Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Computing

Professor of Computer Systems



+44 (0)20 7594 8375j.mccann Website




258ACE ExtensionSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Calder, M and Dobson, S and Fisher, M and McCann, J},
doi = {10.3390/computers7040062},
journal = {Computers},
title = {Making sense of the world: Framing models for trustworthy sensor-driven systems},
url = {},
volume = {7},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Sensor-driven systems provide data and information that facilitate real-time decision-making and autonomous actuation, as well as enable informed policy choices. However, can we be sure that these systems work as expected? Can we model them in a way that captures all the key issues? We define two concepts: frames of reference and frames of function that help us organise models of sensor-based systems and their purpose. Examples from a smart water distribution network illustrate how frames offer a lens through which to organise and balance multiple views of the system. Frames aid communication between modellers, analysts and stakeholders, and distinguish the purpose of each model, which contributes towards our trust that the system fulfils its purpose.
AU - Calder,M
AU - Dobson,S
AU - Fisher,M
AU - McCann,J
DO - 10.3390/computers7040062
PY - 2018///
SN - 2073-431X
TI - Making sense of the world: Framing models for trustworthy sensor-driven systems
T2 - Computers
UR -
UR -
VL - 7
ER -