90 results found
Baroni P, Romano M, Toni F, et al., 2015, Automatic evaluation of design alternatives with quantitative argumentation, ARGUMENT & COMPUTATION, Vol: 6, Pages: 24-49, ISSN: 1946-2166
Aurisicchio M, Baroni P, Pellegrini D, et al., 2015, Comparing and integrating argumentation-based with matrix-based decision support in Arg&Dec, Pages: 1-20, ISSN: 0302-9743
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. The need of making decisions pervades every field of human activity. Several decision support methods and software tools are available in the literature, relying upon different modelling assumptions and often producing different results. In this paper we investigate the relationships between two such approaches: the recently introduced QuAD frameworks, based on the IBIS model and quantitative argumentation, and the decision matrix method, widely adopted in engineering. In addition, we describe Arg&Dec (standing for Argue & Decide), a prototype web application for collaborative decision-making, encompassing the two methodologies and assisting their comparison through automated transformation.
Ortíz Nicolás JC, Aurisicchio M, Desmet PMA, 2014, Pleasantness and arousal of twenty-five positive emotions elicited by durable products, 9th Design and Emotion Conference
Hooey BL, Aurisicchio M, Bracewell R, et al., 2014, Evidence-Based Error Analysis: Supporting the Design of Error-Tolerant Systems, 16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction
Dai W, Aurisicchio M, 2013, An Empirical Investigation of Requirement Evolution in an Industrial Project, International Conference on Engineering Design 2013
Aurisicchio M, Bracewell R, Armstrong G, 2013, The function analysis diagram: Intended benefits and coexistence with other functional models, AI EDAM-ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR ENGINEERING DESIGN ANALYSIS AND MANUFACTURING, Vol: 27, Pages: 249-257, ISSN: 0890-0604
Baroni P, Romano M, Toni F, et al., 2013, An Argumentation-Based Approach for Automatic Evaluation of Design Debates, Publisher: SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN
Ortiz Nicolas JC, Aurisicchio M, Desmet PMA, 2013, DIFFERENTIATING POSITIVE EMOTIONS ELICITED BY PRODUCTS: AN EXPLORATION OF PERCEIVED DIFFERENCES BETWEEN 25 POSITIVE EMOTIONS BY USERS AND DESIGNERS, 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, ISSN: 2220-4334
Hall A, Rodgers P, Winton E, et al., 2013, Are we all designers?, Engineering & Product Design Education
Baroni P, Romano M, Toni F, et al., 2013, An Argumentation-Based Approach for Automatic Evaluation of Design Debates, CLIMA XIV, Publisher: Springer, Heidelberg, Pages: 340-356
Ortíz Nicolás JC, Aurisicchio M, Desmet PMA, 2013, Designing for anticipation, confidence, and inspiration, Designing Pleasurable Products and Interfaces
Ortíz Nicolás JC, Aurisicchio M, Desmet PMA, 2013, Understanding 25 positive emotions in product development: Frequency and preference of experience, and difficulty in eliciting them., 19th International Conference on Engineering Design
Aurisicchio M, Bracewell RH, Wallace KM, 2013, Characterising the information requests of aerospace engineering designers, Research in Engineering Design, Vol: 24, Pages: 43-63
During product development, engineering designers raise several information requests that make them search through human and documentary sources. This paper reports research to characterise, in detail, these requests for designers working in a major aerospace engineering company. The research found that at a high level, a distinction can be made between requests to acquire information and to process information. The former are raised to access design and domain information. The latter, instead, are formed to define designs. For researchers, this study extends existing knowledge of information requests by characterising key differences in their nature and explaining how they are used in the design process. For practitioners, these findings can be used as a basis to understand the diverseness of information requests and how to channel efforts to support designers in information seeking. In particular, the research indicates that a strategy to support designers should enable the development of engineering communities that share information effectively and the introduction of techniques that facilitate the documentation of information.
Aurisicchio M, Bracewell R, Armstrong G, 2013, Supporting communication in the supply chain with design rationale maps, 19th International Conference on Engineering Design
Dai W, Aurisicchio M, 2013, An empirical investigation of requirement evolution in an industrial project, 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED13)
Aurisicchio M, Bracewell RH, 2013, The Function Analysis Diagram: intended benefits and co-existence with other functional models, Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, Vol: 27
Understanding product functions is a key aspect of the work undertaken by engineers involved in complex system design. The support offered to these engineers by existing modelling tools such as the Function Tree and the Function Structure is limited as they are not intuitive and do not scale well to deal with real world engineering problems. A research collaboration between two universities and a major power system company in the aerospace domain has allowed the authors to further develop a method for function analysis known as Function Analysis Diagram (FAD) which was already in use by line engineers. The capability to generate and edit these diagrams was implemented in the Decision Rationale editor (DRed) a software tool for capturing design rationale. This article presents the intended benefits of the method and justifies them using an engineering case study. The results of the research have shown that the FAD method has a simple notation, permits the modelling of product functions together with structure, allows the generation of rich and accurate descriptions of product functionality, is useful to work with variant and adaptive design tasks and can co-exist with other functional modelling methods.
