Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Laing O'Rourke/RAEng Chair in Systems Integration



+44 (0)20 7594 9245j.whyte Website




Mr Tim Gordon +44 (0)20 7594 5031




436Skempton BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Whyte, J and Tryggestad, K and Comi, A},
doi = {10.1080/21573727.2016.1269005},
journal = {Engineering Project Organization Journal},
pages = {115--128},
title = {Visualizing practices in project-based design: tracing connections through cascades of visual representations},
url = {},
volume = {6},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Project-based design involves a variety of visual representations, which are evolved to make decisions and accomplish project objectives. Yet, such mediated and distributed ways of working are difficult to capture through ethnographies that examine situated design. A novel approach is developed that follows cascades of visual representations; and this is illustrated through two empirical studies.In the first case, Heathrow Terminal 5, analysisstarts from paper- and model-work used to develop design, tracing connections forward to an assembly manual that forms a ‘consolidated cascade’of visual representations. In the second, the Turning Torso, Malmö, analysisstarts froma planning document, tracingconnections backward tothepaper-and model-workdone toproduce this consolidated cascade.Thiswork makes atwofoldcontribution:First, itoffersa methodological approach that supplements ethnographiesof situated design. Thisallows the researcher to be nimble, tracing connections across complex engineering projects; reconstructing practices through their visual representations; and observing their effects. Second, itarticulateshow, in these empirical cases, interaction with a cascade of visual representations enabled participants in project-based design to develop and share understanding. The complexity of projects,and theirdistributed and mediated nature makes this approach timely and important in addressingnew research questions and practical challenges.
AU - Whyte,J
AU - Tryggestad,K
AU - Comi,A
DO - 10.1080/21573727.2016.1269005
EP - 128
PY - 2017///
SN - 2157-3735
SP - 115
TI - Visualizing practices in project-based design: tracing connections through cascades of visual representations
T2 - Engineering Project Organization Journal
UR -
UR -
VL - 6
ER -