Imperial College London

DrJanineBosse

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Infectious Disease

Senior Research Fellow
 
 
 
//

Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 1803j.bosse

 
 
//

Location

 

234Wright Fleming WingSt Mary's Campus

//

Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Li:2017:jac/dkx342,
author = {Li, Y and Li, Y and Fernandez, Crespo R and Leanse, LG and Langford, PR and Bosse, JT},
doi = {jac/dkx342},
journal = {Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy},
pages = {57--65},
title = {Characterisation of the Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae SXT-related Integrative and Conjugative Element ICEApl2, and analysis of the encoded FloR protein: hydrophobic residues in transmembrane domains contribute dynamically to florfenicol and chloramphenicol efflux},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkx342},
volume = {73},
year = {2017}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - ObjectivesTo characterize ICEApl2, an SXT-related integrative and conjugative element (ICE) found in a clinical isolate of the porcine pathogen Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, and analyse the functional nature of the encoded FloR.MethodsICEApl2 was identified in the genome of A. pleuropneumoniae MIDG3553. Functional analysis was done using conjugal transfer experiments. MIDG3553 was tested for susceptibility to the antimicrobials for which resistance genes are present in ICEApl2. Lack of florfenicol/chloramphenicol resistance conferred by the encoded FloR protein was investigated by cloning and site-directed mutagenesis experiments in Escherichia coli.ResultsICEApl2 is 92660 bp and contains 89 genes. Comparative sequence analysis indicated that ICEApl2 is a member of the SXT/R391 ICE family. Conjugation experiments showed that, although ICEApl2 is capable of excision from the chromosome, it is not self-transmissible. ICEApl2 encodes the antimicrobial resistance genes floR, strAB, sul2 and dfrA1, and MIDG3553 is resistant to streptomycin, sulfisoxazole and trimethoprim, but not florfenicol or chloramphenicol. Cloning and site-directed mutagenesis of the floR gene revealed the importance of the nature of the hydrophobic amino acid residues at positions 160 and 228 in FloR for determining resistance to florfenicol and chloramphenicol.ConclusionsOur results indicate that the nature of hydrophobic residues at positions 160 and 228 of FloR contribute dynamically to specific efflux of florfenicol and chloramphenicol, although some differences in resistance levels may depend on the bacterial host species. This is also, to our knowledge, the first description of an SXT/R391 ICE in A. pleuropneumoniae or any member of the Pasteurellaceae.
AU - Li,Y
AU - Li,Y
AU - Fernandez,Crespo R
AU - Leanse,LG
AU - Langford,PR
AU - Bosse,JT
DO - jac/dkx342
EP - 65
PY - 2017///
SN - 0305-7453
SP - 57
TI - Characterisation of the Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae SXT-related Integrative and Conjugative Element ICEApl2, and analysis of the encoded FloR protein: hydrophobic residues in transmembrane domains contribute dynamically to florfenicol and chloramphenicol efflux
T2 - Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkx342
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/50488
VL - 73
ER -