Imperial College London

ProfessorJulieMcCann

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Computing

Professor of Computer Systems
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 8375j.mccann Website

 
 
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Location

 

554Huxley BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
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139 results found

Kolcun R, Boyle D, McCann J, Efficient In-Network Processing for a Hardware-Heterogeneous IoT, IoT2016 - 6th International Conference on the Internet of Things, Publisher: IEEE

As the number of small, battery-operated, wireless-enabled devices deployed in various applications of Internet of Things (IoT), Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), and Cyber-physical Systems (CPS) is rapidly increasing, so is the number of data streams that must be processed. In cases where data do not need to be archived, centrally processed, or federated, in-network data processing is becoming more common. For this purpose, various platforms like D RAGON , Innet, and CJF were proposed. However, these platforms assume that all nodes in the network are the same, i.e. the network is homogeneous. As Moore’s law still applies, nodes are becoming smaller, more powerful, and more energy efficient each year; which will continue for the foreseeable future. Therefore, we can expect that as sensor networks are extended and updated, hardwareheterogeneity will soon be common in networks - the same trend as can be seen in cloud computing infrastructures. This heterogeneity introduces new challenges in terms of choosing an in-network data processing node, as not only its location, but also its capabilities, must be considered. This paper introduces a new methodology to tackle this challenge, comprising three new algorithms - Request, Traverse, and Mixed - for efficiently locating an in-network data processing node, while taking into account not only position within the network but also hardware capabilities. The roposed algorithms are evaluated against a naïve approach and achieve up to 90% reduction in network traffic during long-term data processing, while spending a similar amount time in the discovery phase.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Yang S, Adeel U, Tahir Y, McCann JAet al., Practical Opportunistic Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks, IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, ISSN: 1558-0660

Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks (WSN-MSs) are considered a viable alternative to the heavy cost ofdeployment of traditional wireless sensing infrastructures at scale. However, current state-of-the-art approaches perform poorly inpractice due to their requirement of mobility prediction and specific assumptions on network topology. In this paper, we focus on lowdelayand high-throughput opportunistic data collection in WSN-MSs with general network topologies and arbitrary numbers of mobilesinks. We first propose a novel routing metric, Contact-Aware ETX (CA-ETX), to estimate the packet transmission delay caused byboth packet retransmissions and intermittent connectivity. By implementing CA-ETX in the defacto TinyOS routing standard CTP andthe IETF IPv6 routing protocol RPL, we demonstrate that CA-ETX can work seamlessly with ETX. This means that current ETXbasedrouting protocols for static WSNs can be easily extended to WSN-MSs with minimal modification by using CA-ETX. Further,by combing CA-ETX with the dynamic backpressure routing, we present a throughput-optimal scheme Opportunistic BackpressureCollection (OBC). Both CA-ETX and OBC are lightweight, easy to implement, and require no mobility prediction. Through test-bedexperiments and extensive simulations, we show that the proposed schemes significantly outperform current approaches in terms ofpacket transmission delay, communication overhead, storage overheads, reliability, and scalability.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Johnson M, McCann J, Santer M, Baoyin H, Gong Set al., 2017, On orbit validation of solar sailing control laws with thin-film spacecraft, The Fourth International Symposium on Solar Sailing, Publisher: Japan Space Forum

Many innovative approaches to solar sail mission and trajectory design have been proposed over the years, but very few ever have the opportunity to be validated on orbit with real spacecraft. Thin-Film Spacecraft/Lander/Rovers (TF-SLRs) are a new class of very low cost, low mass space vehicle which are ideal for inexpensively and quickly testing in flight new approaches to solar sailing. This paper describes using TF-SLR based micro solar sails to implement a generic solar sail test bed on orbit. TF-SLRs are high area-to-mass ratio (A/m) spacecraft developed for very low cost consumer and scientific deep space missions. Typically based on a 5 μm or thinner metalised substrate, they include an integrated avionics and payload system-on-chip (SoC) die bonded to the substrate with passive components and solar cells printed or deposited by Metal Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition (MOCVD). The avionics include UHF/S-band transceivers, processors, storage, sensors and attitude control provided by integrated magnetorquers and reflectivity control devices. Resulting spacecraft have a typical thickness of less than 50 μm, are 80 mm in diameter, and have a mass of less than 100 mg resulting in sail loads of less than 20 g/m2. TF-SLRs are currently designed for direct dispensing in swarms from free flying 0.5U Interplanetary CubeSats or dispensers attached to launch vehicles. Larger 160 mm, 320 mm and 640 mm diameter TF-SLRs utilizing a CubeSat compatible TWIST deployment mechanism that maintains the high A/m ratio are also under development. We are developing a mission to demonstrate the utility of these devices as a test bed for experimenting with a variety of mission designs and control laws. Batches of up to one hundred TF-SLRs will be released on earth escape trajectories, with each batch executing a heterogeneous or homogenous mixture of control laws and experiments. Up to four releases at different points in orbit are currently envisaged with experiments currently

