41 results found
Garcia-Larsen V, Morton V, Norat T, et al., 2019, Dietary patterns derived from principal component analysis (PCA) and risk of colorectal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, Vol: 73, Pages: 366-386, ISSN: 0954-3007
Deb T, Lempp H, Bakolis I, et al., 2019, Responding to experienced and anticipated discrimination (READ): anti -stigma training for medical students towards patients with mental illness - study protocol for an international multisite non-randomised controlled study, BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION, Vol: 19, ISSN: 1472-6920
Polling C, Bakolis I, Hotopf M, et al., 2019, Spatial patterning of self-harm rates within urban areas, SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol: 54, Pages: 69-79, ISSN: 0933-7954
Gazard B, Chui Z, Harber-Aschan L, et al., 2018, Barrier or stressor? The role of discrimination experiences in health service use, BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 18, ISSN: 1471-2458
Bakolis I, Hooper R, Bachert C, et al., 2018, Dietary patterns and respiratory health in adults from nine European countries-Evidence from the GA(2)LEN study, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY, Vol: 48, Pages: 1474-1482, ISSN: 0954-7894
Yoshimura Y, Bakolis I, Henderson C, 2018, Psychiatric diagnosis and other predictors of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and concealment of mental illness among mental health service users in England, SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol: 53, Pages: 1099-1109, ISSN: 0933-7954
Sadler E, Khadjesari Z, Ziemann A, et al., 2018, Case management for integrated care of frail older people in community settings, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Vol: 2018
© 2018 The Cochrane Collaboration. This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effectiveness of case management for integrated care of frail older people compared to usual care.
Barnard S, Free C, Bakolis I, et al., 2018, Comparing the characteristics of users of an online service for STI self-sampling with clinic service users: a cross-sectional analysis, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS, Vol: 94, Pages: 377-383, ISSN: 1368-4973
East K, Hitchman SC, Bakolis I, et al., 2018, The Association Between Smoking and Electronic Cigarette Use in a Cohort of Young People, JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH, Vol: 62, Pages: 539-547, ISSN: 1054-139X
Hansell AL, Bakolis I, Cowie CT, et al., 2018, Childhood fish oil supplementation modifies associations between traffic related air pollution and allergic sensitisation, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, Vol: 17, ISSN: 1476-069X
Bakolis I, Hammoud R, Smythe M, et al., 2018, Urban Mind: Using Smartphone Technologies to Investigate the Impact of Nature on Mental-Well-Being in Real Time, BIOSCIENCE, Vol: 68, Pages: 134-145, ISSN: 0006-3568
Carruthers S, Kinnaird E, Rudra A, et al., 2018, A cross-cultural study of autistic traits across India, Japan and the UK., Mol Autism, Vol: 9
Background: There is a global need for brief screening instruments that can identify key indicators for autism to support frontline professionals in their referral decision-making. Although a universal set of conditions, there may be subtle differences in expression, identification and reporting of autistic traits across cultures. In order to assess the potential for any measure for cross-cultural screening use, it is important to understand the relative performance of such measures in different cultures. Our study aimed to identify the items on the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ)-Child that are most predictive of an autism diagnosis among children aged 4-9 years across samples from India, Japan and the UK. Methods: We analysed parent-reported AQ-Child data from India (73 children with an autism diagnosis and 81 neurotypical children), Japan (116 children with autism and 190 neurotypical children) and the UK (488 children with autism and 532 neurotypical children). None of the children had a reported existing diagnosis of intellectual disability. Discrimination indices (DI) and positive predictive values (PPV) were used to identify the most predictive items in each country. Results: Sixteen items in the Indian sample, 15 items in the Japanese sample and 28 items in the UK sample demonstrated excellent discriminatory power (DI ≥ 0.5 and PPV ≥ 0.7), suggesting these items represent the strongest indicators for predicting an autism diagnosis within these countries. Across cultures, good performing items were largely overlapping, with five key indicator items appearing across all three countries (can easily keep track of several different people's conversations, enjoys social chit-chat, knows how to tell if someone listening to him/her is getting bored, good at social chit-chat, finds it difficult to work out people's intentions). Four items indicated potential cultural differences. One item was highly discriminative in Japan but poorly discrimina
Michelini G, Jurgiel J, Bakolis I, et al., 2017, Atypical functional connectivity in adolescents and adults with persistent and remitted ADHD
We previously provided initial evidence for cognitive and event-related potential markers of persistence/remission of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from childhood to adolescence and adulthood. In this follow-up study, using a novel brain-network connectivity approach, we aimed to examine whether functional connectivity reflects a marker of ADHD remission, or an enduring deficit unrelated to ADHD outcome. High-density EEG was recorded in 110 adolescents and young adults with childhood ADHD (87 persisters, 23 remitters) and 169 typically-developing individuals during an arrow-flanker task, eliciting cognitive control. Functional connectivity was quantified with network-based graph-theory metrics before target onset (pre-stimulus), during target processing (post-stimulus) and in the degree of change between pre-stimulus/post-stimulus. ADHD outcome was examined with parent-reported symptoms and impairment using both a categorical (DSM-IV) and a dimensional approach. Graph-theory measures converged in indicating that, compared to controls, ADHD persisters showed increased connectivity in pre-stimulus theta, alpha and beta and in post-stimulus beta (all p<.01), and reduced pre-stimulus/post-stimulus change in theta connectivity (p<.01). In the majority of indices showing ADHD persister-control differences, ADHD remitters differed from controls (all p<.05), but not from persisters. Similarly, connectivity measures were not associated with continuous outcome measures of ADHD symptoms and impairment in participants with childhood ADHD. These findings indicate that adolescents and young adults with persistent and remitted ADHD share atypical over-connectivity profiles and reduced ability to modulate connectivity patterns with task demands, compared to controls. Brain connectivity impairments may represent enduring deficits in individuals with childhood ADHD irrespective of diagnostic status in adolescence/young adulthood.
