Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Infectious Disease

Senior Research Fellow



+44 (0)20 7594 1803j.bosse




234Wright Fleming WingSt Mary's Campus






BibTex format

author = {Li, G and Xie, F and Zhang, Y and Bossé, JT and Langford, PR and Wang, C},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0141501},
journal = {PLOS One},
title = {Role of (p)ppGpp in Viability and Biofilm Formation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae S8.},
url = {},
volume = {10},
year = {2015}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is a Gram-negative bacterium and the cause of porcine pleuropneumonia. When the bacterium encounters nutritional starvation, the relA-dependent (p)ppGpp-mediated stringent response is activated. The modified nucleotides guanosine 5'-diphosphate 3'-diphosphate (ppGpp) and guanosine 5'-triphosphate 3'-diphosphate (pppGpp) are known to be signaling molecules in other prokaryotes. Here, to investigate the role of (p)ppGpp in A. pleuropneumoniae, we created a mutant A. pleuropneumoniae strain, S8ΔrelA, which lacks the (p)ppGpp-synthesizing enzyme RelA, and investigated its phenotype in vitro. S8ΔrelA did not survive after stationary phase (starvation condition) and grew exclusively as non-extended cells. Compared to the wild-type (WT) strain, the S8ΔrelA mutant had an increased ability to form a biofilm. Transcriptional profiles of early stationary phase cultures revealed that a total of 405 bacterial genes were differentially expressed (including 380 up-regulated and 25 down-regulated genes) in S8ΔrelA as compared with the WT strain. Most of the up-regulated genes are involved in ribosomal structure and biogenesis, amino acid transport and metabolism, translation cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis. The data indicate that (p)ppGpp coordinates the growth, viability, morphology, biofilm formation and metabolic ability of A. pleuropneumoniae in starvation conditions. Furthermore, S8ΔrelA could not use certain sugars nor produce urease which has been associated with the virulence of A. pleuropneumoniae, suggesting that (p)ppGpp may directly or indirectly affect the pathogenesis of A. pleuropneumoniae during the infection process. In summary, (p)ppGpp signaling represents an essential component of the regulatory network governing stress adaptation and virulence in A. pleuropneumoniae.
AU - Li,G
AU - Xie,F
AU - Zhang,Y
AU - Bossé,JT
AU - Langford,PR
AU - Wang,C
DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0141501
PY - 2015///
SN - 1932-6203
TI - Role of (p)ppGpp in Viability and Biofilm Formation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae S8.
T2 - PLOS One
UR -
UR -
VL - 10
ER -