64 results found
Filippidis FT, Laverty AA, Hone T, et al., Association of cigarette price differentials and infant mortality in 23 European Union countries, JAMA Pediatrics, ISSN: 2168-6203
Importance: Raising the price of cigarettes by increasing taxation has been associated with improved perinatal and child health outcomes. Transnational tobacco companies have sought to undermine tobacco tax policy by adopting pricing strategies which maintain the availability of budget cigarettes.Objective: To assess associations betweenmedian cigarette prices, cigarette price differentials andinfant mortalityacross Europe.Design: Longitudinal ecological study of regions within the European Union. Setting: 23 European countries; 2004 –2014 (data from 276 sub-national regions).Participants: Infant populations in relevant countries.Interventions: Median cigarette prices and the differential between these and minimum cigarette prices were obtained from Euromonitor International.Pricing differentialswere calculated as the proportions(%) obtained by dividing minimum by median cigarette price. Priceswere adjusted for inflation.Main outcome measure: Annual infant mortality rates. Associations were assessed using linear fixed-effect panel regression modelsadjusted for smoke-free policies; Gross Domestic Product; unemployment rate; education; maternal age; and underlining temporal trends.Results: A €1 per pack increase in the median cigarette price was associated with a decline of -0.23 deaths per 1,000 live births in the same year (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: -0.37 to -0.09) and -0.16 per 1,000 live births the following year (95% CI: -0.30 to -0.03). An increase of 10% in the price differential between median and minimum priced cigarettes was associated with an increase of 0.07 deaths per 1,000 live births (95% CI: 0.01 to 0.13) the following year.Cigarette price increasesacross 23 European countries between 2004 and 2014 were associated with 9,208(95% CI: 8,601to 9,814) fewer infant deaths; 3,195(95% CI: 3,017to 3,372)infant deaths could have been avoided had there beenno differential between median and the minimum priced cigarettes during this period. Conclus
Alshaikh MK, Filippidis FT, Al-Omar HA, et al., 2017, The ticking time bomb in lifestyle-related diseases among women in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries; review of systematic reviews, BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 17, ISSN: 1471-2458
Filippidis FT, Gerovasili V, Laverty AA, 2017, COMMENTARY ON FARSALINOS ET AL. (2016): ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE USE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: ANALYSIS OF A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF 27 460 EUROPEANS FROM 28 COUNTRIES, ADDICTION, Vol: 112, Pages: 544-545, ISSN: 0965-2140
Filippidis FT, Gerovasili V, Millett C, et al., 2017, Medium-term impact of the economic crisis on mortality, health-related behaviours and access to healthcare in Greece, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2045-2322
Filippidis FT, Laverty AA, Fernandez E, et al., 2017, Correlates of self-reported exposure to advertising of tobacco products and electronic cigarettes across 28 European Union member states., Tob Control
BACKGROUND: Despite advertising bans in most European Union (EU) member states, outlets for promotion of tobacco products and especially e-cigarettes still exist. This study aimed to assess the correlates of self-reported exposure to tobacco products and e-cigarettee advertising in the EU. METHODS: We analysed data from wave 82.4 of the Eurobarometer survey (November-December 2014), collected through interviews in 28 EU member states (n=27 801 aged ≥15 years) and data on bans of tobacco advertising extracted from the Tobacco Control Scale (TCS, 2013). We used multilevel logistic regression to assess sociodemographic correlates of self-reported exposure to any tobacco and e-cigarette advertisements. RESULTS: 40% and 41.5% of the respondents reported having seen any e-cigarette and tobacco product advertisement respectively within the past year. Current smokers, males, younger respondents, those with financial difficulties, people who had tried e-cigarettes and daily internet users were more likely to report having seen an e-cigarette and a tobacco product advertisement. Respondents in countries with more comprehensive advertising bans were less likely to self-report exposure to any tobacco advertisements (OR 0.87; 95% CI 0.79 to 0.96 for one-unit increase in TCS advertising score), but not e-cigarette advertisements (OR 1.08; 95% CI 0.95 to 1.22). CONCLUSION: Ten years after ratification of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, self-reported exposure to tobacco and e-cigarette advertising in the EU is higher in e-cigarette and tobacco users, as well as those with internet access. The implementation of the Tobacco Products Directive may result in significant changes in e-cigarette advertising, therefore improved monitoring of advertising exposure is required in the coming years.
