Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer

 
 
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Assistant

 

Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845

 
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Location

 

M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

220 results found

Goode AE, Hine NDM, Chen S, Bergin SD, Shaffer MSP, Ryan MP, Haynes PD, Porter AE, McComb DWet al., Mapping functional groups on oxidised multi-walled carbon nanotubes at the nanometre scale, Chemical Communications, ISSN: 1364-548X

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Garcia-Trenco A, White ER, Regoutz A, Payne DJ, Shaffer MSP, Williams CKet al., 2017, Pd2Ga-Based Colloids as Highly Active Catalysts for the Hydrogenation of CO2 to Methanol, ACS CATALYSIS, Vol: 7, Pages: 1186-1196, ISSN: 2155-5435

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gonzalez-Carter DA, Leo BF, Ruenraroengsak P, Chen S, Goode AE, Theodorou IG, Chung KF, Carzaniga R, Shaffer MSP, Dexter DT, Ryan MP, Porter AEet al., 2017, Silver nanoparticles reduce brain inflammation and related neurotoxicity through induction of H2S-synthesizing enzymes, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2045-2322

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hodge SA, Buckley DJ, Yau HC, Skipper NT, Howard CA, Shaffer MSet al., 2017, Chemical routes to discharging graphenides., Nanoscale, Vol: 9, Pages: 3150-3158

Chemical and electrochemical reduction methods allow the dispersion, processing, and/or functionalization of discrete sp(2)-hybridised nanocarbons, including fullerenes, nanotubes and graphenes. Electron transfer to the nanocarbon raises the Fermi energy, creating nanocarbon anions and thereby activating an array of possible covalent reactions. The Fermi level may then be partially or fully lowered by intended functionalization reactions, but in general, techniques are required to remove excess charge without inadvertent covalent reactions that potentially degrade the nanocarbon properties of interest. Here, simple and effective chemical discharging routes are demonstrated for graphenide polyelectrolytes and are expected to apply to other systems, particularly nanotubides. The discharging process is inherently linked to the reduction potentials of such chemical discharging agents and the unusual fundamental chemistry of charged nanocarbons.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Pike SD, White ER, Regoutz A, Sammy N, Payne DJ, Williams CK, Shaffer MSPet al., 2017, Reversible Redox Cycling of Well-Defined, Ultrasmall Cu/Cu2O Nanoparticles, ACS NANO, Vol: 11, Pages: 2714-2723, ISSN: 1936-0851

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anthony DB, Shaffer MSP, 2016, Process for producing carbon-nanotube grafted substrate, WO 2016009207 A1

The present invention relates to a process for producing a carbon nanotube-grafted substrate, the process comprising: providing a substrate having catalytic material deposited thereon; and synthesising carbon nanotubes on the substrate by a chemical vapour deposition process in a reaction chamber; characterised in that the process comprises providing a counter electrode, applying a potential difference to the substrate in relation to the counter electrode and maintaining the potential difference of the substrate in relation to the counter electrode during the chemical vapour deposition process.

PATENT

Bayazit MK, Hodge SA, Clancy AJ, Menzel R, Chen S, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Carbon nanotube anions for the preparation of gold nanoparticle-nanocarbon hybrids, CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 52, Pages: 1934-1937, ISSN: 1359-7345

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Blaker JJ, Anthony DB, Tang G, Shamsuddin S-R, Kalinka G, Weinrich M, Abdolvand A, Shaffer MSP, Bismarck Aet al., 2016, Property and Shape Modulation of Carbon Fibers Using Lasers, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, Vol: 8, Pages: 16351-16358, ISSN: 1944-8244

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Chen S, Goode AE, Skepper JN, Thorley AJ, Seiffert JM, Chung KF, Tetley TD, Shaffer MSP, Ryan MP, Porter AEet al., 2016, Avoiding artefacts during electron microscopy of silver nanomaterials exposed to biological environments, JOURNAL OF MICROSCOPY, Vol: 261, Pages: 157-166, ISSN: 0022-2720

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clancy AJ, White ER, Tay HH, Yau HC, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Systematic comparison of conventional and reductive single-walled carbon nanotube purifications, CARBON, Vol: 108, Pages: 423-432, ISSN: 0008-6223

