Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Lee, C and Greenhalgh, E and Shaffer, M and Panesar, A},
doi = {2399-7532/ab47ed},
journal = {Multifunctional Materials},
title = {Optimized microstructures for multifunctional structural electrolytes},
url = {},
volume = {2},
year = {2020}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Multifunctional structural materials offer compelling opportunities to realize highly efficient products. However, the need to fulfil disparate functions generates intrinsically conflicting physical property demands. One attractive strategy is to form a bi-continuous architecture of two disparate phases, each addressing a distinct physical property. For example, structural polymer electrolytes combine rigid and ion-conducting phases to deliver the required mechanical and electrochemical performance. Here, we present a general methodology, based on topology optimization, to identify optimal microstructures for particular design considerations. The numerical predictions have been successfully validated by experiments using 3D printed specimens. These architectures are directly relevant to multifunctional structural composites whilst the methodology can easily be extended to identify optimal microstructural designs for other multifunctional material embodiments.
AU - Lee,C
AU - Greenhalgh,E
AU - Shaffer,M
AU - Panesar,A
DO - 2399-7532/ab47ed
PY - 2020///
SN - 2399-7532
TI - Optimized microstructures for multifunctional structural electrolytes
T2 - Multifunctional Materials
UR -
UR -
VL - 2
ER -