Imperial College London

ProfessorMichaelLowe

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Mechanical Engineering

Professor in Mechanical Engineering
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 7071m.lowe Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Ms Nina Hancock +44 (0)20 7594 7068

 
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Location

 

566City and Guilds BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

282 results found

Phillips R, Duxbury D, Huthwaite P, Lowe Met al., 2018, Simulating the ultrasonic scattering from complex surface-breaking defects with a three-dimensional hybrid model, NDT and E International, Vol: 97, Pages: 32-41, ISSN: 0963-8695

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Modelling is increasingly relied on for the design and qualification of ultrasonic inspections applied to safety-critical components. Numerical methods enable the simulation of the ultrasonic interaction with realistic defect morphologies; however, the computational requirements often limit their deployment. The hybrid simulation technique, which combines semi-analytical and numerical methods, realises the potential of high fidelity numerical modelling without the limiting computational factors. The inspection of thick section components for near-backwall surface-breaking defects results in large propagation distances, making them a key application of hybrid modelling. This work presents a methodology for efficiently simulating the ultrasonic inspection of complex surface-breaking defects using a hybrid model. The model is initially verified against full numerical simulation; further validation is presented by comparison to an experimental scan over an artificially machined surface-breaking notch. The potential of the new hybrid method is then demonstrated by carrying out a Monte Carlo analysis on the scattered field from surface-breaking defects with randomly rough surfaces and the results are compared to the Kirchhoff approximation.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Zhang C, Huthwaite P, Lowe M, 2018, The Application of the Factorization Method to the Subsurface Imaging of Surface-Breaking Cracks, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL, Vol: 65, Pages: 497-512, ISSN: 0885-3010

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Egerton JS, Lowe MJS, Huthwaite P, Halai HVet al., 2017, Ultrasonic attenuation and phase velocity of high-density polyethylene pipe material, JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Vol: 141, Pages: 1535-1545, ISSN: 0001-4966

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Egerton JS, Lowe MJS, Huthwaite P, Halai HVet al., 2017, A multiband approach for accurate numerical simulation of frequency dependent ultrasonic wave propagation in the time domain, JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Vol: 142, Pages: 1270-1280, ISSN: 0001-4966

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Haith MI, Ewert U, Hohendorf S, Bellon C, Deresch A, Huthwaite P, Lowe MJS, Zscherpel Uet al., 2017, Radiographic modelling for NDE of subsea pipelines, NDT & E INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 86, Pages: 113-122, ISSN: 0963-8695

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Haith MI, Huthwaite P, Lowe MJS, 2017, Defect characterisation from limited view pipeline radiography, NDT & E INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 86, Pages: 186-198, ISSN: 0963-8695

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Quintanilla FH, Lowe MJS, Craster RV, 2017, The symmetry and coupling properties of solutions in general anisotropic multilayer waveguides, JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Vol: 141, Pages: 406-418, ISSN: 0001-4966

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shi F, Lowe M, Craster R, 2017, Diffusely scattered and transmitted elastic waves by random rough solid-solid interfaces using an elastodynamic Kirchhoff approximation, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, Vol: 95, ISSN: 2469-9950

Elastic waves scattered by random rough interfaces separating two distinct media play an important role in modeling phonon scattering and impact upon thermal transport models, and are also integral to ultrasonic inspection. We introduce theoretical formulas for the diffuse field of elastic waves scattered by, and transmitted across, random rough solid-solid interfaces using the elastodynamic Kirchhoff approximation. The new formulas are validated by comparison with numerical Monte Carlo simulations, for a wide range of roughness (rms σ≤λ/3, correlation length λ0≥ wavelength λ), demonstrating a significant improvement over the widely used small-perturbation approach, which is valid only for surfaces with small rms values. Physical analysis using the theoretical formulas derived here demonstrates that increasing the rms value leads to a considerable change of the scattering patterns for each mode. The roughness has different effects on the reflection and the transmission, with a strong dependence on the material properties. In the special case of a perfect match of the wave speed of the two solid media, the transmission is the same as the case for a flat interface. We pay particular attention to scattering in the specular direction, often used as an observable quantity, in terms of the roughness parameters, showing a peak at an intermediate value of rms; this rms value coincides with that predicted by the Rayleigh parameter.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shi F, Lowe MJS, Craster RV, 2017, Recovery of correlation function of internal random rough surfaces from diffusely scattered elastic waves, JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICS AND PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, Vol: 99, Pages: 483-494, ISSN: 0022-5096