JOURNAL ARTICLE

De Marco M, Markoulidis F, Menzel R, Bawaked SM, Mokhtar M, Al-Thabaiti SA, Basahel SN, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Cross-linked single-walled carbon nanotube aerogel electrodes via reductive coupling chemistry, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, Vol: 4, Pages: 5385-5389, ISSN: 2050-7488

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Diba M, Fam DWH, Boccaccini AR, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Electrophoretic deposition of graphene-related materials: A review of the fundamentals, PROGRESS IN MATERIALS SCIENCE, Vol: 82, Pages: 83-117, ISSN: 0079-6425

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ferguson A, Khan U, Walsh M, Lee K-Y, Bismarck A, Shaffer MSP, Coleman JN, Bergin SDet al., 2016, Understanding the Dispersion and Assembly of Bacterial Cellulose in Organic Solvents, BIOMACROMOLECULES, Vol: 17, Pages: 1845-1853, ISSN: 1525-7797

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Garcia-Trenco A, White ER, Shaffer MSP, Williams CKet al., 2016, A one-step Cu/ZnO quasi-homogeneous catalyst for DME production from syn-gas, CATALYSIS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 6, Pages: 4389-4397, ISSN: 2044-4753

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Govada L, Leese HS, Saridakis E, Kassen S, Chain B, Khurshid S, Menzel R, Hu S, Shaffer MSP, Chayen NEet al., 2016, Exploring Carbon Nanomaterial Diversity for Nucleation of Protein Crystals, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol: 6, ISSN: 2045-2322

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Herceg TM, Abidin MSZ, Greenhalgh ES, Shaffer MSP, Bismarck Aet al., 2016, Thermosetting hierarchical composites with high carbon nanotube loadings: En route to high performance, Composites Science and Technology, Vol: 127, Pages: 134-141, ISSN: 0266-3538

A wet powder impregnation route to manufacture carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites was adapted to accommodate thermosetting matrices reinforced with high fractions (20 wt%/13.6 vol%) of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The produced carbon fibre prepregs were consolidated into laminates with fibre volume fractions of 50–58% and up to 6.1 vol% CNTs. Microscopic imaging confirmed successful consolidation at intermediate CNT loadings, but some voidage at the highest CNT loading due to the highly viscoelastic uncured matrix. Nonetheless, through-thickness electrical conductivity and Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness were enhanced by as much as 152% and 24% to unprecedented values of σ = 53 S m−1 and GIC = 840 J m−2, respectively. Fractographic characterisation indicated that crack deflection was the mechanism responsible for the improved fracture toughness. The material properties were shown to be strongly dependent on the microstructure of the matrix.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Herceg TM, Yoon S-H, Abidin MSZ, Greenhalgh ES, Bismarck A, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Thermosetting nanocomposites with high carbon nanotube loadings processed by a scalable powder based method, COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 127, Pages: 62-70, ISSN: 0266-3538

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Javaid A, Ho KKC, Bismarck A, Steinke JHG, Shaffer MSP, Greenhalgh ESet al., 2016, Carbon fibre-reinforced poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidylether based multifunctional structural supercapacitor composites for electrical energy storage applications, JOURNAL OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS, Vol: 50, Pages: 2155-2163, ISSN: 0021-9983

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lee WJ, Clancy AJ, Kontturi E, Bismarck A, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Strong and Stiff: High-Performance Cellulose Nanocrystal/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Composite Fibers, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol: 8, Pages: 31500-31504, ISSN: 1944-8244

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Leese HS, Govada L, Saridakis E, Khurshid S, Menzel R, Morishita T, Clancy AJ, White ER, Chayen NE, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Reductively PEGylated carbon nanomaterials and their use to nucleate 3D protein crystals: a comparison of dimensionality, CHEMICAL SCIENCE, Vol: 7, Pages: 2916-2923, ISSN: 2041-6520

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Liberti E, Menzel R, Shaffer MSP, McComb DWet al., 2016, Probing the size dependence on the optical modes of anatase nanoplatelets using STEM-EELS, NANOSCALE, Vol: 8, Pages: 9727-9735, ISSN: 2040-3364

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mansor N, Miller TS, Dedigama I, Jorge AB, Jia J, Brazdova V, Mattevi C, Gibbs C, Hodgson D, Shearing PR, Howard CA, Cora F, Shaffer M, Brett DJL, McMillan PFet al., 2016, Graphitic Carbon Nitride as a Catalyst Support in Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers, ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, Vol: 222, Pages: 44-57, ISSN: 0013-4686

