Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Laing O'Rourke/RAEng Chair in Systems Integration



+44 (0)20 7594 9245j.whyte Website




Mr Tim Gordon +44 (0)20 7594 5031




436Skempton BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Sacks, R and Whyte, J and Swissa, D and Raviv, G and Zhou, W and Shapira, A},
doi = {10.1080/01446193.2015.1029504},
journal = {Construction Management and Economics},
pages = {55--72},
title = {Safety by design: dialogues between designers and builders using virtual reality},
url = {},
volume = {33},
year = {2015}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - © 2015 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. Designers can contribute to enhancing the safety of construction work by considering how their decisions impact on both the physical environment in which construction workers operate and the means and methods they use. To do so, however, designers require knowledge about safety hazards on site and the opportunity to examine their designs early in projects. Through a set of studies virtual reality tools were used to examine the potential for collaborative dialogue between designers and builders to provide a forum for learning and proactive change of a design to make a project safer to build. In the tests, participants viewed proposed designs using virtual reality to examine various alternative design and construction scenarios. The study shows that consultation and dialogue with an experienced construction professional are highly beneficial for designers to appreciate the implications of designs on safety, and that designers are more willing to adapt design details than to change aesthetic aspects of their designs.
AU - Sacks,R
AU - Whyte,J
AU - Swissa,D
AU - Raviv,G
AU - Zhou,W
AU - Shapira,A
DO - 10.1080/01446193.2015.1029504
EP - 72
PY - 2015///
SN - 0144-6193
SP - 55
TI - Safety by design: dialogues between designers and builders using virtual reality
T2 - Construction Management and Economics
UR -
UR -
VL - 33
ER -