Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Research Fellow



+44 (0)20 7594 5973g.fowler




413Skempton BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Kumar, S and Smith, SR and Fowler, G and Velis, C and Kumar, SJ and Arya, S and Rena and Kumar, R and Cheeseman, C},
doi = {10.1098/rsos.160764},
journal = {Royal Society Open Science},
title = {Challenges and opportunities associated with waste management in India},
url = {},
volume = {4},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - India faces major environmental challenges associated withwaste generation and inadequate waste collection, transport,treatment and disposal. Current systems in India cannotcope with the volumes of waste generated by an increasingurban population, and this impacts on the environment andpublic health. The challenges and barriers are significant,but so are the opportunities. This paper reports on aninternational seminar on ‘Sustainable solid waste managementfor cities: opportunities in South Asian Association for RegionalCooperation (SAARC) countries’ organized by the Councilof Scientific and Industrial Research-National EnvironmentalEngineering Research Institute and the Royal Society. A priorityis to move from reliance on waste dumps that offer noenvironmental protection, to waste management systems thatretain useful resources within the economy. Waste segregationat source and use of specialized waste processing facilitiesto separate recyclable materials has a key role. Disposal ofresidual waste after extraction of material resources needsengineered landfill sites and/or investment in waste-to-energyfacilities. The potential for energy generation from landfill viamethane extraction or thermal treatment is a major opportunity,but a key barrier is the shortage of qualified engineers andenvironmental professionals with the experience to deliverimproved waste management systems in India.
AU - Kumar,S
AU - Smith,SR
AU - Fowler,G
AU - Velis,C
AU - Kumar,SJ
AU - Arya,S
AU - Rena
AU - Kumar,R
AU - Cheeseman,C
DO - 10.1098/rsos.160764
PY - 2017///
SN - 2054-5703
TI - Challenges and opportunities associated with waste management in India
T2 - Royal Society Open Science
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 4
ER -