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Menzel R, Iruretagoyena D, Wang Y, Bawaked SM, Mokhtar M, Al-Thabaiti SA, Basahel SN, Shaffer MSPet al., 2016, Graphene oxide/mixed metal oxide hybrid materials for enhanced adsorption desulfurization of liquid hydrocarbon fuels, FUEL, Vol: 181, Pages: 531-536, ISSN: 0016-2361

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Pike SD, White ER, Shaffer MSP, Williams CKet al., 2016, Simple phosphinate ligands access zinc clusters identified in the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles, NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2041-1723

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ruenraromgsak P, Chen S, Hu S, Melbourne J, Sweeney S, Thorley AJ, Skepper JN, Shaffer MSP, Tetley TD, Porter AEet al., 2016, Translocation of Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes across Human Pulmonary Alveolar Epithelium: Dominant Role of Epithelial Type 1 Cells, ACS NANO, Vol: 10, Pages: 5070-5085, ISSN: 1936-0851

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sehmi SK, Noimark S, Pike SD, Bear JC, Peveler WJ, Williams CK, Shaffer MS, Allan E, Parkin IP, MacRobert AJet al., 2016, Enhancing the Antibacterial Activity of Light-Activated Surfaces Containing Crystal Violet and ZnO Nanoparticles: Investigation of Nanoparticle Size, Capping Ligand, and Dopants., ACS Omega, Vol: 1, Pages: 334-343

Healthcare-associated infections pose a serious risk for patients, staff, and visitors and are a severe burden on the National Health Service, costing at least £1 billion annually. Antimicrobial surfaces significantly contribute toward reducing the incidence of infections as they prevent bacterial adhesion and cause bacterial cell death. Using a simple, easily upscalable swell-encapsulation-shrink method, novel antimicrobial surfaces have been developed by incorporating metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) and crystal violet (CV) dye into medical-grade polyurethane sheets. This study compares the bactericidal effects of polyurethane incorporating ZnO, Mg-doped ZnO, and MgO. All metal oxide NPs are well defined, with average diameters ranging from 2 to 18 nm. These materials demonstrate potent bactericidal activity when tested against clinically relevant bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Additionally, these composites are tested against an epidemic strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that is rife in hospitals throughout the UK. Furthermore, we have tested these materials using a low light intensity (∼500 lx), similar to that present in many clinical environments. The highest activity is achieved from polymer composites incorporating CV and ∼3 nm ZnO NPs, and the different performances of the metal oxides have been discussed.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sweeney S, Hu S, Ruenraroengsak P, Chen S, Gow A, Schwander S, Zhang JJ, Chung KF, Ryan MP, Porter AE, Shaffer MS, Tetley TDet al., 2016, Carboxylation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes reduces their toxicity in primary human alveolar macrophages, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-NANO, Vol: 3, Pages: 1340-1350, ISSN: 2051-8153

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sweeney S, Leo BF, Chen S, Abraham-Thomas N, Thorley AJ, Gow A, Schwander S, Zhang JJ, Shaffer MSP, Chung KF, Ryan MP, Porter AE, Tetley TDet al., 2016, Pulmonary surfactant mitigates silver nanoparticle toxicity in human alveolar type-I-like epithelial cells, COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES, Vol: 145, Pages: 167-175, ISSN: 0927-7765

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Woodward RT, Fam DWH, Anthony DB, Hong J, McDonald TO, Petit C, Shaffer MSP, Bismarck Aet al., 2016, Hierarchically porous carbon foams from pickering high internal phase emulsions, CARBON, Vol: 101, Pages: 253-260, ISSN: 0008-6223

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Zhang JJ, Lee K-B, He L, Seiffert J, Subramaniam P, Yang L, Chen S, Maguire P, Mainelis G, Schwander S, Tetley T, Porter A, Ryan M, Shaffer M, Hu S, Gong J, Chung KFet al., 2016, Effects of a nanoceria fuel additive on the physicochemical properties of diesel exhaust particles, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-PROCESSES & IMPACTS, Vol: 18, Pages: 1333-1342, ISSN: 2050-7887

JOURNAL ARTICLE

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