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shi F, Lowe MJS, Skelton EA, Craster RVet al., 2017, A time-domain finite element boundary integral approach for elastic wave scattering, Computational Mechanics, Pages: 1-13, ISSN: 0178-7675

© 2017 The Author(s) The response of complex scatterers, such as rough or branched cracks, to incident elastic waves is required in many areas of industrial importance such as those in non-destructive evaluation and related fields; we develop an approach to generate accurate and rapid simulations. To achieve this we develop, in the time domain, an implementation to efficiently couple the finite element (FE) method within a small local region, and the boundary integral (BI) globally. The FE explicit scheme is run in a local box to compute the surface displacement of the scatterer, by giving forcing signals to excitation nodes, which can lie on the scatterer itself. The required input forces on the excitation nodes are obtained with a reformulated FE equation, according to the incident displacement field. The surface displacements computed by the local FE are then projected, through time-domain BI formulae, to calculate the scattering signals with different modes. This new method yields huge improvements in the efficiency of FE simulations for scattering from complex scatterers. We present results using different shapes and boundary conditions, all simulated using this approach in both 2D and 3D, and then compare with full FE models and theoretical solutions to demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy of this numerical approach.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Van Pamel A, Sha G, Rokhlin SI, Lowe MJSet al., 2017, Finite-element modelling of elastic wave propagation and scattering within heterogeneous media, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, Vol: 473, ISSN: 1364-5021

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Choi W, Skelton EA, Pettit J, Lowe MJS, Craster RVet al., 2016, A Generic Hybrid Model for the Simulation of Three-Dimensional Bulk Elastodynamics for Use in Nondestructive Evaluation, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL, Vol: 63, Pages: 726-736, ISSN: 0885-3010

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Egerton JS, Lowe MJS, Halai HV, Huthwaite Pet al., 2016, Improved FE Simulation of Ultrasound in Plastics, 42nd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), Publisher: AMER INST PHYSICS, ISSN: 0094-243X

CONFERENCE PAPER

Haith MI, Ewert U, Hohendorf S, Bellon C, Deresch A, Huthwaite P, Lowe MJS, Zscherpel Uet al., 2016, Modelling Based Radiography for NDE of Subsea Pipelines, 42nd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), Publisher: AMER INST PHYSICS, ISSN: 0094-243X

CONFERENCE PAPER

Huthwaite P, Lowe M, Cawley P, 2016, Guided Wave Tomography Performance Analysis, 42nd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), Publisher: AMER INST PHYSICS, ISSN: 0094-243X

CONFERENCE PAPER

Leinov E, Lowe MJS, Cawley P, 2016, Ultrasonic isolation of buried pipes, JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION, Vol: 363, Pages: 225-239, ISSN: 0022-460X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Leinov E, Lowe MJS, Cawley P, 2016, Investigation of guided wave propagation in pipes fully and partially embedded in concrete, JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Vol: 140, Pages: 4528-4539, ISSN: 0001-4966

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Quintanilla FH, Lowe MJS, Craster RV, 2016, Full 3D dispersion curve solutions for guided waves in generally anisotropic media, JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION, Vol: 363, Pages: 545-559, ISSN: 0022-460X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Seher M, Huthwaite P, Lowe MJS, 2016, Experimental Studies of the Inspection of Areas With Restricted Access Using A0 Lamb Wave Tomography, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL, Vol: 63, Pages: 1455-1467, ISSN: 0885-3010

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shi F, Lowe MJS, Xi X, Craster RVet al., 2016, Diffuse scattered field of elastic waves from randomly rough surfaces using an analytical Kirchhoff theory, JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICS AND PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, Vol: 92, Pages: 260-277, ISSN: 0022-5096

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Van Pamel A, Huthwaite P, Brett CR, Lowe MJSet al., 2016, Numerical simulations of ultrasonic array imaging of highly scattering materials, NDT & E INTERNATIONAL, Vol: 81, Pages: 9-19, ISSN: 0963-8695

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Van Pamel A, Nagy PB, Lowe MJS, 2016, On the dimensionality of elastic wave scattering within heterogeneous media, JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Vol: 140, Pages: 4360-4366, ISSN: 0001-4966

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ewert U, Tschaikner M, Hohendorf S, Bellon C, Haith MI, Huthwaite P, Lowe MJSet al., 2015, Corrosion Monitoring with Tangential Radiography and Limited View Computed Tomography, 42nd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), Publisher: American Institute of Physics (AIP), ISSN: 1551-7616

