Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Mechanical Engineering

Senior Lecturer



+44 (0)20 7594 8991j.wong




671City and Guilds BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Yang, S and Wong, J and Zhou, F},
doi = {10.1080/10402004.2018.1426802},
journal = {Tribology Transactions},
pages = {816--826},
title = {Ionic liquid additives for mixed and elastohydrodynamic lubrication},
url = {},
volume = {61},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Ionic liquids (ILs), both as pure lubricants and lubricant additives, have been demonstrated extensively to exhibit excellent tribological performance in terms of friction and wear reduction in the boundary lubrication (BL) regime. Since engineering contacts experience boundary and mixed, as well as full film lubrication depending on operating conditions, it is crucial to examine if lubrication regimes other BL regime can also benefit from the use of ILs. The objective of this work is to investigate the tribological performance of IL additives in the mixed lubrication (ML) and the elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) regimes. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) was used as the base fluid. ILs were synthesized in situ by dissolving lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide (LiTFSI) in PEG. Friction and film thickness measurements were employed to investigate the effectiveness of IL additives at room temperature, 60°C and 80°C; at various loads and slide-roll ratios (SRRs). The effect of IL additives on the rheological behavior of PEG was also investigated. The EHL film thickness increases with increasing IL concentration. EHL friction is however only mildly affected by IL additives. In the ML regime, IL additives can reduce friction and metal wear as compared to pure PEG in mild conditions. It is conjectured that IL forms sacrificial layers and protects the rubbing surfaces.
AU - Yang,S
AU - Wong,J
AU - Zhou,F
DO - 10.1080/10402004.2018.1426802
EP - 826
PY - 2018///
SN - 1040-2004
SP - 816
TI - Ionic liquid additives for mixed and elastohydrodynamic lubrication
T2 - Tribology Transactions
UR -
UR -
VL - 61
ER -