CONFERENCE PAPER

Wu D, Arkhipov DI, Kim M, Talcott CL, Regan AC, McCann JA, Venkatasubramanian Net al., 2017, ADDSEN: Adaptive Data Processing and Dissemination for Drone Swarms in Urban Sensing, IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol: 66, Pages: 183-198, ISSN: 0018-9340

© 2016 IEEE.We present ADDSEN middleware as a holistic solution for Adaptive Data processing and dissemination for Drone swarms in urban SENsing. To efficiently process sensed data in the middleware, we have proposed a cyber-physical sensing framework using partially ordered knowledge sharing for distributed knowledge management in drone swarms. A reinforcement learning dissemination strategy is implemented in the framework. ADDSEN uses online learning techniques to adaptively balance the broadcast rate and knowledge loss rate periodically. The learned broadcast rate is adapted by executing state transitions during the process of online learning. A strategy function guides state transitions, incorporating a set of variables to reflect changes in link status. In addition, we design a cooperative dissemination method for the task of balancing storage and energy allocation in drone swarms. We implemented ADDSEN in our cyber-physical sensing framework, and evaluation results show that it can achieve both maximal adaptive data processing and dissemination performance, presenting better results than other commonly used dissemination protocols such as periodic, uniform and neighbor protocols in both single-swarm and multi-swarm cases.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Carboni D, Gluhak A, McCann JA, Beach THet al., 2016, Contextualising Water Use in Residential Settings: A Survey of Non-Intrusive Techniques and Approaches, SENSORS, Vol: 16, ISSN: 1424-8220

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gutierrez V, Theodoridis E, Mylonas G, Shi F, Adeel U, Diez L, Amaxilatis D, Choque J, Camprodom G, McCann J, Munoz Let al., 2016, Co-Creating the Cities of the Future, SENSORS, Vol: 16, ISSN: 1424-8220

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Kartakis S, Choudhary BD, Gluhak AD, Lambrinos L, McCann JAet al., 2016, Demystifying low-power wide-area communications for city IoT applications, Pages: 2-8

© 2016 ACM.Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) communication technologies have the potential to provide a step change in the enablement of cost-effective and energy efficient Internet of Things (IoT) applications. With an increase in the number of offerings available the real performance of these emerging technologies remain unclear. That is, each technology comes with its own advantages and limitations; yet there is a lack of comparative studies that examine their trade-offs based on empirical evidence. This poses a major challenge to IoT solution architects and developers in selecting an appropriate technology for an envisioned IoT application in a given deployment context. In this paper, we look beyond data sheets and white papers of LPWA communication technologies and provide insights into the performance of three emerging LPWA solutions based on real world experiments with different traffic loads and in different urban deployment contexts. Under the context of this study, specialized hardware was created to incorporate the different technologies and provide scientific quantitative and qualitative information related to data rates, success rates, transmission mode energy and power consumption, and communication ranges. The results of experimentation highlight the practicalities of placing LPWA technologies in real spaces and provide guidelines to IoT solution developers in terms of LPWA technology selection. Overall aim is to facilitate the design of new LPWA technologies and adaptive communication strategies that inform future IoT platforms.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Kartakis S, Jevric MM, Tzagkarakis G, McCann JAet al., 2016, Energy-based Adaptive Compression in Water Network Control Systems, International Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems for Smart Water Networks (CySWater), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 43-48

CONFERENCE PAPER

Kartakis S, Yu W, Akhavan R, McCann JAet al., 2016, Adaptive Edge Analytics for Distributed Networked Control of Water Systems, IEEE 1st International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation (IoTDI), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 72-82

CONFERENCE PAPER

Kolcun R, Boyle DE, McCann JA, 2016, Efficient Distributed Query Processing, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, Vol: 13, Pages: 1230-1246, ISSN: 1545-5955

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Tahir Y, Yang S, Koliousis A, McCann Jet al., 2016, UDRF: Multi-resource fairness for complex jobs with placement constraints