Accurate and reliable detection of subsea pipeline corrosion is required in order to verify the integrity of the pipeline. A laboratory trial was conducted with a representative pipe sample. The accurate measurement of the wall thickness and corrosion was performed with high energy X-rays and a digital detector array. A 7.5 MV betatron was used to penetrate a stepped pipe and a welded test pipe of 3 m length and 327 mm outer diameter, with different artificial corrosion areas in the 24 mm thick steel wall. The radiographs were taken with a 40 x 40 cm² digital detector array, which was not large enough to cover the complete pipe diameter after magnification. A C-arm based geometry was tested to evaluate the potential for automated inspection in field. The primary goal was the accurate measurement of wall thickness conforming to the standard. The same geometry was used to explore the ability of a C-arm based scanner in asymmetric mode for computed tomography (CT) measurement, taking projections covering only two thirds of the pipe diameter. The technique was optimized with the modelling software aRTist. A full volume of the pipe was reconstructed and the CT data set was used for reverse engineering, providing a CAD file for further aRTist simulations to explore the technique for subsea inspections.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Fan Z, Mark AF, Lowe MJS, Withers PJet al., 2015, Nonintrusive Estimation of Anisotropic Stiffness Maps of Heterogeneous Steel Welds for the Improvement of Ultrasonic Array Inspection, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL, Vol: 62, Pages: 1530-1543, ISSN: 0885-3010

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Huthwaite P, Shi F, Van Pamel A, Lowe MJSet al., 2015, High-Speed GPU-Based Finite Element Simulations for NDT, 41st Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), Publisher: AMER INST PHYSICS, Pages: 1815-1819, ISSN: 0094-243X

CONFERENCE PAPER

Lan B, Lowe MJS, Dunne FPE, 2015, A spherical harmonic approach for the determination of HCP texture from ultrasound: A solution to the inverse problem, JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICS AND PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, Vol: 83, Pages: 179-198, ISSN: 0022-5096

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lan B, Lowe MJS, Dunne FPE, 2015, A generalized spherical harmonic deconvolution to obtain texture of cubic materials from ultrasonic wave speed, JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICS AND PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, Vol: 83, Pages: 221-242, ISSN: 0022-5096

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Leinov E, Cawley P, Lowe MJS, 2015, Guided Wave Attenuation in Pipes Buried in Sand, 41st Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), Publisher: AMER INST PHYSICS, Pages: 227-236, ISSN: 0094-243X

CONFERENCE PAPER

Leinov E, Cawley P, Lowe MJS, 2015, Guided Wave Attenuation in Coated Pipes Buried in Sand, 42nd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE), Publisher: American Institute of Physics (AIP), ISSN: 1551-7616

Long-range guided wave testing (GWT) is routinely used for the monitoring and detection of corrosion defects in above ground pipelines in various industries. The GWT test range in buried, coated pipelines is greatly reduced compared to aboveground pipelines due to energy leakage into the embedding soil. In this study, we aim to increase test ranges for buried pipelines. The effect of pipe coatings on the T(0,1) and L(0,2) guided wave attenuation is investigated using a full-scale experimental apparatus and model predictions. Tests are performed on a fusion-bonded epoxy (FBE)-coated 8” pipe, buried in loose and compacted sand over a frequency range of 10-35 kHz. The application of a low impedance coating is shown to effectively decouple the influence of the sand on the ultrasound leakage from the buried pipe. We demonstrate ultrasonic isolation of a buried pipe by coating the pipe with a Polyethylene (PE)-foam layer that has a smaller impedance than both pipe and sand and the ability to withstand the overburden load from the sand. The measured attenuation in the buried PE-foam-FBE-coated pipe is substantially reduced, in the range of 0.3-1.2 dBm−1 for loose and compacted sand conditions, compared to buried FBE-coated pipe without the PE-foam, where the measured attenuation is in the range of 1.7-4.7 dBm−1. The acoustic properties of the PE-foam are measured independently using ultrasonic interferometry technique and used in model predictions of guided wave propagation in a buried coated pipe. Good agreement is found between the attenuation measurements and model predictions. The attenuation exhibits periodic peaks in the frequency domain corresponding to the through-thickness resonance frequencies of the coating layer. The large reduction in guided wave attenuation for PE-coated pipes would lead to greatly increased GWT test ranges, so such coatings would be attractive for new pipeline installations.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Leinov E, Lowe MJS, Cawley P, 2015, Investigation of guided wave propagation and attenuation in pipe buried in sand, JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION, Vol: 347, Pages: 96-114, ISSN: 0022-460X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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