86 results found
Green RJ, Staffell I, 2014, The Impact of Government Interventions on Investment in the GB Electricity Market, Brussels, Publisher: European Commission
Report to DG Competition of the European Commission in the State Aid case concerning the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station
Staffell I, Shang JL, Kendall K, 2014, Atomic Models of Strong Solids Interfaces Viewed as Composite Structures, APPLIED COMPOSITE MATERIALS, Vol: 21, Pages: 45-55, ISSN: 0929-189X
Staffell I, Green R, 2014, GAMS FlexNet Power Scheduler
Dodds PE, Ekins P, Hawkes A, et al., 2014, The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in providing affordable, secure low-carbon heat, Pages: 1403-1410
© (2014) by the Committee of WHEC2014. The debate on low carbon heat in Europe has become focused on a narrow range of technological options, largely neglecting hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Yet commercial ventures installing fuel cell CHP and establishing pilot programmes for injecting hydrogen into natural gas grids have already emerged. Furthermore, recent research suggests that the potential for hydrogen and fuel cells may have been overlooked, suggesting a gap between the scientific evidence base and policy direction. Thus there is a clear need-also recognised by government-for a clear assessment of the evidence on the potential for hydrogen and fuel cells in meeting the goals of European heat policy: The provision of secure, affordable, low-carbon heat. The UK H2FC Hub, which represents the UK hydrogen and fuel cell research community, is launching a White Paper in May 2014 to set out the potential for hydrogen and fuel cells to contribute to affordable, secure, low-carbon heating in the future. This paper will provide an authoritative, accessible, detailed account that is specifically targeted at policymakers and other stakeholders. It will bring together the evidence on the technical, economic, market, system and policy issues surrounding hydrogen and fuel cell heat.
Green R, Staffell I, 2013, Gold on them thar hills? Estimating wind farm rents in the UK’s Electricity Market Reform, Gold on them thar hills? Estimating wind farm rents in the UK’s Electricity Market Reform
Staffell I, Green R, 2013, The cost of domestic fuel cell micro-CHP systems, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol: 38, Pages: 1088-1102, ISSN: 0360-3199
Hawkes AD, Staffell I, Bergman N, et al., 2010, A Change of Scale? Prospects for Distributed Energy Resources, Energy 2050, Editors: Skea, Ekins, Winskel, London, UK, Publisher: Earthscan
Brett DJL, Manage M, Agante E, et al., 2012, Fuels and fuel processing for low temperature fuel cells, Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology: Fundamentals and Performance of Low Temperature Fuel Cells, Pages: 3-26, ISBN: 9781845697730
This chapter examines the role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells. The range of fuels and impurities that are of relevance to low-temperature fuel cells are discussed and the performance from a thermodynamic perspective is analysed. As a route to hydrogen, various fuel processing options are considered along with an overview of the major storage techniques. Issues associated with alternative fuels are covered along with the deleterious properties of fuels and their impurities. © 2012 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.
Staffell I, Ingram A, Kendall K, 2012, Energy and carbon payback times for solid oxide fuel cell based domestic CHP, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol: 37, Pages: 2509-2523, ISSN: 0360-3199
Brett DJL, Agante E, Brandon NP, et al., 2012, The role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells, Functional Materials for Sustainable Energy Applications, Pages: 249-278, ISBN: 9780857090591
This chapter examines the role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells. The range of fuels that are of relevance to fuel cells are discussed and the performance from a thermodynamic perspective is analysed. As a route to hydrogen, various fuel processing options are considered along with an overview of the major storage techniques. Issues associated with alternative fuels are covered along with the deleterious properties of fuels and their impurities. © 2012 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.
Ang SMC, Brett DJL, Staffell I, et al., 2012, Design of fuel-cell micro-cogeneration systems through modeling and optimization, WIREs Energy and Environment, Vol: 1, Pages: 181-193
Staffell I, Kendall K, 2012, Lower carbon cars by reducing dissipation in hydrogen hybrids, International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, Vol: 7, Pages: 10-15
Heat pumps are a promising technology for heating (and cooling) domestic buildings that provide exceptionally high efficiencies compared with fossil fuel combustion. There are in the region of a billion heat pumps in use world-wide, but despite their maturity they are a relatively new technology to many regions. This article gives an overview of the state-of-the-art technologies and the practical issues faced when installing and operating them. It focuses on the performance obtained in real-world operation, surveying the published efficiency figures for hundreds of air source and ground source heat pumps (ASHP and GSHP), and presenting a method to relate these to results from recent UK and German field trials. It also covers commercial aspects of the technologies, the typical savings in primary energy usage, carbon dioxide emissions abatement that can be realised, and wider implications of their uptake.