© 2015 IEEE.In this paper, we study the problem of multi-resource fairness in systems with multiple users. Each user requires to run one or more complex jobs that consist of multiple interconnected tasks. A job is considered finished when all its corresponding tasks have been executed in the system. Tasks can have different resource requirements. Because of special demands on particular hardware or software, tasks can have placement constraints limiting the type of machines they can run on. We develop User-Dependence Dominant Resource Fairness (UDRF), a generalized version of max-min fairness that combines graph theory and the notion of dominant resource shares to ensure multi- resource fairness between users with complex jobs. UDRF satisfies several desirable properties including strategy proofness, which ensures that users do not benefit from misreporting their true resource demands. We propose an offline algorithm that computes optimal UDRF allocation while the scheduling process can be to be decentralize across multiple schedulers. But optimality comes at a cost, especially for systems where schedulers need to make thousands of online scheduling decisions per second. Therefore, we develop a lightweight online algorithm that closely approximates UDRF. Large-scale simulations driven by Google cluster- usage traces show that UDRF achieves better resource utilization and throughput compared to the current state-of-the-art in multi-resource fair allocation.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Wu D, Lambrinos L, Przepiorka T, McCann JAet al., 2016, Facilitating Mobile Access to Social Media Content on Urban Underground Metro Systems, IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 2159-4228

CONFERENCE PAPER

Wu D, Liu Q, Li Y, McCann JA, Regan AC, Venkatasubramanian Net al., 2016, Adaptive Lookup of Open WiFi Using Crowdsensing, IEEE-ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, Vol: 24, Pages: 3634-3647, ISSN: 1063-6692

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Yang S, Tahir Y, Chen P-Y, Marshall A, McCann Jet al., 2016, Distributed Optimization in Energy Harvesting Sensor Networks with Dynamic In-network Data Processing, 35th IEEE Annual International Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE INFOCOM), Publisher: IEEE

CONFERENCE PAPER

Zhao C, Yang S, Yang X, McCann Jet al., 2016, Rapid, User-Transparent, and Trustworthy Device Pairing for D2D-Enabled Mobile Crowdsourcing, IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Vol: PP, ISSN: 1536-1233

© 2016 IEEE.Mobile Crowdsourcing is a promising service paradigm utilizing ubiquitous mobile devices to facilitate large-scale crowdsourcing tasks (e.g. urban sensing and collaborative computing). Many applications in this domain require Device-to-Device (D2D) communications between participating devices for interactive operations such as task collaborations and file transmissions. Considering the private participating devices and their opportunistic encountering behaviors, it is highly desired to establish secure and trustworthy D2D connections in a fast and autonomous way, which is vital for implementing practical Mobile Crowdsourcing Systems (MCSs). In this paper, we develop an efficient scheme, Trustworthy Device Pairing (TDP), which achieves user-transparent secure D2D connections and reliable peer device selections for trustworthy D2D communications. Through rigorous analysis, we demonstrate the effectiveness and security intensity of TDP in theory. The performance of TDP is evaluated based on both real-world prototype experiments and extensive trace-driven simulations. Evaluation results verify our theoretical analysis and show that TDP significantly outperforms existing approaches in terms of pairing speed, stability, and security.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Chen P-Y, Yang S, McCann JA, 2015, Distributed Real-Time Anomaly Detection in Networked Industrial Sensing Systems, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, Vol: 62, Pages: 3832-3842, ISSN: 0278-0046

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Chen P-Y, Yang S, McCann JA, Lin J, Yang Xet al., 2015, Detection of False Data Injection Attacks in Smart-Grid Systems, IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol: 53, Pages: 206-213, ISSN: 1558-1896

Smart grids are essentially electric grids that use information and communication technology to provide reliable, efficient electricity transmission and distribution. Security and trust are of paramount importance. Among various emerging security issues, FDI attacks are one of the most substantial ones, which can significantly increase the cost of the energy distribution process. However, most current research focuses on countermeasures to FDIs for traditional power grids rather smart grid infrastructures. We propose an efficient and real-time scheme to detect FDI attacks in smart grids by exploiting spatial-temporal correlations between grid components. Through realistic simulations based on the US smart grid, we demonstrate that the proposed scheme provides an accurate and reliable solution.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Holland O, Ping S, Sastry N, Xing H, Taskafa S, Aijaz A, Chawdhry P, Chareau J-M, Bishop J, Bavaro M, Viaud P, Pinato T, Anguili E, Akhavan MR, McCann J, Gao Y, Qin Z, Zhang Q, Knopp R, Kaltenberger F, Nussbaum D, Dionisio R, Ribeiro J, Marques P, Hallio J, Jakobsson M, Auranen J, Ekman R, Paavola J, Kivinen A, Kokkinen H, Solc T, Mohorcic M, Tran H-N, Ishizu K, Matsumura T, Ibuka K, Harada H, Mizutani K, Harada Het al., 2015, Some Initial Results and Observations from a Series of Trials within the Ofcom TV White Spaces Pilot, 81st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 1550-2252

