Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Fisher, SJ and Shaffer, M},
doi = {10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.03.010},
journal = {Composites Science and Technology},
pages = {161--168},
title = {Rapid quantitative mapping of multi-walled carbon nanotube concentration in nanocomposites},
url = {},
volume = {160},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Inhomogeneous distributions of nanoparticles in polymer nanocomposites have a strong influence on final material properties. Quantitative methods to characterise particle dispersion are rarely applied but are critical for advancing understanding of material behaviour, developing accurate computer models, and optimizing processing. Two complementary quantitative methods were developed to map local concentration, based on Raman spectroscopy and simple optical absorbance, respectively. The approaches are demonstrated for a model multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) epoxy nanocomposite, but should be widely applicable. Maps of absolute concentration can be produced with submicron resolution, allowing analysis of the uniformity of MWNT concentration distribution via the coefficient of variation. The two approaches correlate closely, providing validation of both methods. However, the optical absorbance approach is likely to be more practical, in most cases, as it uses a standard laboratory microscope to analyse large areas rapidly.
AU - Fisher,SJ
AU - Shaffer,M
DO - 10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.03.010
EP - 168
PY - 2018///
SN - 0266-3538
SP - 161
TI - Rapid quantitative mapping of multi-walled carbon nanotube concentration in nanocomposites
T2 - Composites Science and Technology
UR -
UR -
VL - 160
ER -