Pollet BG, Staffell I, Shang JL, 2012, Current status of hybrid, battery and fuel cell electric vehicles: From electrochemistry to market prospects, Electrochimica Acta, Vol: 84, Pages: 235-249
Brett DJL, Brandon NP, Hawkes AD, et al., 2011, Fuel cell systems for small and micro combined heat and power (CHP) applications, Small and micro combined heat and power (CHP) systems, Editors: Beith, Cambridge, UK, Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Limited, Pages: 233-261
Staffell I, 2011, Results from the Microcab fuel cell vehicle demonstration at the University of Birmingham, International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Vol: 3, Pages: 62-82
Kendall K, Pollet BG, Dhir A, et al., 2011, Hydrogen fuel cell hybrid vehicles (HFCHV) for Birmingham campus, Journal of Power Sources, Vol: 196, Pages: 325-330, ISSN: 0378-7753
Staffell I, Ingram A, 2010, Life cycle assessment of an alkaline fuel cell CHP system, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol: 35, Pages: 2491-2505, ISSN: 0360-3199
Pollet BG, Kendall K, Dhir A, et al., 2010, Hydrogen Fuel Cell Battery Electric Vehicles (HFCBEV) vs. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)–A Birmingham Experience, 18th World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2010 - WHEC 2010
Staffell I, Green RJ, 2009, Estimating future prices for stationary fuel cells with empirically derived experience curves, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol: 34, Pages: 5617-5628, ISSN: 0360-3199
Bergman N, Hawkes A, Brett DJL, et al., 2009, UK microgeneration. Part I: policy and behavioural aspects, Proceedings of the ICE - Energy, Vol: 162, Pages: 23-36
Hawkes AD, Staffell I, Brett DJL, et al., 2009, Fuel Cells for Micro-Combined Heat and Power Generation, Energy & Environmental Science, Vol: 2, Pages: 729-744
Staffell I, Green R, Kendall K, 2008, Cost targets for domestic fuel cell CHP, Journal of Power Sources, Vol: 181, Pages: 339-349
Vinca A, Parkinson S, Byers E, et al., The Nexus Solutions Tool (NEST): An open platform for optimizingmulti-scale energy-water-land system transformations
<jats:p>Abstract. The energy-water-land nexus represents a critical leverage future policies must draw upon to reduce trade-offs between sustainable development objectives. Yet, existing long-term planning tools do not provide the scope or level of integration across the nexus to unravel important development constraints. Moreover, existing tools and data are not always made openly available or are implemented across disparate modeling platforms that can be difficult to link directly with modern scientific computing tools and databases. In this paper, we present the Nexus Solutions Tool (NEST): a new open modeling platform that integrates multi-scale energy-water-land resource optimization with distributed hydrological modeling. The new approach provides insights into the vulnerability of water, energy and land resources to future socioeconomic and climatic change and how multi-sectoral policies, technological solutions and investments can improve the resilience and sustainability of transformation pathways while avoiding counterproductive interactions among sectors. NEST can be applied at different spatial and temporal resolutions, and is designed specifically to tap into the growing body of open access geospatial data available through national inventories and the earth system modeling community. A case study analysis of the Indus River Basin in South Asia demonstrates the capability of the model to capture important interlinkages across system transformation pathways towards the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals, including the intersections between local and regional transboundary policies and incremental investment costs from rapidly increasing regional consumption projected over the coming decades. </jats:p>
Staffell I, Scamman D, Abad AV, et al., The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in the global energy system, Publisher: Center for Open Science
<p>Hydrogen technologies have experienced cycles of excessive expectations followed by disillusion.Nonetheless, a growing body of evidence suggests these technologies form an attractive option forthe deep decarbonisation of global energy systems, and that recent improvements in their cost andperformance point towards economic viability as well. This paper is a comprehensive review of thepotential role that hydrogen could play in the provision of electricity, heat, industry, transport andenergy storage in a low-carbon energy system, and an assessment of the status of hydrogen in beingable to fulfil that potential. The picture that emerges is one of qualified promise: hydrogen is wellestablished in certain niches such as forklift trucks, while mainstream applications are now forthcoming.Hydrogen vehicles are available commercially in several countries, and 225,000 fuel cell home heatingsystems have been sold. This represents a step change from the situation of only five years ago. Thisreview shows that challenges around cost and performance remain, and considerable improvements arestill required for hydrogen to become truly competitive. But such competitiveness in the medium-termfuture no longer seems an unrealistic prospect, which fully justifies the growing interest and policysupport for these technologies around the world.</p>
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