CONFERENCE PAPER

Kartakis S, Abraham E, McCann JA, 2015, WaterBox: A testbed for monitoring and controlling smart water networks

Copyright 2015 ACM.Smart water distribution networks are a good example of a large scale Cyber-Physical System that requires monitoring for precise data analysis and network control. Due to the critical nature of water distribution, an extensive simulation of decision making and control algorithms are required before their deployment. Although some aspects of water network behaviour can be simulated in software such as hydraulic responses in valve changes, software simulators are unable to include dynamic events such as leakages or bursts in physical models. Furthermore, due to safety concerns, contemporary large-scale testbeds are limited to the monitoring processes or control methods with well established safety guarantees. Sophisticated algorithms for dynamic and optimal water network reconfiguration are not yet widespread. This paper presents a small-scale testbed, WaterBox, which allows the simulation of emerging/advanced monitoring and control algorithms in a fail-safe environment. The flexible hydraulic, hardware, and software infrastructure enables a substantial number of experiments. On-going experiments are related to in-node data processing and decision making, energy optimization, event-driven communication, and automatic control.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Kolcun R, Boyle D, McCann JA, 2015, Optimal Processing Node Discovery Algorithm for Distributed Computing in IoT, 5th International Conference on the Internet of Things (IOT), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 72-79

CONFERENCE PAPER

Lalanda P, McCann JA, Hamon C, 2015, Demo Abstract: Teaching Pervasing Computing with an integrated environment, IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication Workshops PerCom Workshops, Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 205-207

CONFERENCE PAPER

Martins PMN, McCann JA, 2015, The Programmable City, 6th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies (ANT) / 5th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Information Technology (SEIT), Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Pages: 334-341, ISSN: 1877-0509

CONFERENCE PAPER

Tahir Y, Yang S, Adeel U, McCann Jet al., 2015, Symbiot: Congestion-driven Multi-resource Fairness for Multi-User Sensor Networks, 2015 IEEE 17th International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 654-659

CONFERENCE PAPER

Tahir Y, Yang S, Koliousis A, McCann Jet al., 2015, UDRF: Multi-resource Fairness for Complex Jobs with Placement Constraints, IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), Publisher: IEEE

CONFERENCE PAPER

Wu D, Arkhipov DI, Asmare E, Qin Z, McCann JAet al., 2015, UbiFlow: Mobility Management in Urban-scale Software Defined IoT, 34th IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 0743-166X

CONFERENCE PAPER

Yang S, Adeel U, McCann J, 2015, Backpressure Meets Taxes: Faithful Data Collection in Stochastic Mobile Phone Sensing Systems, 34th IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM), Publisher: IEEE, ISSN: 0743-166X

CONFERENCE PAPER

Yang S, Adeel U, McCann J, 2015, Backpressure Meets Taxes: Faithful Data Collection in Stochastic Mobile Phone Sensing Systems, The 34th Annual IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2015)

The use of sensor-enabled smart phones is considered to be a promising solution to large-scale urban data collection. In current approaches to mobile phone sensing systems (MPSS), phones directly transmit their sensor readings through cellular radios to the server. However, this simple solution suffers from not only significant costs in terms of energy and mobile data usage, but also produces heavy traffic loads on bandwidth-limited cellular networks. To address this issue, this paper investigates cost-effective data collection solutions for MPSS using hybrid cellular and opportunistic short-range communications. We first develop an adaptive and distribute algorithm OptMPSS to maximize phone user financial rewards accounting for their costs across the MPSS. To incentivize phone users to participate, while not subverting the behavior of OptMPSS, we then propose BMT, the first algorithm that merges stochastic Lyapunov optimization with mechanism design theory. We show that our proven incentive compatible approaches achieve an asymptotically optimal gross profit for all phone users. Experiments with Android phones and trace-driven simulations verify our theoretical analysis and demonstrate that our approach manages to improve the system performance significantly (around 100\%) while confirming that our system achieves incentive compatibility, individual rationality, and server profitability.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Yang X, Ren X, Yang S, McCann Jet al., 2015, A novel temporal perturbation based privacy-preserving scheme for real-time monitoring systems, COMPUTER NETWORKS, Vol: 88, Pages: 72-88, ISSN: 1389-1286

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Yang X, Zhao C, Yang S, Fu X, McCann Jet al., 2015, A Systematic Key Management Mechanism for Practical Body Sensor Networks, IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 7310-7315, ISSN: 1550-3607

CONFERENCE PAPER

Yu W, Lin X, Zhang W, McCann JAet al., 2015, Fast All-Pairs SimRank Assessment on Large Graphs and Bipartite Domains, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING, Vol: 27, Pages: 1810-1823, ISSN: 1041-4347

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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