Imperial College London

Dr Fu Siong Ng

Faculty of MedicineNational Heart & Lung Institute

Clinical Senior Lecturer in Cardiac Electrophysiology
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 3614f.ng Website

 
 
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Location

 

ICTEM buildingHammersmith Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Handa:2020:cvr/cvaa141,
author = {Handa, B and Li, X and Baxan, N and Roney, C and Shchendrygina, A and Mansfield, C and Jabbour, R and Pitcher, D and Chowdhury, RA and Peters, N and Ng, FS},
doi = {cvr/cvaa141},
journal = {Cardiovascular Research},
title = {Ventricular fibrillation mechanism and global fibrillatory organisation are determined by gap junction coupling and fibrosis pattern},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvaa141},
year = {2020}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - AimsConflicting data exist supporting differing mechanisms for sustaining ventricular fibrillation (VF), ranging from disorganised multiple-wavelet activation to organised rotational activities (RAs). Abnormal gap junction (GJ) coupling and fibrosis are important in initiation and maintenance of VF. We investigated whether differing ventricular fibrosis patterns and the degree of GJ coupling affected the underlying VF mechanism.Methods and ResultsOptical mapping of 65 Langendorff-perfused rat hearts was performed to study VF mechanisms in control hearts with acute GJ modulation, and separately in three differing chronic ventricular fibrosis models; compact (CF), diffuse (DiF) and patchy (PF). VF dynamics were quantified with phase mapping and frequency dominance index (FDI) analysis, a power ratio of the highest amplitude dominant frequency in the cardiac frequency spectrum.Enhanced GJ coupling with rotigaptide (n = 10) progressively organised fibrillation in a concentration-dependent manner; increasing FDI (0nM: 0.53±0.04, 80nM: 0.78±0.03, p < 0.001), increasing RA sustained VF time (0nM:44±6%, 80nM: 94±2%, p < 0.001) and stabilised RAs (maximum rotations for a RA; 0nM:5.4±0.5, 80nM: 48.2±12.3, p < 0.001). GJ uncoupling with carbenoxolone progressively disorganised VF; the FDI decreased (0µM: 0.60±0.05, 50µM: 0.17±0.03, p < 0.001) and RA-sustained VF time decreased (0µM: 61±9%, 50µM: 3±2%, p < 0.001).In CF, VF activity was disorganised and the RA-sustained VF time was the lowest (CF: 27±7% versus PF: 75±5%, p < 0.001). Global fibrillatory organisation measured by FDI was highest in PF (PF: 0.67±0.05 versus CF: 0.33±0.03, p < 0.001). PF harboured the longest duration and most spatially stable RAs (patchy: 1411&plusm
AU - Handa,B
AU - Li,X
AU - Baxan,N
AU - Roney,C
AU - Shchendrygina,A
AU - Mansfield,C
AU - Jabbour,R
AU - Pitcher,D
AU - Chowdhury,RA
AU - Peters,N
AU - Ng,FS
DO - cvr/cvaa141
PY - 2020///
SN - 0008-6363
TI - Ventricular fibrillation mechanism and global fibrillatory organisation are determined by gap junction coupling and fibrosis pattern
T2 - Cardiovascular Research
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvaa141
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/80086
ER -