Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Sandler, J and Broza, G and Nolte, M and Schulte, K and Lam, YM and Shaffer, MSP},
doi = {10.1081/mb-120021576},
journal = {Journal of Macromolecular Science - Physics},
pages = {479--488},
title = {Crystallization of carbon nanotube and nanofiber polypropylene composites},
url = {},
volume = {42 B},
year = {2003}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - A variety of semicrystalline isotactic polypropylene composites containing carbon nanotubes and nanofibers were produced by melt and solution techniques. The effect of the nanofillers on the crystallization process was investigated by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. Under the processing conditions applied in this study, the surfaces of the carbon nanomaterials act as nucleation sites in bulk samples and highly oriented composite films. This conclusion is confirmed by the calculation of Avrami exponents and, in particular, by direct microscopy evidence.
AU - Sandler,J
AU - Broza,G
AU - Nolte,M
AU - Schulte,K
AU - Lam,YM
AU - Shaffer,MSP
DO - 10.1081/mb-120021576
EP - 488
PY - 2003///
SN - 0022-2348
SP - 479
TI - Crystallization of carbon nanotube and nanofiber polypropylene composites
T2 - Journal of Macromolecular Science - Physics
UR -
VL - 42 B
ER -