Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Honorary Research Associate



+44 (0)20 7594 3277i.bakolis Website




531Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus






BibTex format

author = {Deb, T and Lempp, H and Bakolis, I and Vince, T and Waugh, W and Henderson, C and Thornicroft, G and Ando, S and Yamaguchi, S and Matsunaga, A and Kondo, S and Ichihashi, K and Ojio, Y and Ogawa, M and Fujii, C and Kasai, K and Candelas, A and Martin, L and Jimenez, A and Castaneda, C and Hernandez, C and de, la Higuera J and Munoz-Negro, JE and Sola, M and Garcia, R and Miguel, Gota J and Francisco, Mula J and Lopez, A and Oria, A and Cervilla, JA and Bono, A and Franco, D and Gomez, J and Jimenez, C and Dorado, R and Ingunza, E and Marquez, I and de, la Vega D and Ga-Cubillana, P and Ouali, U and Jouini, L and Zgueb, Y and Jomli, R and Nacef, F and Campbell, M and Stein, D and Harangozo, J and Ojo, TM and Ogunwale, A and Sowunmi, AO and Awhangansi, SS and Ogundapo, D and Sodiya, OT and Fadipe, B and Olagunju, AT and Erinfolami, AR and Ogunnubi, PO and Tomas, CC and Krupchanka, D and Pascucci, M and Bacle, SV and Colliez, A and Sebbane, D and Mengin, A and Vidailhet, P and Cazals, C a},
doi = {10.1186/s12909-019-1472-7},
journal = {BMC Medical Education},
title = {Responding to experienced and anticipated discrimination (READ): anti -stigma training for medical students towards patients with mental illness - study protocol for an international multisite non-randomised controlled study},
url = {},
volume = {19},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BackgroundStigma and discrimination are a significant public health concern and cause great distress to people with mental illness. Healthcare professionals have been identified as one source of this discrimination. In this article we describe the protocol of an international, multisite controlled study, evaluating the effectiveness of READ, an anti-stigma training for medical students towards patients with mental illness. READ aims to improve students’ ability to minimise perceived discriminatory behaviours and increase opportunities for patients, therefore developing the ability of future doctors to address and challenge mental illness related discrimination. READ includes components that medical education research has shown to be effective at improving attitudes, beliefs and understanding.Methods/designREAD training was developed using evidence based components associated with changes in stigma related outcomes. The study will take place in multiple international medical schools across high, middle and low income countries forming part of the INDIGO group network, with 25 sites in total. Students will be invited to participate via email from the lead researcher at each site during their psychiatry placement, and will be allocated to an intervention or a control arm according to their local teaching group at each site. READ training will be delivered solely to the intervention arm. Standardised measures will be used to assess students’ knowledge, attitudes and skills regarding discrimination in both the intervention and control groups, at baseline and at follow up immediately after the intervention. Statistical analyses of individual-level data will be conducted using random effects models accounting for clustering within sites to investigate changes in mean or percentages of each outcome, at baseline and immediately after the intervention.DiscussionThis is the first international study across high, middle and low income countries, which will evaluate
AU - Deb,T
AU - Lempp,H
AU - Bakolis,I
AU - Vince,T
AU - Waugh,W
AU - Henderson,C
AU - Thornicroft,G
AU - Ando,S
AU - Yamaguchi,S
AU - Matsunaga,A
AU - Kondo,S
AU - Ichihashi,K
AU - Ojio,Y
AU - Ogawa,M
AU - Fujii,C
AU - Kasai,K
AU - Candelas,A
AU - Martin,L
AU - Jimenez,A
AU - Castaneda,C
AU - Hernandez,C
AU - de,la Higuera J
AU - Munoz-Negro,JE
AU - Sola,M
AU - Garcia,R
AU - Miguel,Gota J
AU - Francisco,Mula J
AU - Lopez,A
AU - Oria,A
AU - Cervilla,JA
AU - Bono,A
AU - Franco,D
AU - Gomez,J
AU - Jimenez,C
AU - Dorado,R
AU - Ingunza,E
AU - Marquez,I
AU - de,la Vega D
AU - Ga-Cubillana,P
AU - Ouali,U
AU - Jouini,L
AU - Zgueb,Y
AU - Jomli,R
AU - Nacef,F
AU - Campbell,M
AU - Stein,D
AU - Harangozo,J
AU - Ojo,TM
AU - Ogunwale,A
AU - Sowunmi,AO
AU - Awhangansi,SS
AU - Ogundapo,D
AU - Sodiya,OT
AU - Fadipe,B
AU - Olagunju,AT
AU - Erinfolami,AR
AU - Ogunnubi,PO
AU - Tomas,CC
AU - Krupchanka,D
AU - Pascucci,M
AU - Bacle,SV
AU - Colliez,A
AU - Sebbane,D
AU - Mengin,A
AU - Vidailhet,P
AU - Cazals,C
AU - Ucok,A
AU - Fiorillo,A
AU - Sampogna,G
AU - Savorani,M
AU - Del,Vecchio V
AU - Luciano,M
AU - Borriello,G
AU - Pocai,B
AU - Nwaubani,P
AU - James,Y
AU - Tocca,A
AU - Pattnaik,R
AU - Chilasagaram,S
AU - Wufang,Z
DO - 10.1186/s12909-019-1472-7
PY - 2019///
SN - 1472-6920
TI - Responding to experienced and anticipated discrimination (READ): anti -stigma training for medical students towards patients with mental illness - study protocol for an international multisite non-randomised controlled study
T2 - BMC Medical Education
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 19
ER -