Filippidis FT, Laverty AA, Gerovasili V, et al., 2017, Two-year trends and predictors of e-cigarette use in 27 European Union member states, TOBACCO CONTROL, Vol: 26, Pages: 98-104, ISSN: 0964-4563
Korompoki E, Filippidis FT, Nielsen PB, et al., 2017, Long-term antithrombotic treatment in intracranial hemorrhage survivors with atrial fibrillation, NEUROLOGY, Vol: 89, Pages: 687-696, ISSN: 0028-3878
Laverty AA, Filippidis FT, Fernandez E, et al., 2017, E-cigarette use and support for banning e-cigarette use in public places in the European Union., Prev Med, Vol: 105, Pages: 10-14
We investigated the factors associated with support for banning e-cigarette use in public places in the European Union (EU) and how this varies by socio-demographic determinants, use of tobacco, ever use of e-cigarettes and their perceived harm. Data are from the representative Special Eurobarometer for Tobacco survey performed in 2014 (n=27,801) in 28 EU member states. Analyses were conducted separately by tobacco use status (never, current, and former smokers) and e-cigarette experimentation status. 70.9% of never smokers, 63.1% of former smokers and 45.7% of current smokers in the EU supported a ban on the use of e-cigarettes in public places. In all groups, support for banning e-cigarettes in public places was lower among those who had experimented with e-cigarettes (adjusted odds ratios (aOR) 0.43 vs. 0.50 vs. 0.61, among never, current and former smokers respectively) and higher among those who perceived e-cigarettes as harmful (aORs 2.49 vs 2.35 vs. 2.40, among never, current and former smokers respectively). 40.5% of those who had experimented with e-cigarettes supported a ban on use in public places, although levels of support were lower among those who started using e-cigarettes in order to circumvent existing smoking bans (aOR 0.54, 95% Confidence Interval 0.45-0.64). Bans of e-cigarette use in public places in Europe have high levels of public support even among former and current tobacco smokers, although this does vary across population groups. As legislators consider approaches to e-cigarette use, public opinion is likely to become more important to the passing and enforcement of any legislation.
Palladino R, Hone T, Filippidis FT, 2017, Changes in support for bans of illicit drugs, tobacco, and alcohol among adolescents and young adults in Europe, 2008-2014., Int J Public Health
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the support for bans for tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs in adolescents and young adults across the European Union (EU). METHODS: Data were analysed for the years 2008, 2011, and 2014 for 27 EU member states. 37,253 individuals aged 15-24 years were interviewed ascertaining their support for banning tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, heroin, and ecstasy. Changes over time were assessed using multilevel logistic regression. RESULTS: Support for banning heroin, ecstasy, and cocaine was constantly greater than 90%, although support fell over time. Support for cannabis ban declined (from 67.6% in 2008 to 53.7% in 2014) as well as support for alcohol ban (from 8.9% in 2008 to 6.9% in 2014) and tobacco ban (from 17.9% in 2008 to 16.5% in 2014). CONCLUSIONS: Support for banning substances among EU adolescents and young adults varied, with high support for heroin, cocaine, and ecstasy, but less support for banning cannabis, tobacco, and alcohol. There was reduction in support of banning all substances between 2008 and 2014, but this varied substantially between European countries.
Rajani NB, Vlachantoni IT, Vardavas CI, et al., 2017, The association between occupational secondhand smoke exposure and life satisfaction among adults in the European Union, TOBACCO INDUCED DISEASES, Vol: 15, ISSN: 1617-9625
Vardavas CI, Girvalaki C, Filippidis FT, et al., 2017, Characteristics and outcomes of e-cigarette exposure incidents reported to 10 European Poison Centers: a retrospective data analysis, TOBACCO INDUCED DISEASES, Vol: 15, ISSN: 1617-9625
Agaku IT, Blecher E, Filippidis FT, et al., 2016, Impact of cigarette price differences across the entire European Union on cross-border purchase of tobacco products among adult cigarette smokers, TOBACCO CONTROL, Vol: 25, Pages: 333-340, ISSN: 0964-4563
Alshaikh MK, Filippidis FT, Baldove JP, et al., 2016, Women in Saudi Arabia and the Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Systematic Review, JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH, ISSN: 1687-9805
Filippidis FT, 2016, Emigrating young physicians leave Greece with an aging health workforce, JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 38, Pages: E587-E587, ISSN: 1741-3842
Filippidis FT, 2016, Tobacco control: a victim of political instability in Greece, LANCET, Vol: 387, Pages: 338-339, ISSN: 0140-6736
Filippidis FT, Agaku IT, Girvalaki C, et al., 2016, Relationship of secondhand smoke exposure with sociodemographic factors and smoke-free legislation in the European Union, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 26, Pages: 344-349, ISSN: 1101-1262
Filippidis FT, Agaku IT, Vardavas CI, 2016, Geographic variation and socio-demographic determinants of the co-occurrence of risky health behaviours in 27 European Union member states, JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 38, Pages: E13-E20, ISSN: 1741-3842
Filippidis FT, Gerovasili V, Man WD-C, et al., 2016, Trends in mortality from respiratory system diseases in Greece during the financial crisis, EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, Vol: 48, Pages: 1487-1489, ISSN: 0903-1936
Filippidis FT, Laverty AA, 2016, Perceptions of opportunities for physical activity in 28 European countries, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, Vol: 86, Pages: 136-140, ISSN: 0091-7435
