Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Clancy, AJ and Au, H and Rubio, N and Coulter, GO and Shaffer, MSP},
doi = {10.1039/d0dt01589j},
journal = {Dalton Transactions},
pages = {10308--10318},
title = {Understanding and controlling the covalent functionalisation of graphene},
url = {},
volume = {49},
year = {2020}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Chemical functionalisation is one of the most active areas of graphene research, motivated by fundamental science, the opportunities to adjust or supplement intrinsic properties, and the need to assemble materials for a broad array of applications. Historically, the primary consideration has been the degree of functionalisation but there is growing interest in understanding how and where modification occurs. Reactions may proceed preferentially at edges, defects, or on graphitic faces; they may be correlated, uncorrelated, or anti-correlated with previously grafted sites. A detailed collation of existing literature data indicates that steric effects play a strong role in limiting the extent of reaction. However, the pattern of functionalisation may have important effects on the resulting properties. This article addresses the unifying principles of current graphene functionalisation technologies, with emphasis on understanding and controlling the locus of functionalisation.
AU - Clancy,AJ
AU - Au,H
AU - Rubio,N
AU - Coulter,GO
AU - Shaffer,MSP
DO - 10.1039/d0dt01589j
EP - 10318
PY - 2020///
SN - 1477-9226
SP - 10308
TI - Understanding and controlling the covalent functionalisation of graphene
T2 - Dalton Transactions
UR -
UR -!divAbstract
UR -
VL - 49
ER -