Imperial College London

Dr Helen Brindley

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Physics

Reader in Earth Observation



+44 (0)20 7594 7673h.brindley




717Huxley BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Cahill, B and Toumi, R and Stenchikov, G and Osipov, S and Brindley, H},
doi = {10.1002/2016JC011911},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans},
pages = {1325--1346},
title = {Evaluation of thermal and dynamic impacts of summer dust aerosols on the Red Sea},
url = {},
volume = {122},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The seasonal response of upper ocean processes in the Red Sea to summer-time dust aerosol perturbations is investigated using an uncoupled regional ocean model. We find that the upper limit response is highly sensitive to dust-induced reductions in radiative fluxes. Sea surface cooling of −1°C and −2°C is predicted in the northern and southern regions, respectively. This cooling is associated with a net radiation reduction of −40 W m−2 and −90 W m−2 over the northern and southern regions, respectively. Larger cooling occurs below the mixed layer at 75 m in autumn, −1.2°C (north) and −1.9°C (south). SSTs adjust more rapidly (ca. 30 days) than the subsurface temperatures (seasonal time scales), due to stronger stratification and increased mixed layer stability inhibiting the extent of vertical mixing. The basin average annual heat flux reverses sign and becomes positive, +4.2 W m−2 (as compared to observed estimates −17.3 W m−2) indicating a small gain of heat from the atmosphere. When we consider missing feedbacks from atmospheric processes in our uncoupled experiment, we postulate that the magnitude of cooling and the time scales for adjustment will be much less, and that the annual heat flux will not reverse sign but nevertheless be reduced as a result of dust perturbations. While our study highlights the importance of considering coupled ocean-atmosphere processes on the net surface energy flux in dust perturbation studies, the results of our uncoupled dust experiment still provide an upper limit estimate of the response of the upper ocean to dust-induced radiative forcing perturbations.
AU - Cahill,B
AU - Toumi,R
AU - Stenchikov,G
AU - Osipov,S
AU - Brindley,H
DO - 10.1002/2016JC011911
EP - 1346
PY - 2017///
SN - 2169-9275
SP - 1325
TI - Evaluation of thermal and dynamic impacts of summer dust aerosols on the Red Sea
T2 - Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 122
ER -