Filippidis FT, Laverty AA, Vardavas CI, 2016, Experimentation with e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid: a cross-sectional study in 28 European Union member states, BMJ OPEN, Vol: 6, ISSN: 2044-6055
Filippidis FT, Mian SS, Millett C, 2016, Perceptions of quality and safety and experience of adverse events in 27 European Union healthcare systems, 2009-2013, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR QUALITY IN HEALTH CARE, Vol: 28, Pages: 721-727, ISSN: 1353-4505
Filippidis FT, Tzoulaki I, 2016, GREECE GIVING UP ON TOBACCO CONTROL, ADDICTION, Vol: 111, Pages: 1306-1307, ISSN: 0965-2140
Geraghty O, Korompoki E, Filippidis FT, et al., 2016, Cardiac diagnostic work-up for atrial fibrillation after transient ischaemic attacks in England and Wales: results from a cross-sectional survey, BMJ OPEN, Vol: 6, ISSN: 2044-6055
Hone T, Palladino R, Filippidis FT, 2016, Association of searching for health-related information online with self-rated health in the European Union., Eur J Public Health, Vol: 26, Pages: 748-753
BACKGROUND: The Internet is widely accessed for health information, but poor quality information may lead to health-worsening behaviours (e.g. non-compliance). Little is known about the health of individuals who use the Internet for health information. METHODS: Using the Flash Eurobarometer survey 404, European Union (EU) citizens aged ≥15 (n = 26 566) were asked about Internet utilisation for health information ('general' or 'disease-specific'), the sources used, self-rated health, and socioeconomic variables. Multivariable logistic regression was employed to assess the likelihood of bad self-rated health and accessing different health information sources (social networks, official website, online newspaper, dedicated websites, search engines). RESULTS: Those searching for general information were less likely to report bad health [odds ratios (OR) = 0.80; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.70-0.92], whilst those searching for disease-specific information were more likely (OR = 1.22; 95% CI: 1.07-1.38). Higher education and frequent doctor visits were associated with use of official websites and dedicated apps for health. Variation between EU member states in the proportion of people who had searched for general or disease-specific information online was high. CONCLUSIONS: Searching for general health information may be more conducive to better health, as it is easier to understand, and those accessing it may already be or looking to lead healthier lives. Disease-specific information may be harder to understand and assimilate into appropriate care worsening self-rated health. It may also be accessed if health services fail to meet individuals' needs, and health status is currently poor. Ensuring individuals' access to quality health services and health information will be key to addressing inequalities in health.
Laverty AA, Vardavas CI, Filippidis FT, 2016, Design and marketing features influencing choice of e-cigarettes and tobacco in the EU, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 26, Pages: 838-841, ISSN: 1101-1262
Palladino R, Lee JT, Hone T, et al., 2016, The Great Recession and Increased Cost Sharing In European Health System, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 26, ISSN: 1101-1262
Palladino R, Lee JT, Hone T, et al., 2016, The Great Recession And Increased Cost Sharing In European Health Systems., Health Aff (Millwood), Vol: 35, Pages: 1204-1213
European health systems are increasingly adopting cost-sharing models, potentially increasing out-of-pocket expenditures for patients who use health care services or buy medications. Government policies that increase patient cost sharing are responding to incremental growth in cost pressures from aging populations and the need to invest in new health technologies, as well as to general constraints on public expenditures resulting from the Great Recession (2007-09). We used data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe to examine changes from 2006-07 to 2013 in out-of-pocket expenditures among people ages fifty and older in eleven European countries. Our results identify increases both in the proportion of older European citizens who incurred out-of-pocket expenditures and in mean out-of-pocket expenditures over this period. We also identified a significant increase over time in the percentage of people who incurred catastrophic health expenditures (greater than 30 percent of the household income) in the Czech Republic, Italy, and Spain. Poorer populations were less likely than those in the highest income quintile to incur an out-of-pocket expenditure and reported lower mean out-of-pocket expenditures, which suggests that measures are in place to provide poorer groups with some financial protection. These findings indicate the substantial weakening of financial protection for people ages fifty and older in European health systems after the Great Recession.
Rajani NB, Giannakopoulos G, Filippidis FT, 2016, Job insecurity, financial difficulties and mental health in Europe, OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE-OXFORD, Vol: 66, Pages: 681-683, ISSN: 0962-7480
Stratakos G, Gerovasili V, Dimitropoulos C, et al., 2016, Survival and Quality of Life Benefit after Endoscopic Management of Malignant Central Airway Obstruction, JOURNAL OF CANCER, Vol: 7, Pages: 794-802, ISSN: 1837-9664
Agaku IT, Awopegba AJ, Filippidis FT, 2015, The impact of inter-survey differences in the definition of current smokeless tobacco use on comparability of US national and state-specific prevalence estimates, 2009-2011, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, Vol: 74, Pages: 86-92, ISSN: 0091-7435
This data is extracted from the Web of Science and reproduced under a licence from Thomson Reuters. You may not copy or re-distribute this data in whole or in part without the written consent of the Science business of Thomson Reuters.