Sampogna G, Bakolis I, Robinson E, et al., 2017, Experience of the Time to Change programme in England as predictor of mental health service users' stigma coping strategies, EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRIC SCIENCES, Vol: 26, Pages: 517-525, ISSN: 2045-7960
Chamitava L, Bakolis I, Burney PGJ, et al., 2017, Respiratory health and dietary patterns in adults from ECRHS III, European-Respiratory-Society (ERS) International Congress, Publisher: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY SOC JOURNALS LTD, ISSN: 0903-1936
Sampogna G, Bakolis I, Evans-Lacko S, et al., 2017, The impact of social marketing campaigns on reducing mental health stigma: Results from the 2009-2014 Time to Change programme, EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY, Vol: 40, Pages: 116-122, ISSN: 0924-9338
Bartington SE, Bakolis I, Devakumar D, et al., 2017, Patterns of domestic exposure to carbon monoxide and particulate matter in households using biomass fuel in Janakpur, Nepal, ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, Vol: 220, Pages: 38-45, ISSN: 0269-7491
Bakolis I, Kelly R, Fecht D, et al., 2016, Protective Effects of Smoke-free Legislation on Birth Outcomes in England A Regression Discontinuity Design, EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol: 27, Pages: 810-818, ISSN: 1044-3983
Luciano M, Sampogna G, Del Vecchio V, et al., 2016, Pathways to care and duration of untreated psychosis in patients with a first episode of psychosis in Italy, International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, Vol: 9, Pages: 293-302, ISSN: 1754-2863
© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This study aimed to examine the pathways to care and the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) in first-episode psychosis patients in Italy. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients were collected using an ad-hoc schedule. Pathways to care of patients were evaluated by the Nottingham Onset Schedule, administered to patients, key-relatives and key-workers. Forty patients from the Department of Psychiatry of University of Naples were recruited. Mean duration of untreated illness (DUI) was 135.9±145.9 weeks, main DUP was 27.4±26.7 weeks. First help-seeking contact, often mediated by close relatives, took place after 21.6±43.8 weeks from symptoms onset and was with general practitioners, neurologists or psychologists. Only 25% immediately referred to psychiatrists. Patients had 1.8±0.8 contacts with non-psychiatric medical professionals before referring to the mental health service, and the mean time between first contact and adequate psychiatric treatments (referral delay) was 26.6±64.1 weeks. The DUI and DUP was longer in patients with less education (p <.05) and in those with an insidious onset of symptoms (p <.01). Targeted interventions and information campaigns on at-risk populations, such as young people and their relatives, could reduce the DUP, thus improving the long-term outcome of psychotic disorders.
Douglas P, Bakolis I, Fecht D, et al., 2016, Respiratory hospital admission risk near large composting facilities, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYGIENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, Vol: 219, Pages: 372-379, ISSN: 1438-4639
Cai TY, Sullivan TR, Ayer JG, et al., 2016, Carotid extramedial thickness is associated with local arterial stiffness in children, JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, Vol: 34, Pages: 109-115, ISSN: 0263-6352
Bakolis I, Heinrich J, Zock JP, et al., 2015, House dust-mite allergen exposure is associated with serum specific IgE but not with respiratory outcomes, INDOOR AIR, Vol: 25, Pages: 235-244, ISSN: 0905-6947
Garcia-Larsen V, Amigo H, Bustos P, et al., 2015, Ventilatory Function in Young Adults and Dietary Antioxidant Intake, NUTRIENTS, Vol: 7, Pages: 2879-2896, ISSN: 2072-6643
Bakolis I, Burney P, Hooper R, 2014, Principal components analysis of diet and alternatives for identifying the combination of foods that are associated with the risk of disease: a simulation study, BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, Vol: 112, Pages: 61-69, ISSN: 0007-1145
Hansell AL, Rose N, Cowie CT, et al., 2014, Weighted Road Density and Allergic Disease in Children at High Risk of Developing Asthma, PLOS ONE, Vol: 9, ISSN: 1932-6203
Larsen VG, Burney P, Bakolis I, et al., 2012, Ventilatory function and markers of metabolic disorders in young adults, Publisher: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY SOC JOURNALS LTD, ISSN: 0903-1936
Bakolis I, Doekes G, Heinrich J, et al., 2012, Respiratory health and endotoxin: associations and modification by CD14/-260 genotype, EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, Vol: 39, Pages: 573-581, ISSN: 0903-1936
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