1788-+, ISSN: 0960-9822

Journal article

Olmedo A, Verissimo D, Challender DWS, Huong TTD, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2021, Who eats wild meat? Profiling consumers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, PEOPLE AND NATURE, Vol: 3, Pages: 700-710

Journal article

Mair L, Bennun LA, Brooks TM, Butchart SHM, Bolam FC, Burgess ND, Ekstrom JMM, Milner-Gulland EJ, Hoffmann M, Ma K, Macfarlane NBW, Raimondo DC, Rodrigues ASL, Shen X, Strassburg BBN, Beatty CR, Gomez-Creutzberg C, Iribarrem A, Irmadhiany M, Lacerda E, Mattos BC, Parakkasi K, Tognelli MF, Bennett EL, Bryan C, Carbone G, Chaudhary A, Eiselin M, da Fonseca GAB, Galt R, Geschke A, Glew L, Goedicke R, Green JMH, Gregory RD, Hill SLL, Hole DG, Hughes J, Hutton J, Keijzer MPW, Navarro LM, Nic Lughadha E, Plumptre AJ, Puydarrieux P, Possingham HP, Rankovic A, Regan EC, Rondinini C, Schneck JD, Siikamaki J, Sendashonga C, Seutin G, Sinclair S, Skowno AL, Soto-Navarro CA, Stuart SN, Temple HJ, Vallier A, Verones F, Viana LR, Watson J, Bezeng S, Bohm M, Burfield IJ, Clausnitzer V, Clubbe C, Cox NA, Freyhof J, Gerber LR, Hilton-Taylor C, Jenkins R, Joolia A, Joppa LN, Koh LP, Lacher TE, Langhammer PF, Long B, Mallon D, Pacifici M, Polidoro BA, Pollock CM, Rivers MC, Roach NS, Rodriguez JP, Smart J, Young BE, Hawkins F, McGowan PJKet al., 2021, A metric for spatially explicit contributions to science-based species targets, NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol: 5, Pages: 836-+, ISSN: 2397-334X

Journal article

Doughty H, Oliver K, Verissimo D, Lee JSH, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2021, Using theory and evidence to design behaviour change interventions for reducing unsustainable wildlife consumption, PEOPLE AND NATURE, Vol: 3, Pages: 469-483

Journal article

Cheung H, Doughty H, Hinsley A, Hsu E, Lee TM, Milner-Gulland EJ, Possingham HP, Biggs Det al., 2021, Understanding Traditional Chinese Medicine to strengthen conservation outcomes, PEOPLE AND NATURE, Vol: 3, Pages: 115-128

Journal article

Kuiper T, Masse F, Ngwenya NA, Kavhu B, Mandisodza-Chikerema RL, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2021, Ranger perceptions of, and engagement with, monitoring of elephant poaching, PEOPLE AND NATURE, Vol: 3, Pages: 148-161

Journal article

Milner-Gulland EJ, Addison P, Arlidge WNS, Baker J, Booth H, Brooks T, Bull JW, Burgass MJ, Ekstrom J, zu Ermgassen SOSE, Fleming LV, Grub HMJ, von Hase A, Hoffmann M, Hutton J, Juffe-Bignoli D, ten Kate K, Kiesecker J, Kumpel NF, Maron M, Newing HS, Ole-Moiyoi K, Sinclair C, Sinclair S, Starkey M, Stuart SN, Tayleur C, Watson JEMet al., 2021, Y Four steps for the Earth: mainstreaming the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, ONE EARTH, Vol: 4, Pages: 75-87, ISSN: 2590-3330

Journal article

Olmedo A, Veríssimo D, Milner-Gulland EJ, Hinsley A, Dao HTT, Challender DWSet al., 2021, Uncovering prevalence of pangolin consumption using a technique for investigating sensitive behaviour, ORYX, Pages: 1-9, ISSN: 0030-6053