Ortíz Nicolás JC, Aurisicchio M, Desmet PMA, 2013, How users experience great products, 5th International Congress of International Association of Societies of Design Research
Aurisicchio M, Bracewell RH, 2013, Capturing an integrated design information space with a diagram based approach, Journal of Engineering Design, Vol: 24, Pages: 397-428
The Decision Rationale editor (DRed), an issue-based information system derivative, originally developed to support the capture of design rationale has progressively evolved into a tool to map an integrated information space-covering product planning, specification, design, and service. This article presents theresearch undertaken to enable this evolution and to test the application of the tool in industry. The work consisted of extending the notation and the functionality of the DRed tool in the service of new methods for information representation and developing a newapproach to designing and its documentation by integrateddiagrams. Thus far, the approach has been taught for two years and a half to engineering graduates involvedin the training programme of the collaborating company. The application of the approach to an aerospace engineering design task is illustrated through a case study. The results of the evaluation have shown thatcreating large digital information spaces is feasible and delivers benefits to users.
Dai W, Aurisicchio M, Armstrong G, 2012, An IBIS Based Approach for the Analysis of Non-Functional Requirements, ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
Eng N, Aurisicchio M, Bracewell R, et al., 2012, MAPPING FOR DESIGN DECISION SUPPORT IN INDUSTRY, ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences/Computers Information in Engineering Conference, Publisher: AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, Pages: 579-+
Aurisicchio M, Bracewell R, Armstrong G, 2012, THE FUNCTION ANALYSIS DIAGRAM, ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences/Computers Information in Engineering Conference, Publisher: AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, Pages: 849-+
Eng N, Aurisicchio M, Bracewell R, et al., 2012, MORE SPACE TO THINK: EIGHT YEARS OF VISUAL SUPPORT FOR RATIONALE CAPTURE, CREATIVITY AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING, ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences / Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE), Publisher: AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, Pages: 225-235
Deken F, Kleinsmann M, Aurisicchio M, et al., 2012, Tapping into past design experiences: knowledge sharing and creation during novice-expert design consultations, Research in Engineering Design, Vol: 23, Pages: 203-218
Designing is a knowledge-intensive activity. For novice design engineers, an important means of acquiring knowledge is to consult experienced colleagues. We observed novice–expert consultations as part of three engineering projects in a large aerospace company. Seven meetings were analysed in detail regarding the design activity, the content, and the form of interaction. Although the meetings were initiated for the purpose of information seeking , this process amounted to only 8% of the time compared to knowledge creation between novices and experts (47% of meeting time), and contextual information sharing (45% of meeting time). Both experts and novices were found to contribute equally and interactively to the discussion and analysis of solutions. The analysis showed how the processes alternated in the meetings. We identified tentative patterns on how these consultation processes change over the course of the design process phases. The micro-level analysis of the design activities and form of interaction provided a deeper understanding of how the consultation processes are discursively produced by the experts and novices. Finally, implications for design engineering practitioners are derived and suggestions for further research are provided.
Nicolas JCO, Aurisicchio M, 2011, A SCENARIO OF USER EXPERIENCE, 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 182-193, ISSN: 2220-4334
Harrison T, Aurisicchio M, 2011, UNDERSTANDING THE FRONT END OF DESIGN, 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 437-447, ISSN: 2220-4334
Aurisicchio M, Eng NL, Nicolas JCO, et al., 2011, ON THE FUNCTIONS OF PRODUCTS, 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 443-455, ISSN: 2220-4334
Eng N, Marfisi E, Aurisicchio M, 2011, ADAPTING AEROSPACE DESIGN RATIONALE MAPPING TO CIVIL ENGINEERING: A PRELIMINARY STUDY, 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Publisher: DESIGN SOC, Pages: 468-479, ISSN: 2220-4334
Ortíz Nicolás JC, Schoormans JPL, Aurisicchio M, 2011, An Approach to Embody Personality in Product Appearance, 4th World Conference on Design Research
Childs PRN, McGlashan NR, Gosling G, et al., 2010, Linking design, analysis, manufacture and test in the engineering student experience. EPDE2010/216, When Design Education and Design Research Meet. 12th International conference on engineering and product design education., Pages: 210-215
The modern engineer needs to have diverse skills ranging from abilities in re-design, co-design, customisation, management of resources and intellectual property, combined with technical expertise. Design education needs to prepare individuals for these requirements and manage the expectations of the students concerned. A particular challenge is the disconnect between empowered design practice, where the practitioner already has the necessary skills to explore the task, and the novice who is still learning technical and design skills. In order to develop understanding of design processes commonly experienced in industry a combination of projects using fuzzy or constrained briefs are introduced in the first and second years on the MEng in Mechanical Engineering at Imperial College. Constrained briefs defining the limits for the design activity, are sometimes criticised as limiting the creative opportunities for the people involved. Some creative techniques however focus on identifying the constraints and conflicts involved with a view to resolving them. This paper explores a constrained brief project, used for the second year, where students are required to design, manufacture and then test their design for a pump. The project encourages use and exploration of analytical skills, engineering science and form development as well as basic manufacturing skills. Students can use CNC manufacture for their impeller and volute but are required to manually machine the majority of their bearing housing and shaft arrangement. The combination of concept development within constraints, use of analysis and engineering science, development of manufacturing and assembly skills and the student experience derived from testing their designs, are described within this paper.
AURISICCHIO M, BRACEWELL R, WALLACE K, 2010, Understanding how the information requests of aerospace engineering designers influence information seeking behaviour, Journal of Engineering Design, Vol: 21, Pages: 707-730
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