Pangolins have been exploited throughout history but evidence points to population declines across parts of their ranges since the 1960s, especially in Asia. This is the result of overexploitation for local use and international trade and trafficking of their derivatives. The prevalence of the consumption of pangolin products has been estimated for different localities in Viet Nam but, considering that national legislation prohibits the purchase of pangolin products, previous research has not accounted for the potential for biased responses. In this study, we treat pangolin consumption as a sensitive behaviour and estimate consumption prevalence of pangolin meat, scales and wine (a whole pangolin or pangolin parts or fluids soaked or mixed in rice wine) in Ho Chi Minh City using a specialized questioning method, the unmatched count technique. We also characterize the demographics of consumers. Our results suggest there is active consumption of all three pangolin products, with a best-estimate prevalence of 7% of a representative sample of Ho Chi Minh City residents for pangolin meat, 10% for scales and 6% for wine. Our prevalence estimates exceed estimates from direct questions, providing evidence for the sensitivity of pangolin consumption. We compared our analysis of consumer characteristics with existing profiles of pangolin consumers and found substantial differences, suggesting that consumption occurs among broader demographic groups than previously described. Our findings suggest that efforts to reduce demand for pangolin consumption in Viet Nam should focus on a broader range of consumers than previously identified.

Journal article

Burgman M, Addison PFE, Stephenson PJ, Bull JW, Carbone G, Burgass MJ, Gerber LR, Howard P, McCormick N, McRae L, Reuter K, Starkey M, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2020, Bringing sustainability to life: A framework to guide biodiversity indicator development for business performance management, Business Strategy and the Environment, Vol: 29, Pages: 3303-3313, ISSN: 0964-4733

Biodiversity loss is a critical sustainability issue, and companies are beginning to seek ways to assess their biodiversity performance. Initiatives to date have developed biodiversity indicators for specific business contexts (e.g., spatial scales—from site, to product, to regional, or corporate scales); however, many are not widely translatable across different contexts making it challenging for businesses seeking indicators to manage their biodiversity performance. By synthesising the steps of common conservation and business decision‐making systems, we propose a framework to support more comprehensive development of quantitative biodiversity indicators, for a range of business contexts. The framework integrates experience from existing tried‐and‐tested conservation frameworks. We illustrate how our framework offers a pathway for businesses to assess their biodiversity performance and demonstrate responsible management by mitigating and reversing their biodiversity impacts and sustaining their dependencies, enabling them to demonstrate their contribution to emerging global biodiversity targets (e.g., Convention on Biological Diversity post‐2020 targets).

Journal article

Doughty H, Wright J, Verissimo D, Lee JSH, Oliver K, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2020, Strategic advertising of online news articles as an intervention to influence wildlife product consumers, CONSERVATION SCIENCE AND PRACTICE, Vol: 2

Journal article

Oyanedel R, Gelcich S, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2020, A synthesis of (non-)compliance theories with applications to small-scale fisheries research and practice, FISH AND FISHERIES, Vol: 21, Pages: 1120-1134, ISSN: 1467-2960

Journal article

Oyanedel R, Gelcich S, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2020, Motivations for (non-)compliance with conservation rules by small-scale resource users, CONSERVATION LETTERS, Vol: 13, ISSN: 1755-263X

Journal article

Short RE, Mussa J, Hill NAO, Rowcliffe M, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2020, Challenging assumptions: the gendered nature of mosquito net fishing and the implications for management, GENDER TECHNOLOGY & DEVELOPMENT, Vol: 24, Pages: 66-88, ISSN: 0971-8524

Journal article

Booth H, Squires D, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2020, The mitigation hierarchy for sharks: A risk-based framework for reconciling trade-offs between shark conservation and fisheries objectives, FISH AND FISHERIES, Vol: 21, Pages: 269-289, ISSN: 1467-2960

Journal article

Betts J, Young RP, Hilton-Taylor C, Hoffmann M, Rodriguez JP, Stuart SN, Milner-Gulland EJet al., 2020, A framework for evaluating the impact of the IUCN Red List of threatened species, CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, Vol: 34, Pages: 632-643, ISSN: 0888-8892

Journal article

Davis KJ, Alfaro-Shigueto J, Arlidge WNS, Burton M, Mangel JC, Mills M, Milner-Gulland EJ, Palma Duque J, Romero-de-Diego C, Gelcich Set al., 2020, Disconnects in global discourses—the unintended consequences of marine mammal protection on small-scale fishers

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Globally, the populations of many marine mammals remain of critical concern after centuries of exploitation and hunting. However, some marine mammal populations (e.g. pinnipeds) have largely recovered from exploitation, and interactions between these species and fisheries—particularly small-scale fisheries—is once again of concern globally. The large scope and widespread scale of interactions highlights the local disconnect between two global policies: marine mammal conservation and small-scale fisheries protection. In this research, we explore these conflicting global policies by assessing the perceptions of coastal small-scale fishers in Peru and Chile regarding their interactions with pinnipeds, including the South American sea lion (<jats:italic>Otaria flavescens</jats:italic>) and South American fur seal (<jats:italic>Arctocephalus australis</jats:italic>). We surveyed 301 gill net fishers and assess perceptions using a best-worst scaling methodology. We find that fishers are chiefly concerned with the increase in pinniped populations, perceive that their interactions with pinnipeds have significantly increased over the past 80 years, and report pinniped-driven catch and income losses ≥ 26 per cent. Surprisingly, fishers do not believe that compensation schemes will resolve this issue—instead they overwhelmingly call for pinniped population culls. The reported number of pinnipeds illegally killed by fishers suggests the potential for large negative impacts on these protected species, and a loss of legitimacy in marine regulation. Collectively, our results portray a sense of marginalisation from fishers’—that global policy treats them as less “important” than marine mammals. Our results highlight the increasing disconnect in global policy, which on one hand seeks to protect threatened marine mammal populations, and on the other seeks to

Journal article

Brittain S, Ngo Bata M, de Ornellas P, Milner-Gulland EJ, Rowcliffe Met al., 2020, Combining local knowledge and occupancy analysis for a rapid assessment of the forest elephant Loxodonta cyclotis in Cameroon's timber production forests, Oryx, Vol: 54, Pages: 90-100, ISSN: 0030-6053

Information on the distribution and abundance of the forest elephant Loxodonta cyclotis is needed to allocate limited resources appropriately and set conservation goals for the species. However, monitoring at large scales in forest habitats is complicated, expensive and time consuming. We investigated the potential of applying interview-based occupancy analysis as a tool for the rapid assessment of the distribution and relative abundance of forest elephants in eastern Cameroon. Using single-season occupancy models, we explored the covariates that affect forest elephant occupancy and detectability, and identified spatial and temporal patterns in population change and occupancy. Quantitative and qualitative socio-demographic data offer additional depth and understanding, placing the occupancy analysis in context and providing valuable information to guide conservation action. Detectability of forest elephants has decreased since 2008, which is consistent with the decline in perceived abundance in occupied sites. Forest elephants occupy areas outside protected areas and outside the known elephant range defined by IUCN. Critical conservation attention is required to assess forest elephant populations and the threats they face in these poorly understood areas. Interview-based occupancy analysis is a reliable and suitable method for a rapid assessment of forest elephant occupancy on a large scale, as a complement to, or the first stage in, a monitoring process.

Journal article

Grace M, Akcakaya HR, Bennett E, Hilton-Taylor C, Long B, Milner-Gulland EJ, Young R, Hoffmann Met al., 2019, Using historical and palaeoecological data to inform ambitious species recovery targets, PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Vol: 374, ISSN: 0962-8436

Journal article

Smith T, Beagley L, Bull J, Milner-Gulland EJ, Smith M, Vorhies F, Addison PFEet al., 2019, Biodiversity means business: Reframing global biodiversity goals for the private sector, CONSERVATION LETTERS, Vol: 13, ISSN: 1755-263X

Journal article

Beauchamp E, Clements T, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2019, Investigating Perceptions of Land Issues in a Threatened Landscape in Northern Cambodia, SUSTAINABILITY, Vol: 11

Journal article

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